European Commission


Keywords details

The keyword 'B2C' has been found in the following documents:

UCP Directive

Whereas (8)
Article 2 (d)
Article 3 1.

EC Guidance

1.8. The concept of trader


National ID Common name Subject Directive article Date decision Decision type
105451 / KG ZA 10 - 252 B2B Article 6 2. (a)
20/01/2011 Court decision, first degree
6 U 150/09 B2C Article 5 2.
31/05/2010 Court decision in appeal
Supreme Court, 20 May 2008 pyramid scheme Article 3 1.
Annex I al1 14.
20/05/2008 Supreme court decision
[2012] EWCA Crim 539 trader Article 2 (b)
Article 2 (d)
12/03/2012 Court decision in appeal
I ZR 170/10 trader Article 2 (b)
Article 2 (d)
Article 3 1.
18/01/2012 Supreme court decision

Legal Literature

Reference Title Author Date
Revista Romana de Dreptul Afacerilor nr. 4/2008 Consumer protection in commercial contracts Gh. PIPEREA 2008
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Europees Recht, 2005-9, pages 179-184 The Unfair Commercial Practices Directive: a fair compromise B.J. DRIJBER 2005
Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, 2007, 7/8, pages 124-136 A closer look on legislative practices: an analysis of the implementation of the UCP Directive in The Netherlands L. STEIJGER 2007
wbl [Wirtschaftsrechtliche Blätter] 2009, pages 1-10 Amendment to the Austrian Unfair Competition Act 2007 H-G. KOPPENSTEINER 2009
N.L.J. 2007, 157, 796-797 The end of sharp practice? H. HART 2007
Wissenschaft in Recht und Praxis (WRP), 2010, pages 677 - 686 A reaction: An interpretation of the UCP Directive from the view of the UWG (the German Unfair Competition Act)? K.-H. FEZER 2010
Oficyna, 2008 The prevention of the Unfair Commercial Practices Act. An analysis. M. SIERADZKA 2008
ÖBl [Österreichische Blätter für Gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht] 2009/46, page 243 ff Capacity to sue and to be sued according to the new law on unfair competition D.DUURSMA and H.DUURSMA-KEPPLINGER 2009
ÖBl [Österreichische Blätter für Gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht] 2010/34, page 163 ff Claims for damages of a market party in the Unfair Competition Act P. LEUPOLD 2010
Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis (WRP) 2009, 789 The new UWG (German Unfair Competition Act) und its impact to the B2B-area T. HOEREN 2009
Państwo i Prawo, 11/2008, p.52-65 A product placement as an unfair commercial practice M. NAMYSŁOWSKA and K. SZTOBRYN 2008
B. Keirsbilck, ''Koppelverkoop is niet langer per se verboden, maar kan wel nog in concreto oneerlijk blijven, DCCR 2011, p. 115-137 Combined offer is no longer prohibited as such, but can still be qualified as ''unfair'' in practice. B. KEIRSBILCK 2011
Intellectual Property Quarterly, 2012, volume 1, page 1 24 The emergent European law of unfair competition and its consumer law origins C. WADLOW 2012
Neue Juristische Wochenschrift (NJW) 2010, 3280-3287 The development of unfair competition law in the years 2008 until 2010 N. KLUTE 2010
Annals of Private Law, 2011, issue 10, pages 721-730 Additional benefits and other commercial practices as interpreted by the ECJ jurisprudence in light of the Directive 2005/29/EC on unfair commercial practices - towards a radical change in the assessment of unfair trade practices regarding the Business to Consumer relationship (B2C) M.-TH. MARINOS 2011
Industrial Property, 2011, NOMIKI BIBLIOTHIKI SA, Athens, pages 232-234 § 38: The 2005/29/EC Directive and Articles 9a seq of Law 2251/1994, Title of the relevant chapter : Unfair commercial practices N. ROKAS and I. VENIERIS 2011
Przeciwdziałanie nieucziciwym praktykom rynkowym. Przewodnik dla przedsiębiorców, 2011, Prawnicza i Ekonomiczna Biblioteka Cyfrowa Combating unfair commercial practices. A guide for entrepreneurs. I. NESTORUK and M. PIETRASZEWSKI 2011

Other materials