European Commission

 

Keywords details

The keyword 'confusion' has been found in the following documents:


UCP Directive

Article 6 2.
Article 6 2. (a)





EC Guidance

2.4.4. Confusing marketing
2.4.2. General considerations





Cases

National ID Common name Subject Directive article Date decision Decision type
CA/NB/527/29 Consumer Authority, 6 September 2010, Nederlandse Energie Maatschappij/NL Energie misleading commercial practices Article 6 1. (b)
Article 6 1. (c)
Article 6 1. (d)
Article 6 2. (b)
Annex I al2 26.
06/09/2010 Administrative decision, first degree
J. nr. 10/01058 endorsement Article 5 4.
Article 6 1.
01/09/2010 Other
MD 2008:15 Maglite imitation Article 6 2. (a)
Annex I al1 13.
24/04/2007 Court decision in appeal
Prescription of the Estonian Consumer Protection Board of 16 January 2013 Bakker Holland OÜ aggressive commercial practices Annex I al2 31.
16/01/2013 Administrative decision, first degree
1 O 2937/10 attributes of the trader Article 6 1.
22/12/2010 Court decision, first degree
Inšpektorát Slovenskej obchodnej inšpekcie v Banskej Bystrici, 28.07.2010 P/0221/06/10 guarantee Article 7 2.
28/07/2010 Administrative decision, first degree
5 U 93/11 material information Article 7 1.
Article 7 5.
21/10/2011 Court decision in appeal
17Ob26/11i trade mark Article 6 1.
Article 6 2. (a)
18/10/2011 Supreme court decision
Decision no. DDK-2/2013 Decision no. DDK-2/2013 misleading commercial practices Article 6 1. (c)
02/05/2013 Administrative decision, first degree
H.D. 288/2009 and 289/2009 (or U 2012.1089H) H.D. 288/2009 and 289/2009 (or U 2012.1089H) misleading commercial practices
06/01/2012 Supreme court decision





Legal Literature

Reference Title Author Date
(2009) 16(1) DULJ 100 The role of traders in the enforcement of the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive: a new unfair competition law for Ireland? N. REILLY 2009
T.W. 2007, 201, 14-15 Copycats get the cream C. LINDSAY 2007
Markkinointijuridiikka 2012, 2012, WS Bookwell Oy Market practices 2012 E. KOIVUMÄKI and P.HÄKKÄNEN 2012





Other materials

N/A




Synonyms

confusing marketing , create confusion , creating confusion