European Commission

 

Belgium



National Laws

The list below displays the national laws implementing the UCP directive.
To see the implementation of the UCP directive article by article go to "UCP Directive".
 
Name Adoption date In Force date Version
Law on commercial practices and the provision of information to and the protection of consumers 14/07/1991 29/02/1992
Law on market practices and the protection of consumers 06/04/2010 12/04/2010 EN FR NL
Law regarding the reform of some economic state owned companies 21/03/1991 27/07/1993 EN FR NL
Law regarding the regulation of some procedures in the framework of the law of 6 April 2010 06/04/2010 12/04/2010
Procedural Code 10/10/1967 31/10/1967
Royal decree regarding the changes of the complaint management in the insurace sector 21/06/2006 03/07/2006 FR




Enforcement System

To see the Enforcement System fiche for Belgium click here.



Cases

National ID Common name Subject Directive article Decision date Decision type
2008/AR/666 comparative advertising Article 6 2.
Article 6 2. (a)
12/04/2010 Court decision in appeal
2010/AR/787 combined offers 25/06/2010 Court decision in appeal
55/2011 Scope of the UCP Directive – Full harmonisation Article 11 al2 (a)
Article 12 al1 (a)
06/04/2011 Other
99/2013 trader Article 2 (b)
09/07/2013 Other
AR nr. 2008/AR/2917 discrimination Article 6 1.
Article 6 1. (d)
15/02/2011 Court decision in appeal
C.09.0436.N black list Annex I al1 1.
21/02/2011 Supreme court decision
Comm. Tournai (prés.) 16 March 2011 Comm. Tournai (prés.) 16 March 2011 prize promotion Article 5 1.
Article 6 1.
Article 7 1.
Annex I al1 19.
Annex I al2 31.
16/03/2011 Court decision, first degree
Commercial Court of Antwerp, 29 May 2008 invitation to purchase Article 2 (i)
Article 7 4.
29/05/2008 Court decision, first degree
Commercial Court of Brussels, 23 April 2008 misleading omissions Article 7 1.
23/04/2008 Court decision, first degree
Cour d''appel de Bruxelles 11 December 2012 Cour d''appel de Bruxelles 11 December 2012 misleading commercial practices Article 6 1. (b)
Article 6 1. (c)
11/12/2012 Court decision in appeal
Cour d''Appel de Bruxelles 3 May 2011 Cour d''Appel de Bruxelles 3 May 2011 price Article 6 1. (d)
03/05/2011 Court decision in appeal
Court of Appeal Antwerp, 23 December 2010 intermediary Article 6 1.
23/12/2011 Court decision in appeal
Court of Appeal Antwerp, 30 June 2009 consumer Article 2 (a)
30/06/2009 Court decision in appeal
Court of Appeal Brussels, 20 January 2009 transaction decision Article 6 1.
Article 6 1. (b)
20/01/2009 Court decision in appeal
Court of Appeal Brussels, 4 May 2010 Court of Appeal Brussels, 4 May 2010 limitations imposed by the medium Article 7 1.
Article 7 4. (c)
04/05/2010 Court decision in appeal
Court of Appeal of Brussels, 8 May 2008 misleading advertising Article 6 1.
Article 6 1. (b)
08/05/2008 Court decision in appeal
Court of Appeal of Liège, 26 June 2008 trader Article 2 (b)
26/06/2008 Court decision in appeal
Ghent Court of First Instance, criminal division, 12 January 2011 bait advertising Annex I al1 5.
12/01/2011 Court decision, first degree
Hof van Beroep te Brussel 22 February 2011 Hof van Beroep te Brussel 22 February 2011 misleading advertising Article 6 1. (b)
22/02/2011 Court decision in appeal
Hof van Beroep te Gent 3 January 2011 unfair competition Article 5 1.
03/01/2011 Court decision in appeal
Justice of the Peace Torhout, 5 October 2010 unordered product Annex I al2 29.
05/10/2010 Court decision, first degree
President Commercial Court Nivelles, 18 February 2009 President Commercial Court Nivelles, 18 February 2009 limitations imposed by the medium Article 7 1.
Article 7 2.
Article 7 3.
18/02/2009 Court decision, first degree
President of the Commercial Court in Brussels, 8 June 2009 misleading advertising Article 6 1.
08/06/2009 Court decision, first degree
President of the Commercial Court of Brussels, 30 January 2008 misleading advertising Article 6 1.
30/01/2008 Court decision, first degree
President of the Commercial Court of Brussels, 5 March 2008 misleading omissions Article 5 1.
Article 6 1.
Article 7 1.
05/03/2008 Court decision, first degree
President of the Commercial Court of Nivelles, 15 October 2008 comparative advertising Article 14 3. al1 al1 al1
15/10/2008 Court decision, first degree
Prés. Commerce Nivelles 12 January 2011 misleading commercial practices Article 6 1. (b)
Article 6 1. (c)
12/01/2011 Court decision, first degree
Supreme Court, 20 May 2008 pyramid scheme Article 3 1.
Annex I al1 14.
20/05/2008 Supreme court decision
Voorz. Kh. Antwerpen 18 October 2011 Voorz. Kh. Antwerpen 18 October 2011 misleading commercial practices Article 6 1. (c)
18/10/2010 Court decision, first degree
Voorz. Kooph. Brussel 12 October 2012 misleading commercial practices Article 6 1. (d)
Annex I al1 11.
12/10/2012 Court decision, first degree




Legal Literature

Reference Title Author Date
A. De Boeck en Y. Montangie (eds.), De nieuwe bepalingen in de Handelspraktijkenwet, Brugge, Vanden Broele, 2008, 19-42 The new provisions of the Trade Practices Act and their relevance for the contractual relationship and the terms and conditions in particular A. DE BOECK 2008
A. De Boeck en Y. Montangie (eds.), De nieuwe bepalingen in de Handelspraktijkenwet, Brugge, Vanden Broele, 2008, 19-42 The impact on advertising and promotional techniques of the new rules on unfair commercial practices R. STEENNOT 2008
B. Keirsbilck, ''Koppelverkoop is niet langer per se verboden, maar kan wel nog in concreto oneerlijk blijven, DCCR 2011, p. 115-137 Combined offer is no longer prohibited as such, but can still be qualified as ''unfair'' in practice. B. KEIRSBILCK 2011
Bull. Ass. – De Verz., 2008, nr. 364, p. 261-268 An application in the insurance sector of the unfair commercial practices rules, the rules on financial services at a distance and combined offer STEENNOT, R. and VAN DEN STEEN, L. 2007
DCCR 2011, n° 91, 91 A telecom operator unable to proof consumer consent, cannot request payment for its services R. STEENNOT 2011
Droit de la consommation - Consumentenrecht (DCCR), 1/2010, pages 3-67 Consumer use and public services of an economic nature DELFORGE, C. 2010
Droit de la consommation - Consumentenrecht (DCCR), 2/2009, 2010, pages 173-174 The absolute prohibition on combined offers infringes the UCP Directive 2005/29/EC TERRYN, E. 2010
Droit de la consommation - Consumentenrecht (DCCR), 2007, nr. 72, pages 3-30 The impact of the UCP Directive on sales promotions in the Trade Practices Act DE BAUW, H. 2007
Droit de la consommation - Consumentenrecht (DCCR), 2007, nr. 74, pages 107-112 The implementation of the UCP Directive TERRYN, E. 2010
G. STRAETMANS, J. STUYCK and E. TERRYN, De wet handelspraktijken anno 2008, Mechelen, Kluwer, 2008, pages 51-86 Misleading and comparative practices after the implementation of the UCP Directive E. TERRYN 2008
G. STRAETMANS, J. STUYCK, E. TERRYN, De wet handelspraktijken anno 2008, Mechelen, Kluwer, 2008, 1-50 A critical review of the scope of application of the UCP Directive and the Belgian implementation law G. STRAETMANS 2008
G. STRAETMANS, J. STUYCK, E. TERRYN, De wet handelspraktijken anno 2008, Mechelen, Kluwer, 2008, 107-142 The general prohibitive clauses in the relationship trader-consumer H. DE BAUW 2008
G. STRAETMANS, J. STUYCK, E. TERRYN, De wet handelspraktijken anno 2008, Mechelen, Kluwer, 2008, 143-166 The unfair commercial practices and the regulated commercial practices L. DE BROUWER 2008
G. STRAETMANS, J. STUYCK, E. TERRYN, De wet handelspraktijken anno 2008, Mechelen, Kluwer, 2008, 87-106 Aggressive commercial practices J. STUYCK 2008
H. DE BAUW (ed.), Handelspraktijken en mededinging, Diegem, Kluwer, 2008, 331-351 The consequences of the "combined sales judgement" of the Court of Justice of 23 April 2009 for the period before the sales period in which the announcement of price reductions to the consumer is prohibited and for some other rules. H. DE BAUW 2008
H. DE BAUW (ed.), Handelspraktijken en mededinging, Diegem, Kluwer, 2008, 331-351 The prohibition of pyramid selling in the UCP Directive: a redundant provision H. DE BAUW 2008
Het ondernemingsrecht (DAOR) 2007, nr. 84, pages 345-358 The new commercial practices act applied to advertising — or how to tame the two-headed monster DEKONINCK, C. and FAELLI, T. 2007
Journal des Tribunaux (JT), nr. 6286, 37/2007, pages 773-780 Commercial practices and consumer protection: the new status D. GOL 2007
Juristenkrant 14 september 2011, 3 Court of Justice does not take position on the restricted periods R. STEENNOT 2011
Juristenkrant 2007, 153, 6-7 Belgian Law on Commercial Practices: profoundly altered R. STEENNOT 2007
Juristenkrant 2007, 154, 15 The Belgian Law on Commercial Practices remains dated J. STUYCK 2007
R.D.T.I. 2007, 2, 171-186 Unfair Commercial Practices: Towards a Comprehensive European Consumer Policy? A. GARDE and M. HARAVON 2007
R.W. 2009-2010, 30, 1242-1250 Combined sales and other absolute prohibitions in the WHPC (future Law on Commercial Practices and Consumer Protection) after the European Court of Justice VTB-VAB case E. TERRYN 2010
T.V.C. 2008, 1, pages 25-33 The implementation of the UCP Directive in Belgium: bide your time and wait for the opportune moment? E. TERRYN 2008
TBH 2009, afl. 8, 778-786 The Court of Justice clarifies the scope of Directive 2005/29/EC with regard to combined offers L. DE BROUWER 2009
Tijdschrift voor Belgisch Handelsrecht, 2010/08, pages 703-744 A critical analysis of the Law on market practices and the protection of consumers B. KEIRSBILCK and J. STUYCK 2010
TPR 2009-1, 229-556 Overview of case law - Consumer protection 2003-2007 R. STEENNOT
V. Colaert, ''Financiële diensten en de Wet Marktpraktijken: enkele knelpunten '', BFR 2011, p. 87-116 Applying the Belgian Law on Market Practices and Consumer Protection to Financial Services: Selected Issues V. COLAERT 2011




Other materials

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