European Commission


Case detail

B a c k

Directive article Article 5 4. (a)
Article 13 al1
Annex I al1 9.
National ID Consumer Rights Protection Centre Decision Nr.E03-KREUD-23
Country Latvia Decision date 15/04/2010
Common name Decision type Administrative decision, first degree
Court Pateretaju Tiesibu Aizsardzibas Centrs (Riga) Plaintiff(s)
Court translation Consumer Rights Protection Centre (Riga) Defendant(s)
Subject misrepresentation
Keywords black listillegal productsmisleading commercial practicesmisleading statementsmisrepresentation

+ Expand all


Annex I-9 of the UCP Directive is violated when a trader advertises for employment services for which it is not licensed.


The trader was placing advertisements with certain job offers in the media. The Consumer Rights Protection Centre found that the trader did not hold the necessary license for job placement services.  

The trader admitted that it did not hold the license, but claimed that:

(1) the respective potential employers had authorized the trader to conclude the employment agreements on their behalf; and

(2) after the license was lost, no new employment agreements were concluded with potential employees, and all existing customers had been informed that the service was discontinued.

Legal issue

(1) Can a trader promote a service which requires a special license when the trader does not hold such license?

(2) Is it relevant that no actual clients were attracted and that no contracts were concluded, when considering the violation at stake?


(1) The trader had not submitted any evidence that the potential employers had authorised the trader to conclude employment agreements on their behalf. The Consumer Rights Protection Centre concluded that the promotion of a service which the trader is not legally entitled to provide, constitutes a misleading commercial practice and breaches Annex I-9 of the UCP Directive. 

(2) The Consumer Rights Protection Centre did not review the argument that no harm was done to consumers as no customers were attracted, no employment contracts were concluded and all those who had expressed an interest had been notified about the termination of the service. There was no evidence provided by the trader that confirmed the accuracy of this statement.

  URL Decision Decision full text
LV Click here


The trader was penalised for having committed an unfair commercial practice.

Additional information

Date Description URL
There is no events for this case.

Related case(s)

National ID Common Name Subject Country Link type
There is no related cases for this case.

Legal Literature

Title Author
There is no Legal Literature for this case.