European Commission


Case detail

Directive article Article 5 2. (b)
National ID Slovak Trade Inspection, 05.08.2010 -- P/0241/06/10
Country Slovakia Decision date 05/08/2010
Common name Decision type Administrative decision, first degree
Court Slovenská obchodná inšpekcia, Banská Bystrica Inšpektorát Slovenskej obchodnej inšpekcie so sídlom v Banskej Bystrici pre Banskobystrický kraj Plaintiff(s)
Court translation Slovak Trade Inspection, Banská Bystrica Slovak Trade Inspection, Inspectorate with its registered seat in Banská Bystrica, region Banská Bystrica Defendant(s) Mr. Jozef Ebergémyi, M.R.Štefánika 1377/7, 054 01 Levoča
Subject product characteristics
Keywords evidencehealth and safetymisleading commercial practicesmisleading statementsproduct characteristics

+ Expand all


Promoting a medical tool by claiming that it can cure specific diseases, constitutes an unfair commercial practice when no relevant scientific proof can be provided to support this claim.


The defendant was promoting and offering a massage armchair, and claimed its healing effects on human health (it was announced to help curing spine and blood circulation diseases). The alleged healing effects were not supported by an expert opinion.

Upon request of the employees of the Slovak Trade Inspection conducting the inspection on the spot, the defendant failed to produce an expert opinion which would confirm the alleged healing effects.

The defendant argued that such expert opinion was not necessary, as the massage armchair was not to be considered as a medical product, but only as a medical tool.

Legal issue

Does the claim of specific health effects for a medical tool need to be supported by relevant scientific proof in order to not qualify as a misleading commercial practice?


A trader who claims that a product has healing effects, and even specifies the individual diseases which can be healed, must be able to prove his allegations by relevant confirmations or research. As the defendant could not evidence the alleged healing effects, his conduct at the sales promotion constitutes an unfair commercial practice.

  URL Decision Decision full text
SK N/A Click here


The Inspectorate of the Slovak Trade Inspection in Banská Bystrica (the body conducting the administrative proceedings) imposed a fine of 300 EUR. Note: this amount also comprised the fine for another violation of the Slovak Consumer Protection Act by the defendant (information obligation of the trader to label its products with price-sheets).

Additional information

Date Description URL
There is no events for this case.

Related case(s)

National ID Common Name Subject Country Link type
There is no related cases for this case.

Legal Literature

Title Author
There is no Legal Literature for this case.