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Children in Migration
1. Name of the project/practice
Percorsi per la formazione, il lavoro e l’integrazione dei giovani migranti / Pathways for education, employment and integration of young migrants.
2. Name of submitting person/organisation/practitioner
Ministry of Labour and Social Policies / Directorate-General for Immigration and Integration Policies.
3. Role of the submitting person/organisation/practitioner in the good practice
Head of the II Office - Migrants integration policies and unaccompanied children protection.
4. Type of organisations implementing the practice
Other type of organisation
4.1. Please specify type of organisation if different than the options above
5. Description of the lead organisation
The Directorate-General for Immigration and Integration Policies of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies is in charge of implementing integration policies aimed at enhancing the social - labour inclusion of vulnerable migrants, including unaccompanied children. With regard to unaccompanied children, the Directorate-General is also responsible for i) registering and monitoring their presence in the Italian territory, through a national informative system (SIM) ii) promoting family tracing and iii) issuing a mandatory but not binding opinion concerning the integration path followed by the child in Italy, with a view to the release of a new residence permit when the child becomes 18 years old.
6. Name and description of partner organisations
Anpal Servizi S.p.a., an in-house company of the National Agency for Active Labour Policies (ANPAL), is in charge of implementing the project "Percorsi per la formazione, il lavoro e l’integrazione dei giovani migranti" on behalf of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies.
Scope and activities
7. Type of activity
Capacity-building and training of duty-bearers (national, regional, local authorities, others involved in delivery of services) to respect rights
Services delivered directly to children (including on access to their rights) (e.g. child-sensitive information, support services, clinics (mobile or other), reception, transnational cooperation, etc.
Promoting rights-based responses and actions (e.g. advocacy, working with communities, implementing standards)
Community engagement (e.g. local volunteers or outreach, inclusion, neighborhood initiatives)
Other type of activity
7.1. Please describe other type of activity (if the type of activity is not listed above)
Activity aimed at
Immediate protection needs on arrival / humanitarian relief (e.g. individual needs assessment)
Identification and registration (e.g. child-friendly biometric enrollment, measures to prevent and to respond to unaccompanied children going missing, age assessment procedures)
Reception: accommodation (e.g. reception related measures to promote and respond to children going missing, foster care, semi-independent living, housing for families, different forms of alternative care for unaccompanied children)
Reception: access to services (educational support, access to health care, assistance to newborns or toddlers, psychosocial support, leisure, integration-related measures)
Access to status determination procedures/procedural safeguards (guardianship services, multidisciplinary age assessment, family reunification/unity, family-tracing, prioritisation of children’s status determination procedures (urgency principle), legal assistance, child-sensitive information)
Prevention of deprivation of liberty (General Comment No 23 UNCRC) / non-custodial solutions
Durable solutions (best interests determination, integration, return, resettlement or reunification with family in a third country)
8.1. Please describe other sector (if the sector is not listed above)
Social-labour inclusion, through the participation in vocational trainings.
9. Target group of children in migration
Unaccompanied or separated children
Children in families
Children with disabilities
Children seeking international protection
Teenagers close to adulthood
Child victims of trafficking
Child victims of violence
Child victims of sexual violence
Other target group of children in migration
9.1. Other target group of children in migration (if the target group is not listed above)
Young migrants up to 23 years old arrived in Italy as unaccompanied children.
10. Specific target of the practice
11. Target group based on age
Other age group
11.1. Please specify the age group
12. Keywords to describe the good practice
Children with families
13. Time frame
13.1. Start date of activity
13.2. End date of activity
14. Geographical scope
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
14.1. Other geographical scope
15. Region, municipality or locality concerned
16. General description of activities
The project is aimed at fostering the social-labour inclusion of unaccompanied children in transition to adulthood and young migrants, up to 23 years old, entered in italy as unaccompanied children. It is based on the definition, for each participant, of an individual integration path, which includes a set of services intended to facilitate the access to the labour market: more specifically, this path includes activities designed to support the skills development and the search for job opportunities, facilitating labour matching (assessment of competencies, orientation, company coaching and scouting) and a five months traineeship in a company, selected by the job agencies according to the participant needs and the local labour market demand. The project has a multistakeholder approach, as it involves employment services/job agencies, companies/employers and reception centres, so as to foster the local network and the collaboration between the different actors involved in the migrants social-labour inclusion process.
17. Objectives of the activities
The project is aimed at fostering the social-labour inclusion of unaccompanied children in transition to adulthood and young migrants, up to 23 years old, entered in Italy as unaccompanied children in order to help them, after turning 18 years old and exiting from the reception system, to gain autonomy and self-sufficiency, in the perspective of their regular staying on the national territory and in order to prevent the risk of their exploitation. The measure is also designed to strengthen and qualify the governance between institutional actors (with particular regard to local entities) and key stakeholders involved in the migrants social-labour inclusion process, by drawing up and sharing a model replicable in all the national territory.
The project was divided into several phases: as concerns the first three phases, since October 2016 and up to 30 November 2019, out of 1980 traineeships totally foreseen, 1604 were successfully completed and 168 are currently in progress. The Directorate General intends to make the project structural and regularly replicate it every year. Indeed, the fourth phase of the project, which foresees new 1500 traineeships, is going to start shortly. At the end of each phase, an evaluation of the results and, more specifically, of the strengths and the weaknesses of the projects, was carried out, also through focus groups involving the trainees, the employment services/job agencies and the companies. The assessment reports related to the first and the second phase of the project are available at the following links: http://www.integrazionemigranti.gov.it/Documenti-e-ricerche/Report_Percorsi_I_ENG.pdf http://www.integrazionemigranti.gov.it/Progetti-e-azioni/Documents/Report%20monitoraggio%20Percorsi%20II-convertito_EN.pdf
It has to be outlined the necessity to carefully calibrate such a measure aimed at supporting the access to the labour market of significantly vulnerable persons, also considering that a multiplicity of actors are involved and that, according to Italian law, Regions (which indeed previously agreed with this project) are mainly competent with regard to work and social issues. In this perspective, one of the challenges encountered concerns the need to strengthen the local network between the public and private entities involved in the migrants social-labour inclusion process (mainly job agencies, companies and reception centres) in several Italian Regions. Moreover, the focus group carried out during the project revealed the necessity to adequately balance the wishes and the previous competencies of the trainees, as well as those acquired during the project, in order to build a suitable integration path and to find for them opportunities more consistent with their background and personal aspirations. Last but not least, a challenge concerns the distribution of the traineeships on the Italian territory: indeed, most of them were carried out in the Regions with the highest presence of UAMs (such as Sicily) which often, unfortunately, register low employment rate and a lack of job opportunities after the completion of the traineeship experience.
20. Lessons learned
The outcomes of the project revealed that the last of the traineeships need to be increased, since a 5 months path often is not considered sufficient for the trainees to acquire and develop new technical competencies and abilities, essential in order to get an adequate experience in the specific sector and to continue the employment relationship with the company hosting the traineeship or find easily a new job opportunity. The individual integration path needs to include a more in-depth analysis of the formal, informal and non-formal competencies of the trainee and some hours specifically dedicated to technical linguistic training, as the language skills of the trainees, often considered not sufficient by employers, represented in several cases an obstacle to the continuation of the employment relationship after the completion of the 5 months traineeship. At the end of the integration path, it is important for the trainees to obtain a certificate of the competencies acquired and developed, which will facilitate the search for a new job opportunity.
Funded by national authorities
Funded by the organisation in charge of the implementation
Funded by regional authorities
Funded by local authorities
Funded by private donor or charity
21.1. Please specify other funding:
Funded by ESF.
22. Funded by EU Programme
- None -
Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF)
Development Cooperation Instrument
Emergency Assistance Scheme under the AMIF/ISF (EMAS)
Emergency Support Instrument (ESI)
EU Compact with Jordan
EU Compact with Lebanon
EU Health Programme
EU Humanitarian Assistance
EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis
EU Trust Fund for Africa
European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD)
European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights
European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
European Social Fund (ESF)
Facility for Refugees in Turkey
Fund for Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD)
Internal Security Fund (ISF)
Mobility Partnership Facility
Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme
23. Approximate costs per year
EUR - Euro
RON - Romanian Leu
SEK - Swedish Kroner
PLN - Polish Zloty
NOK - Norwegian Kroner
HUF - Hungarian Forint
ISK - Icelandic Kroner
LTL - Lithuanian Litas
DKK - Danish Kroner
CZK - Czech Crown
BGN - Bulgarian Lev
GBP - British Pound
HRK - Croatian Kuna
25. Costs per objective or per work package
The project is funded by ESF for a total amount of about 11.000.000 Euro. For each integration path an individual grant of 5.000 Euro is allocated: 2.000 Euro are earmarked to the job agency providing labour market services; 500,00 Euro are allocated for the employer/company providing tutoring activity; 2.500 Euro (500 Euro per month) are offered to the trainee.
26. Other relevant information on budget and costs
27. Formal evaluation
28. Child safeguarding policy
29. Child safeguarding policy link
30. Child safeguarding policy document
31. Link to good practice / organisations' website
32. Relevant documents for good practice/organisation
(548.8 KB - PDF)
PDF - 548.8 KB
No file selected.
33. Is there any extra information you want to provide not already covered in the replies to the questions above?
34. You can add up to five contacts
(+39) 0646 83 1
(+39) 0646 83 20 30
Italian MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND SOCIAL POLICIES
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