Presentations and list of speakers are available on the website
The Atlantic Arc Commission of the Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions (CPMR)
The workshop experts discussed the general situation of Fisheries in Galicia, including CLLDs projects and their thoughts concerning the upcoming programming period. The workshop was intended to focus on suggestions for the next European Maritime and Fisheries Fund ahead of the submission of the official proposal for the new programming period.
The discussions generated the following conclusions:
DG-MARE Fisheries and Aquaculture Monitoring and Evaluation Support Unit
Workshop speakers presented legal and practical aspects of implementation of the landing obligation. An interactive follow-up discussion at the end of workshop drew out the following conclusions:
Join Programming Initiative Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans
This workshop concluded that there is a need to raise more awareness about the potential of the Blue Bioeconomy to meet different policy objectives (climate change, circular economy, food security, economic growth and employment), and to increase the uptake of the blue bioeconomy by key actors (industry, consumers investors). A key, additionalconclusion from the workshop was that more needs to be done to create more synergies between sectors, including traditional and new blue bioeconomy sectors, and the marine and land-based bioeconomy. It is also important to face the challenge of the high risk investment involved in innovative sectors when trying to attract investment by taking a value-chain approach, seeking market solutions and showing results with demonstration and flagship projects.
Euroshore International VZW
Marine ecosystems are under severe pressure and the sustainability of the oceans is a global concern. To enhance protection of the marine environment, discharges of waste at sea need to be reduced. Representatives of the European Commission and Bulgarian ports infrastructure focused both on political and practical measures to better manage ship generated waste in ports.
The European Commission has adopted a proposal for a new Directive on Port Reception Facilities for the delivery of waste from ships, which will replace the current Directive 2000/59/EC, and should align the EU regime better with the MARPOL Convention. The proposed Directive aims at reducing the discharges of waste at sea by ensuring that (1) adequate waste reception facilities are available in ports and (2) that ships deliver their waste to those facilities. As such, the proposed Directive contributes to the Circular Economy by addressing the problem of marine litter from ships by focusing on the delivery of garbage to port reception facilities.
Black Sea NGO Network, Rethink Plastic Alliance
Marine litter and plastic pollution is a global problem and it affects us all. Excellent workshop speakers provided diverse perspectives on current challenges and possible solutions to address marine litter problems. The following action points were drawn from the presentations made and from follow up discussions:
Sea Traffic Management Validation Project, Sea Traffic Management Validation Project (STM), Swedish Maritime Administration European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet)
The workshop discussed the impact and desirable outcome of digitisation in 4 different areas: tourism, shipping, maritime security and fFishing
Desirable application methods, challenges and necessary outcomes were tackled, with conclusions as follows:
On more and better uses of information in a digital world, the following conclusions were reached:
Augmented reality, and artificial intelligence solutions offer real opportunities, particularly regarding shipping, security, and environment/tourism related applications.
Regional Strategies and Maritime Cooperation: Now and in the Future
Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions (CPMR), Interact/Knowledge of the Seas Network
The experts and participants in this workshops focused discussions on the added value of sea-basin or macro-regional strategies and tried to look forward in identifying avenues for improving the synergies between the two types of cooperation frameworks in regions with a maritime dimension.
It became evident that regional strategic frameworks (RSF) provide a common vision and common priorities in understanding joint challenges and opportunities, as well as the possibility to put single actors and activities into the bigger picture (‘1+1=3’). To create joint ownership and commitment in the implementation of the agreed RSFs, one should involve all levels of actors (national, regional, local, triple helix, citizens etc.) Looking beyond 2020, agreeing a common policy/vision should precede the establishment of a governance mechanism. It is essential that funding programmes are demand-oriented and support the agreed policy/vision, to provide the necessary complementarities (aligned/blended/linked) and allow for the use of different funding sources to implement the RSF.
BONUS, the joint Baltic Sea research and development programme, BLUEMED Coordination and Support Action, National Research Council of Italy
The workshop aimed to showcase what Research, Technology, Development and Innovation (RTDI) in regional seas can provide in support of sustainable Blue Growth in Europe. The RTDI activities in the regional seas create a strong European added value and contribute significantly to a broad spectrum of regional and European agendas as well as to alignment of strategies at international level. Case-studies from 3 European regional seas were presented: the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
There is a common, overarching challenge in different regional seas of Europe: developing the full potential of Blue Growth while achieving and maintaining a good environmental status of the sea (SDGs, EU directives etc). To achieve this, unifying approaches need to be identified and common targets set through the identification of potential synergies, as well as facilitating a stronger sharing culture for exchanging best practice among different European ‘sister’ programmes. The rapid developments in the past decade show that now is the best time for initiating cooperation among European regional R&I initiatives & programmes in support of sustainable Blue Growth. For this purpose, a systematic cooperation network among these initiatives and programmes should be sought.
Pole Mer Mediterranee - Toulon Var Technologies, Marine Cluster Bulgaria
The workshop brought together cluster managers from FR, BG and NL, and projects aiming at boosting cluster networking and collaboration across borders. There was a vivid exchange about cluster patterns and common problems in management and collaboration within clusters and across borders, within the EU. It became clear that successful clusters are usually a result of a local initiative aiming at stimulating traditional territorial specialisations in a given coastal area or port and boosting traditional maritime economic activities (for example, shipbuilding, ship maintenance, reconversion, ship repair). Nurturing a strong relationship between private enterprises, government, research institutes and schools is an ingredient forf success. Clusters can help measure blue economies (via a dedicated observatory) and identify opportunities for SMEs and micro and small enterprises. EU funding can support the latter through grants. Finally, common areas of support provided by clusters in the EU to their members are: 1. Reinforcing human capital/blue careers; 2. Embracing R&D, innovation (sustainability) and contributing to social challenges; 3. Boosting internationalisation/ trade, creating new business opportunities and supporting efforts to create a level playing field.
Italian Space Agency, Laurea University of Applied Sciences, Secretariat General de la Mer
Maritime security and surveillance experts and representatives of EU Member States authorities offered reflections and view on the transition from EUCISE2020 pre-operational validation project to the operational phase of CISE – the Common Information Sharing Environment for the EU Maritime domain (to be achieved in 2020):
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO
The workshop experts shared a series of successful cross-border MSP-related projects and initiatives as well as their experience on cross-border and transboundary marine spatial planning (MSP), in the regional context but also at international level. They also expanded on the process and shared lessons from these experiences, indicating whether experiences could be replicable (or not) in other contexts, highlighting good practice and fit-for-purpose solutions.
The whole discussion was built around the IOC-UNESCO and EU-MARE Joint Roadmap to accelerate MSP worldwide. It concluded that different cultures and MSP stages between countries might be a challenge but that the partnership between governmental authorities (all levels) and researchers (EU projects focused on data and tools) are essential for the development of MSP plans and to address the transboundary issues (ecosystem functions & maritime activities). The workshop also concluded that EU legal frameworks, including different polices, provide guidance for transboundary cooperation between Member States. Finally, it established that strategies for stakeholder engagement are important to share data and to share experiences.
Vision and Strategies around the Baltic Sea (VASAB)
In this workshop the majority of the experts presented the pyramid structure below. From data in the base, through which you get the information that creates the knowledge. And ideally through this knowledge you reach wisdom. Different efforts and tools of data collection were analysed.
The key conclusions reached were:
The panel discussion focused on the fact that we need to show not only cumulative impacts, but also to find and illustrate the synergies. Another point was raised about the INSPIRE Directive that is already in place and thus we should not need MSP to demand data collection. However, most participants noted the difficulty of applying INSPIRE and agreed upon the improvements this directive needs. Private sector data was the last question discussed and despite the fact that EIA and SEA receive data from the private sector, there are privacy issues for dissemination.
Political will is required to facilitate sharing the same standards, collecting existing data, drafting the data plan and collecting what is missing, as well as horizontal and vertical communication. The vision for MSP data is for 99% to be online, accessible via distributed information systems andharmonised/interoperable. It shoud also be easy-to-read, and more attractive in terms of content, functionalities and interface.
Consortium for Coordination of Research Activities Concerning the Venice Lagoon System (CORILA)
Maritime Spatial Planning experts discussed the implications of such processes within the sea-basin of the Mediterranean Sea. From concrete examples of MSP projects in the Med at local and regional level, to the jungle of data available and the testimony of the genesis of the MSP Directive, discussions revealed the specificities of the Med. The workshop conclusions are:
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur
This workshop stressed the advantages of FOWT compared to conventional wind turbines. The joint project between the regions of Occitanie and Provence and Cote d'Azur for developing FOWT was presented and discussed. This project relies on the complementarity of the two regions (one with experience in wind power, the other in the maritime sector). FOWT remains a government-driven process, with public authorities supporting industry. Further public support is needed to develop its potential, notably on innovation, environmental studies and developing pilot projects and commercial farms. Authorities and operators have to take into consideration the following factors: consultations with and acceptance by stakeholders (including fishermen and environmental NGOs), existing infrastructure and its adaptation to this new technology and skills training.
The workshop presented different approaches to tackle ocean literacy and provided hands on experience with the following key conclusions:
Centro Tecnológico del Mar - Fundación Cetmar
The workshop presented the MATES project - The Blueprint Strategy for sectorial skills cooperation in the Maritime Technologies field with the following key conclusions:
Attendees were invited to join the MATES expert network beyond the partnership, to participate in the construction of the strategy.
Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization, Bologna University, Center for Advanced Studies in Tourism (CAST UNIBO)
Speakers presented data on the impact of mass tourism and projects working on diversifying the offer. Group discussions involved - Group 1: Reducing the ecological footprint and the environmental impacts of the tourism supply chain - Group 2: Promotion of a quality tourism offer oriented towards nature and culture - Group 3: Improving the decision-making capabilities of public authorities and coastal communities for a better planning and management of tourism activities.
The outcomes of the discussions suggested the need for:
Travelecology (Breakaway Travel SL)
Nautical routes are a good solution to address the challenges of nautical and coastal tourism ("the renewable energy" of nautical and coastal tourism) and can rely on the growth potential of ecotourism (marine ecotourism). The workshop identified key tools to support the development of the potential of marine ecotourism in Europe in 3 different areas. In terms of "governance", there is a need to have formal coordination platforms and expert bodies bringing public and private stakeholders together. With respect to "sustainability and innovation", participants stressed the importance of sustainability action plans, capacity building for tourism operators and destinations, connecting with citizen initiatives, or market recognition of environmental stewardship. Finally, in terms of "branding and commercialisation", the following tools were highlighted: customer profiling and market research, product development oriented to the customer's experience and celebrating nature, or connecting existing networks, including with green transport and accommodation.
The scale of the marine litter problem is significant and the amount of plastic in the ocean is increasing. Solutions such as getting rid of plastic by regulatory restrictions are no longer perceived to be optimal.. The European Maritime and Fisheries Fund provides an opportunity to member states to tackle the plastic litter problem (e.g. through fishing for litter actions) but much more could be done on a national level to exploit this opportunity.
4 excellent speakers from World animal protection, Waste free oceans, Fourth Element and Plastix demonstrated that the marine litter problem could be turned into an opportunity – through sustainable business. Collaborating across areas and among different stakeholders is crucial to find common solutions. The business of plastic recycling has been in place for at least 30 years, demonstrating that capacity exists. However, recycling plastic litter from seas and especially, end of life fishing gear has common challenges ranging from practical difficulties to recycling due to many types of plastic, the presence of sand and a lack of waste management systems and recycling facilities. Speakers provided inspiring examples of products made in Europe from marine litter and old fishing gear already on the market e.g. clothes for divers and surfers from Fourth Element, shoes by Adidas/Parley for oceans, socks by Healthy Seas Netherlands/Slovenia, furniture by Plastix/Waste Free oceans and 3D printing from nylon fishing gear by Fishy filaments.
As regards lessons learned for the future, sustainable solutions need to be better known when dealing with marine plastic litter. There is need for inclusive business models, better incentives, reduced barriers and improved awareness raising.
This session presented and discussed recent progress in defining and measuring the EU Blue Economy, including the perspective from the Annual Economic Report on the EU Blue Economy and national experiences and economic reports in Portugal, Ireland and Italy. The session provided an overview of topics related to methodologies, better data quality and measurement tools that may lead to better policymaking. Particular emphasis was given to how these data and analytical evidence increasingly feed into the decision making process by monitoring targets in the Blue Economy.
During the panel discussion, participants confirmed the high interest in this topic and explicitly encouraged the Commission to undertake further work, including higher disaggregation of territorial analysis and further developing analytical methodologies (indirect impacts) and/or data collection to cover emerging sectors and the value of ecosystem services.
Overall, it was clear and obvious that the report was well received and that stakeholders are keen on collaborating, in an attempt to improve further editions of the report.
The session “financing strategic cooperation for Blue Growth” provided an overview of the financial sources available to support innovation in the Blue Economy as well as the challenges and opportunities they provide to stakeholders. The Facility for Blue Growth in the Black Sea set the scene by discussing the main challenges in fostering Blue Growth in the Black Sea, and focussing on the complex funding landscape. This can act as a further barrier to understanding, from what is already a farly low level of awareness from local beneficiaries and even Managing Authorities. This was complemented by DG MARE presenting the main ideas behind future EU mechanisms to support innovation in blue economy value chains and sustainable blue growth. Among others, EMFF grants will be used to support innovative businesses, in particular high-potential SMEs and start-ups, in getting their ideas to market and scaling up, as well as leveraging other appropriate sources of financing.
Discussions highlighted the relevance of intermediaries in supporting local SMEs, so that they can benefit from the wide range of existing financial resources (public and private) available. It also highlighted the need to support strategic and targeted transnational cooperation for innovation as well as focusing support on ‘entrepreneurs’ rather than ‘grantrepreneurs’. The workshop discussions also urged support mechanisms (such as platforms, networks and clusters)to offer high value-for-money support services to emerging businesses rather than acting as an additional bureaucratic layer.