Planned Funding Uses
We need capital to conduct the following four phases of work listed and described below that are required to bring GEA@275™ to market. 1. preparations for the Southern Ocean and the application work in situ 2. the subsequent laboratory work, scientific publication, and UN approval 3. return to the Southern Ocean for first full large-scale direct application 4. registration with the IPCC and the first international sales Next Steps in phase one and two: For the pre-departure work of phase one, we need to cover the costs of • development of a new type of remotely operated vertical profiler equipped with a specific array of sensors and a new type of samplers • development of mobile (container type) lab for measurements on site (use of 14C isotope) • equipment for the collection and treatment of large volumes of seawater (cca. 20.000 liters) • development of specific incubation equipment for this particular purpose to be used on-board the research vessel • on-board personnel salaries and research vessel with crew rental cost for three to eight week period to the Southern Ocean There are United Nations moratoria prohibiting "dumping" in the ocean, so we must first prove to the entire scientific community that the GEA method works in the "real world" by our intended series of on-site on-board experiments and later in the Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, Norway. Our results must be published in relevant scientific magazines. This is essential for obtaining permission from the United Nations and other regulatory institutions to conduct direct application in the natural environment in the Southern Oceans on subsequent trip. During the initial Southern Ocean work, we must: • measure oceanographic and atmospheric parameters • measure in situ primary productivity • measure primary productivity (the goal is to calculate the detailed kinetic responses of the entire system) after spiking the samples with different concentrations of FE-chelates at in situ conditions • isolate dominant phytoplankton species (including cyanobacteria and heterotrophic bacteria) and initiate cultures When this work is done, we will either do the work on the REVOcean vessel or transport samples, seawater and equipment to the Institute in Norway for intensive testing in their laboratories and mesocosms in Bergen under the direction of Dr. Puškarić. During this phase 2 we will: • test each species and its responses to different Fe-chelates and conditions • repeat above, but tested in mesocosms conditions with mixed populations • test production of marine snow in mesocosms simulating conditions as measured in the Southern Ocean Included in the budget is a substantial fraction for the hiring of expert consultants necessary to study the global carbon market conditions at the time in anticipation of the completion of stages 3 and 4 above. We will be able to offset far more CO2 than we will be able to sell or trade on the markets, without disruption. A strategy to maintain the steady reduction of CO2 parts per million while earning money, maximizing the global drive towards net zero emissions, eco-system sustainability, and circular economies, will need high level expertise.