Maritime Forum

Maritime Forum Themes

Size of blue economy

The blue economy covers activities that are related to the seas and oceans. It is hard to estimate its size:

  1. not everything at the coast is related to the blue economy
  2. not all of the blue economy is at the coast
  3. traditional classification of industries such as tourism or energy generation do not distinguish between what is marine or maritime and what is not
  4. in many maritime sectors such as oil and gas exploration, most of the employment is generated by equipment suppliers and other upstream activities rather than by the industry itself

Nevertheless, it is clear that  the maritime economy is a significant and strategic industry for the EU and has the potential to grow even further. A number of studies have therefore aimed to capture its current extent and growth rate.

Bio-economy 2016 report

produced by JRC

Last update: 06/05/18


this revised version takes into account comments on the first draft and also includes reaction to those comments

Last update: 31/01/17

Comments invited on draft report on size, nature and dynamics of blue economy

The study suggests indicators that provide an understanding of how the very diverse activities that make up the blue economy contribute to the EU's overall economy

Last update: 01/02/18

List of studies and reports on economic characteristics of blue economy

List is not complete. suggestions for additions are welcome

Last update: 01/02/18

Replies from ad-hoc Member States' Expert Group on the size, nature and dynamics of the blue economy

feedback on initial assumptions in defining the blue economy and estimating its size

Last update: 16/10/15

‘On improving socio-economic data for maritime sectors and maritime regions

Draft report from 2012 of the Action Group 6.5 on behalf of Eurostat

Last update: 12/08/15

Size of the blue economy in EU Member States

DG-MARE has prepared an analysis of the size of the blue economy for the integrated maritime policy expert group meeting of 25 June, 2015.

Last update: 01/02/18

Blue growth in the EU - a set of studies

A set of studies have been commissioned by the European Commission's Directorate General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries on economic activities that depend on the sea – both traditional ones such as fishing and shipbuilding and emerging ones such as renewable energy.

Last update: 01/02/15

Blue Growth country and sea-basin reports (Mediterranean, Adriatic & Ionian, and the Black Sea)

Please address your queries to:

Last update: 05/03/16

Blue Growth Study - Scenarios and drivers for Sustainable Growth from the Oceans, Seas and Coasts

Study report on traditional and emerging activities in the blue economy

Last update: 17/12/14