LIFE Project Cover Photo

RESTORATION AND EXPANSION OF "EL HITO", A PRIORITY SALT FLAT AND WETLAND (SPAIN)

Reference: LIFE20 NAT/ES/000035 | Acronym: LIFE EL HITO

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

BACKGROUND

The projects targets the Natura 2000 site of El Hito wetland, which is subject to agri-environmental schemes provided for the conservation of steppe birds, such as cranes (Grus grus), through compensation from income loss and adoption of new production methods compatible with the protection of the environment. Methods focused on the conservation of steppe birds include the use of untreated seeds, late harvest, protection of nests, and specific crop rotations. The measures require the creation of application units of 1 000 ha approximately, but the farm area of this site only slightly exceeds 300 ha. Until the next agri-environmental measure for the site is implemented in 2023 with the new CAP, this project will apply compensation measures and study the real costs for future measures and commitments, laying the ground for a long-term collaboration with local farmers, through land stewardship agreements and marketing of products based on biodiversity criteria. Compensatory measures will not overlap with measures financed through the Rural Development Programme.


OBJECTIVES

The LIFE EL HITO project aims to halt the decrease, restore and increase the area of EU Habitats Directive priority habitats, such as Coastal lagoons (1150*), Limonietalia salt flats (1510*) and Temporary Mediterranean wetlands and ponds (3170*) in Central Spain, as well as protect priority species designated by the EU Habitats and Birds Directives. The project also aims to recover habitats for birds included in Annex I of the Birds Directive.

Specific objectives are to:

  • Restore endangered flora and buffer zones around the wetland and the surrounding steppe salt flats;
  • Close trails that impact the wetland, and drains to ensure temporary flooding, and eliminate elements that break up the natural flood cycle;
  • Remove debris and infrastructures (e.g. fences, power lines) that impact the lagoon
  • Create buffer zones to halt sediments filling this shallow wetland, and avoid diffuse pollution coming from surrounding farmlands;
  • Establish land stewardship agreements and agri-environmental programmes that allow the implementation of sustainable management plans in the long term;
  • Improve national and regional strategic plans for wetlands and the National and Regional Catalogues of Threatened Species;
  • Raise awareness among the local populations about the problems affecting the wetland and the benefits of recovering the habitat through traditional management;
  • Inform a broader audience about the coastal wetland, and promote tourism and sustainable farm products. 

The project contributes to the implementation of the EU Habitats Directive, Birds Directive, Pollinators Initiative, 2030 Biodiversity Strategy, Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and EU Action Plans for little bustard, great bustard and lesser kestrel. It is also in line with the Castilla-La Mancha Natural Environment Conservation Plan and State Law 22/2015 on Natural Heritage and Biodiversity, and Regional Catalogue of Threatened Species.


RESULTS

Expected results:

  • Purchase of over 500 ha of land, including 467 ha to conserve priority wetland and salt flats and 34 ha of farmlands to reconvert into priority habitats;
  • Demolition and removal of old warehouses and other buildings in key areas;
  • Removal of 7.5 km of fences that divide the wetland, 3 000 m3 of infrastructures, rubble and accumulated waste in the lagoon and buffer zones;
  • Closure and renaturation of small drainage canals, removal of 3 km of illegal paths, and recovery of springs favour the wetland filling;
  • The restoration and increase in habitats targeted in the Habitats Directive (*1510 and *3170), and other habitats of wetlands and salt flats;
  • Harvest of seeds, production and plantation of more than 250 000 seedlings of different endemic Limonium species, to ensure the 1510* habitat expansion;
  • Implementation of 15 land stewardship agreements over 200 ha of farmland, reduction of conflicts caused by cranes (Grus grus), and sustainable farming to favour Falco naumanni, Otis tarda, Tetrax tetrax and Chersophilus duponti;
  • Construction of a small green filter close to El Hito water treatment plant, to improve water quality, of water that sometimes reaches the wetland;
  • Beaconing of 10 km of electrical lines to avoid collisions of some bird species;
  • Construction of two hides for bird watching, mainly cranes, to attract eco-tourism;
  • Updated vegetation mapping regarding the evolution of targeted habitats. On-site and laboratory monitoring/surveillance;
  • Entomological studies as best key indicators for these habitats, and a bird census;
  • Defined ecosystem services indicators;
  • Awareness-raising programme for 30 municipalities and 50 schools, and dissemination of information via audio-visual material, including national TV (RTVE);
  • Networking through participation at conferences, working groups on wetland habitats, and through the development of strategic plans for wetlands conservation; and
  • Increased knowledge about these very scarce habitats, exchanged with working groups in Europe, to inform the assessment on its conservation status (EIONET).

ADMINISTRATIVE DATA


Reference: LIFE20 NAT/ES/000035
Acronym: LIFE EL HITO
Start Date: 01/10/2021
End Date: 31/12/2024
Total Budget: 3,108,400 €
EU Contribution: 2,020,460 €
Project Location:

CONTACT DETAILS


Coordinating Beneficiary: FUNDACIóN GLOBAL NATURE
Legal Status: PNC
Address: Corro del Postigo, 1, 34337, Fuentes de Nava, España
Contact Person: Eduardo de Miguel Beascoechea
Email: edemiguel@fundacionglobalnature.org
Tel: +34679171426
Website: http://www.fundacionglobalnature.org


LIFE Project Map

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ADDRESSED

THEMES

  • Green infrastructure
  • Ecological coherence
  • Heath and Scrublands
  • Grasslands
  • Birds
  • Amphibians
  • Coastal
  • Invertebrates
  • Mammals

KEYWORDS

  • grassland ecosystem
  • coastal area

TARGET EU LEGISLATION

  • Directive 79/409 - Conservation of wild birds (02.04.1979)
  • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020” (03.05.2011)
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directive (21.05.1992)

TARGET HABITAT TYPES

  • 1420 - Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Sarcocornetea fruticosi)
  • 1410 - Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi)
  • 1510 - Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia)
  • 1310 - Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand
  • 1150 - Coastal lagoons
  • 3170 - Mediterranean temporary ponds
  • 3140 - Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp.

SPECIES

  • Numenius arquata
  • Charadrius dubius
  • Larus ridibundus
  • Vanellus vanellus
  • Aythya ferina
  • Netta rufina
  • Anas clypeata
  • Anas querquedula
  • Anas acuta
  • Anas crecca
  • Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Himantopus himantopus
  • Oenanthe hispanica
  • Galerida cristata
  • Galerida theklae
  • Calandrella brachydactyla
  • Melanocorypha calandra
  • Burhinus oedicnemus
  • Chersophilus duponti
  • Pterocles alchata
  • Otis tarda
  • Tetrax tetrax
  • Grus grus
  • Falco naumanni
  • Circus pygargus
  • Circus cyaneus
  • Tringa totanus
  • Chlidonias niger
  • Tadorna tadorna
  • Anas penelope
  • Anas strepera
  • Gallinago gallinago
  • Anthus campestris
  • Alauda arvensis

NATURA 2000 SITES

Type Code Name
SPA ES0000161 LAGUNA DE EL HITO (DEPRECATED)

BENEFICIARIES

Name Type
Fundación Global Nature Coordinator

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