Each year 44 000 people in Poland die prematurely because of it. In Opole Voivodeship, air quality has been lower that the limited value for many years, making it the main environmental problem in the region. The main type of pollutants are PM10, PM2.5 and benzo(a)pyrene from private household heating. The target is to reduce the regions emissions in this area by 1 350 Mg per year compared to the end of 2017 by 2025, a significant challenge for local governments, which must organise a strategy for replacing thousands of household boilers. The implementation of previous Air Quality Plans (AQPs) highlighted local governments lack of a relevant competences and management systems. This was the reason for the ineffectiveness of the AQP implemented in 2013. Legislative and administrative measures introduced in Poland so far have beeninsufficient and must be strengthened at the national, regional and local levels. Current AQP cover increasing capacity and improving the quality of public administration for implementing such plans. Introducing a management system will increase the effectiveness of measures to improve air quality, reduce administrative burdens and ensure optimisation of results in relation to the expenditure incurred. To increase the efficiency of AQP implementation, it is necessary to integrate into one management system various activities for improving air quality and funding from various levels and various central and regional funding programmes in order to achieve synergies. In addition, implementation of an AQP management system will also help implement EU climate and energy policy and the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD).
The main objective of the LIFE_AQP_Opolskie_2019.PL project is to shorten the AQP delivery time, increase the capacity and improve the quality of public administration of the Opole Voivodeship at all levels in relation to remedial actions set out in the plan. It will achieve this aim by:
Specifically, the project aims to:
The project aims to prepare society for the adoption of WHO standards.
The project will also contribute to the implementation of EU policies by increasing the energy efficiency of buildings, reducing primary energy consumption, increasing the share of renewable energy and reducing generated waste from furnaces. It will also address poverty and increase public administration efficiency, reducing administrative burdens and improving access to environmental protection information. It will furthermore contribute to increased employment in modern sectors of the economy, while promoting citizen science and cooperation between science, business and administration.