Restoration and management of Danube floodplain habitats

Reference: LIFE14 NAT/SK/001306 | Acronym: LIFE Danube floodplains

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

BACKGROUND

In past 200 years, the water and wetland habitats of the Danube region have undergone great change: dams have been constructed; flood protection introduction; navigation improved; agricultural and forestry activities intensified; and land drained. Large continuous flood areas have been reduced and divided by dykes, while numerous branches have been cut off from the main river course. This process resulted in stagnant water in river branches for most of the year, and several habitat types and species have declined, especially those dependent on river dynamics, flowing waters and fluctuating water levels.


OBJECTIVES

The LIFE Danube floodplains project aims to restore the key natural habitats of Danube floodplains and to introduce sound sustainable management. Habitat restoration will be achieved by the improvement of water regime in the vast river branch system and by direct interventions to secure favourable conservation status of targeted habitats.

Specific objectives are to:

  • Optimise water level and distribution of water within the Danube river branch system and in Danube floodplains;
  • Restore the water regime of selected disturbed localities;
  • Restore targeted habitat types and improve their conservation status;
  • Increase biodiversity of floodplain forest habitats, production potential and ecosystem services of forest management;
  • Improve the conservation status of the last remaining fragments of non-forest habitats within the project site; and
  • Raise awareness of the importance of floodplain restoration, disseminate knowledge for replication and transfer results and best practices.
  • Expected results:

  • Some 70 ha of the land acquired by purchase and long-term lease for restoration actions;
  • Minimum of five technical objects created or reconstructed and the water regime of an area of 1 850 ha improved;
  • Two major river branches restored on at least 4 500 m, and branches re-connected;
  • Decrease of human disturbance on 135 ha;
  • Four wetlands restored covering 37 ha;
  • Native tree species represented in the repository of genetic resources, with 45 000 seedlings for reforestation grown and a gene pool established on 3.8 ha;
  • Planting of 57 500 native tree species on an area of 45 ha;
  • Invasive tree and plant species removed on 40 ha;
  • Targeted habitat types restored and their conservation status improved on the area of 745.5 ha;
  • Waste clean-up and removal of ammunition on 5 ha;
  • 84 ha of grasslands restored and their regular management initiated;
  • At least 150 pollard willows restored;
  • Overall 200 pollard willows planted;
  • Project web page in three languages; and
  • Two two-day study visits for 30 people organised; guided excursions for 400 students, members of the public, teachers and guides; 20 five-days camps for a total of 240 children.

  • ADMINISTRATIVE DATA


    Reference: LIFE14 NAT/SK/001306
    Acronym: LIFE Danube floodplains
    Start Date: 01/08/2015
    End Date: 31/01/2024
    Total Budget: 5,999,420 €
    EU Contribution: 3,599,651 €
    Project Location:

    CONTACT DETAILS


    Coordinating Beneficiary: Bratislavsk regionlne ochranrske zdruenie - BROZRegional Association for Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development
    Legal Status: PNC
    Address: Na Rivire 7A, 841 04, Bratislava, Slovakia Slovensko
    Contact Person: Andrej Devecka
    Email: devecka@broz.sk
    Tel: +421905973650
    Website: http://broz.sk


    LIFE Project Map

    ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ADDRESSED

    THEMES

    • Forests
    • Freshwater
    • Grasslands
    • Amphibians

    KEYWORDS

    • freshwater ecosystem
    • grassland ecosystem
    • introduction of plant species
    • river
    • biodiversity
    • water monitoring
    • wetland
    • forest management
    • restoration measure

    TARGET EU LEGISLATION

    • COM(95) 189 - "Communication on the judicious use and conservation of wetlands" (12.12.1995)
    • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directive (21.05.1992)
    • COM(2013) 249 final “Communication from the Commission on Green Infrastructure (GI) - Enhancing Europe’s Natural Capital” (06.05.2013)
    • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020” (03.05.2011)

    TARGET HABITAT TYPES

    • 3150 - Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition - type vegetation
    • 3270 - Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri p.p. and Bidention p.p. vegetation
    • 6210 - Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
    • 6430 - Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels
    • 6440 - Alluvial meadows of river valleys of the Cnidion dubii
    • 6510 - "Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)"
    • 91E0 - "Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)"
    • 91F0 - "Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris)"
    • 91G0 - Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus

    SPECIES

    • Bombina bombina

    NATURA 2000 SITES

    Type Code Name
    SCI HUDI20034 Duna és ártere (DEPRECATED)
    SCI SKUEV0075 Klátovské rameno (DEPRECATED)
    SCI SKUEV0090 Dunajské luhy (DEPRECATED)
    SCI SKUEV0092 Dolnovážske luhy (DEPRECATED)
    SCI SKUEV0183 Veľkolélsky ostrov (DEPRECATED)
    SCI SKUEV0393 Dunaj (DEPRECATED)

    BENEFICIARIES

    Name Type
    Bratislavsk regionlne ochranrske zdruenie - BROZRegional Association for Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development Coordinator
    DINPD(Duna-Ipoly National Park Directorate), Hungary Participant
    VVB(Vodohospodárska výstavba, š.p./ Water management construction, state enterprise), Slovakia Participant
    VUVH(Výskumný ústav vodného hospodárstva / Water Research Institute), Slovakia Participant
    NLC(Národné lesnícke centrum / National Forest Centre), Slovakia Participant

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