Mejora ecológica de la red fluvial Natura 2000 en el Golfo de Bizkaia

Reference: LIFE21-NAT-ES-LIFE KANTAURIBAI (101074197)/101074197 | Acronym: LIFE21-NAT-ES-LIFE KANTAURIBAI (101074197)

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

BACKGROUND

Ecological fragmentation of rivers, and therefore of habitats, is a key problem affecting rivers of the Bay of Biscay which flow through basins shared by 3 regions and 2 countries: Navarre and Gipuzkoa (Spain) and the Atlantic Pyrenees (Nouvelle Aquitaine, France). This fragmentation has negative effects on the conservation of some species in the area: species that are priority conservation targets in the management plans of 15 Natura 2000 sites in the Bay of Biscay. Various historical and geographical factors mean that rivers in this area have a large number of obstacles interrupting their continuity. These rivers also have short courses (in the order of tens of kilometres) so there is a high density of impassable obstacles, with more than 1 per kilometre of river. As a result, ecosystems and habitats are altered and the ranges of the most sensitive species (semi-aquatic mammals and fish) are reduced or fragmented. This, coupled with genetic isolation and other associated effects, jeopardises their conservation and ability to recover or cope with additional pressures, severely reducing their resilience. 


OBJECTIVES

LIFE KANTAURIBAI’s goal is to improve the conservation status of key species and habitats of rivers flowing into the Bay of Biscay. It aims to do so by restoring the ecological connectivity of rivers in the Oria, Urumea, Bidasoa, La Nive and La Nivelle basins. The species and habitats targeted include salmon, lamprey, shad, eel, Margaritifera (a genus of freshwater mussels), Pyrenean desman, European mink and some alluvial forests.


The project’s specific objectives are to:

  • Eliminate or make passable 30 obstacles;
  • Reduce the main threats to diadromous fish (which migrate between freshwater and saltwater) in the project area: major river discontinuity and the impact of some hydroelectric power plant turbines on downstream migration;
  • Install an automated control and monitoring system for migratory fish species, allowing them to be monitored with minimal human intervention;
  • Improve the conservation status of Margaritifera, Pyrenean desman, otters and European mink in the rivers covered by the project through a programme of population reinforcement, translocations and actions to reduce the main threats to the last nuclei of desman and mink;
  • Restore alluvial forests in places where they have been replaced by introduced species of flora (false acacia, American oak and Pennsylvania ash);
  • Control and/or eradicate invasive alien species (American mink, coypu, muskrat and flora) present in the rivers covered by the project and which directly affect conservation of the target species and habitats; and
  • Create an organisation that allows international coordination for the management and monitoring of migratory fish species between the 3 regions through which the Bidasoa basin’s rivers flow.


ADMINISTRATIVE DATA


Reference: LIFE21-NAT-ES-LIFE KANTAURIBAI (101074197)/101074197
Acronym: LIFE21-NAT-ES-LIFE KANTAURIBAI (101074197)
Start Date: 01/10/2022
End Date: 30/09/2027
Total Eligible Budget: 10,858,334 €
EU Contribution: 6,514,995 €
Project Location:

CONTACT DETAILS


Coordinating Beneficiary: GESTION AMBIENTAL DE NAVARRA SA
Legal Status: PRIVATE
Address: CALLE PADRE ADOAIN 219 BAJO, 31015, PAMPLONA, España
Contact Person: Eva Zaragueta
Email: Send Email
Website: Visit Website


LIFE Project Map

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ADDRESSED

THEMES

  • River basin management
  • Public and Stakeholders participation
  • Freshwater
  • Fish
  • Invasive species

KEYWORDS

  • barrier removal
  • biodiversity
  • connectivity
  • freshwater ecosystem
  • endangered species
  • migratory species
  • monitoring
  • multidisciplinary cooperation
  • public awareness campaign
  • restoration
  • restoration measure
  • river management
  • river

TARGET EU LEGISLATION

  • Directive 2000/60 - Framework for Community action in the field of water policy (23.10.2000)
  • COM(2013) 249 final “Communication from the Commission on Green Infrastructure (GI) - Enhancing Europe’s Natural Capital” (06.05.2013)
  • Recast Directive 2018/2001/EU (DIRECTIVE (EU) 2018/2001 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (recast)
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directive (21.05.1992)
  • Council Regulation (EC) No 1100/2007 of 18 September 2007 establishing measures for the recovery of the stock of European eel
  • COM(2020) 380 EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 Bringing nature back into our lives (20.05.2020.) 
  • Regulation 1143/2014 - Prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (22.10.2014)

TARGET HABITAT TYPES

  • 91E0 - "Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)"

SPECIES

  • Alcedo atthis
  • Cinclus cinclus
  • Galemys pyrenaicus
  • Mustela lutreola
  • Lutra lutra
  • Salmo salar
  • Lampetra planeri
  • Alosa alosa
  • Petromyzon marinus
  • Anguilla anguilla
  • Oxygastra curtisii
  • Austropotamobius pallipes
  • Mauremys leprosa
  • Margaritifera margaritifera
  • Elona quimperiana

NATURA 2000 SITES

Type Code Name
SCI ES2200023 Río Baztan y Regata Artesiaga
SCI ES2120015 Urumea ibaia / Río Urumea
SCI ES2200015 Regata de Orabidea y turbera de Arxuri
SCI FR7200786 La Nive
SCI ES2120016 Aiako harria
SCI ES2120012 Araxes ibaia / Río Araxes
SCI ES2200014 Río Bidasoa
SCI ES2200010 Artikutza
SCI ES2200017 Señorío de Bértiz
SCI FR7200785 La Nivelle (estuaire, barthes et cours d'eau)
SPA ES0000122 Aritzakun-Urritzate-Gorramendi
SCI ES2120018 Txingudi-Bidasoa
SCI ES2200018 Belate
SCI ES2120005 Oria Garaia / Alto Oria
SCI FR7200720 Barthes de l'Adour

BENEFICIARIES

Name Type
AYUNTAMIENTO DE DONOSTIA SAN SEBASTIAN Participant
CONFEDERACION HIDROGRAFICA DEL CANTABRICO OA Participant
HERNANI Participant
AGENCIA EFE SAU, S.M.E. Participant
COMUNIDAD FORAL DE NAVARRA - GOBIERNO DE NAVARRA Participant
GIPUZKOAKO FORU ALDUNDIA Participant
GESTION AMBIENTAL DE NAVARRA SA Coordinator
ERRENTERIAKO UDALA Participant
AGENCIA VASCA DEL AGUA URA Participant
CENTRO TECNOLOGICO AGRARIO Y AGROALIMENTARIO ASOCIACION Participant
IBERDROLA GENERACION SA Participant
Fédération des Pyrénées-Atlantiques pour la Pêche et la Protection du Milieu Aquatique Participant
SCIMABIO INTERFACE Participant
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT Participant
COMMUNAUTE D'AGGLOMERATION DU PAYS BASQUE Participant
CPIE Seignanx et Adour Participant
CONSERVATOIRE D'ESPACES NATURELS DE NOUVELLE-AQUITAINE Participant
GREGE Participant