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Coordinated Development and Implementation of Best Practice in Bycatch Reduction in the North Atlantic, Baltic and Mediterranean Regions

Reference: LIFE22-NAT-NL-LIFE-CIBBRiNA/101114301 | Acronym: LIFE22-NAT-NL-LIFE CIBBRiNA

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

BACKGROUND

Incidental bycatch has been identified as one of the major threats to marine species worldwide, notably for Endangered, Threatened and Protected (ETP) species. It is the single most important known cause of mortality facing marine ETP species. The number of individuals of ETP species incidentally bycaught annually in European seas is high.

Although this has been recognised for decades, efforts to minimise the bycatch of ETP species of marine mammals, birds, turtles and elasmobranchs have had limited success. One of the main reasons has been the insufficient involvement and buy-in from the fishing industry, exacerbated by a lack of clarity about conservation goals, the fact that some key legislation covers only certain fleets, a limited implementation of legislation and weak enforcement. Both monitoring and mitigation measures have been imposed on large groups of end-users, namely fishers, without consultation and the measures often turn out to be unworkable in practice or to have severe adverse socio-economic consequences.

There are essentially two types of barriers to the reduction of mortality due to incidental bycatch, one technical and the other has to do with implementation. The active involvement of fishers, integration of fisher knowledge and the engagement of gear technologists will help CIBBRiNA to solve technical problems. CIBBRiNA aims to overcome the latter barrier through integration of all levels of the fishing industry along with other stakeholders including national authorities into all stages of the project.

In recent years, there have been several developments demonstrating a need from an international perspective for coordinated efforts to tackle this problem. The LIFE CIBBRiNA project sets out to address this issue by establishing a European flagship initiative in which fishers, scientists,  environment ministries and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from 13 European countries work jointly to minimize incidental bycatch in fisheries which have a high risk of bycatch of priority marine ETP species and to work towards transparent and environmentally and socio-economically sustainable fisheries in the Northeast Atlantic, Baltic and Mediterranean regions.


OBJECTIVES

The main objective of LIFE CIBBRiNA is to minimise and, where possible, eliminate bycatch mortality of priority ETP species. This will be achieved through EU cross-border and cross-sectoral cooperation, involving industry, scientists, authorities and other relevant stakeholders, to establish regionally coordinated mitigation, monitoring and assessment programmes.

The specific objectives are:

  • To establish regional monitoring programmes to achieve a steep change in the reliability of bycatch estimates;
  • To develop methods to assess the conservation implications of incidental bycatch in data-rich and data-poor situations;
  • To create a ‘safe environment’ to share information and develop viable solutions for all stakeholders involved;
  • To develop, demonstrate, promote and stimulate innovative, effective techniques, methods and approaches to reduce the mortality of marine ETP species, including through bycatch;
  • To optimise, develop and evaluate mitigation methods and recommend the most appropriate tools while working to ensure their long-term implementation;
  • To support effective mitigation by implementing successful monitoring programmes in cooperation with the Regional Coordination Groups (RCGs);
  • To gain support from all stakeholders by assessing and successfully addressing the socio-economic implications of proposed measures;
  • To achieve successful cross-border cooperation, for implementation of recommended measures, among governmental organisations, the fisheries sector including RCGs, NGOs and scientists;
  • To secure long-term funding for the continuation and long-term sustainability of recommended incidental bycatch mitigation measures.

CIBBRiNA will ensure the long-term sustainability of the recommended procedures by embedding these in policy and best practice going forward.


RESULTS

The expected results of CIBBRiNA are:

  • Overall bycatch mortality rate reduction of 50 % due to a better mitigation framework adopted across the EU, through a combination of avoiding bycatch and, for elasmobranchs and turtles, improved survival in the targeted case-study fisheries;
  • More than 70 % of the participating stakeholders in 13 EU Member States indicate increased collaboration between fishers, fisher organisations, scientists, NGOs and government organisations has been established on identifying and mitigating bycatch of ETP species;
  • Over 120 fishers have participated in CIBBRiNA case studies, conducted in a safe environment;
  • Incentivization strategies have been successfully deployed in 75 % of the CIBBRiNA case studies;
  • Some 30 % of fishing vessels in the participating fleets have adopted the demonstrated work principles and available mitigation measures;
  • At least 40 % of participating fishers or fisheries organizations experience a decrease in barriers for the mitigation of bycatch that have been identified and tackled by the CIBBRiNA project;
  • More than 40 % of the fishers indicate they are better able to identify priority ETP species as a result of participating in CIBBRiNA activities;
  • Assessment of the conservation implications of incidental bycatch of priority ETP species complete;
  • The decision support tool, an innovative toolbox is available and being used;
  • The developed monitoring methods are used in more than 80 % of the targeted fisheries and 80 % of participating countries collaborate on the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) article 11 processes regarding fisheries bycatch measures;
  • National bycatch plans for recommended mitigation actions in different fishing fleets in a majority of the 13 participating European countries and at the regional level via the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR), the Helsinki Commission or HELCOM, and the appropriate species level treaties e.g. the Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas (ASCOBANS) to be rolled out;
  • A long-term stakeholder engagement strategy, including securing funding mechanisms for 60 % or more of the fishers for monitoring and mitigation is in place.

ADMINISTRATIVE DATA


Reference: LIFE22-NAT-NL-LIFE-CIBBRiNA/101114301
Acronym: LIFE22-NAT-NL-LIFE CIBBRiNA
Start Date: 01/09/2023
End Date: 31/08/2029
Total Eligible Budget: 12,398,645 €
EU Contribution: 8,307,092 €

CONTACT DETAILS


Coordinating Beneficiary: De Staat, Vertegenwoordigd door de minister van Landbouw, Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit
Legal Status: PUBLIC
Address: BEZUIDENHOUTSEWEG 73, POSTBUS 20401, 2594 AC, DEN HAAG,
Contact Person: Anne-Marie Svoboda
Email: Send Email
Website: Visit Website


LIFE Project Map

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ADDRESSED

THEMES

  • Fish
  • Mammals
  • Reptiles
  • Fisheries
  • Birds

KEYWORDS

  • marine conservation area
  • migratory species
  • monitoring
  • biodiversity
  • monitoring system
  • environmental management
  • nature conservation
  • marine environment
  • multidisciplinary cooperation
  • behavioural change
  • bycatch
  • compliance
  • disturbance to wildlife
  • mammals
  • marine birds
  • marine litter
  • marine protected area
  • vertebrates
  • vessels

TARGET EU LEGISLATION

  • Directive 2008/56 - Framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (17.06.2008)
  • COM(2020) 380 EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 Bringing nature back into our lives (20.05.2020.) 
  • Regulation (EU) 2019/1241 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conservation of fisheries resources and the protection of marine ecosystems through technical measures, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1967/2006, (EC) No 1224/2009 and Regulations (EU) No 1380/2013, (EU) 2016/1139, (EU) 2018/973, (EU) 2019/472 and (EU) 2019/1022 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 894/97, (EC) No 850/98, (EC) No 2549/2000, (EC) No 254/2002, (EC) No 812/2004 and (EC) No 2187/2005 (20.06.2019.)
  • Directive 2009/147 - Conservation of wild birds - Birds Directive (codified version of Directive 79/409/EEC as amended) (30.11.2009)
  • Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 Common Fisheries Policy (11.12.2013) -
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directive (21.05.1992)

PARTNERSHIPS

Name Type
De Staat, Vertegenwoordigd door de minister van Landbouw, Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit Coordinator
INSTITUT ROYAL DES SCIENCES NATURELLES DE BELGIQUE Participant
SEAS AT RISK VZW Participant
EIGEN VERMOGEN VAN HET INSTITUUT VOOR LANDBOUW- EN VISSERIJONDERZOEK Participant
JOHANN HEINRICH VON THUENEN-INSTITUT, BUNDESFORSCHUNGSINSTITUT FUER LAENDLICHE RAEUME, WALD UND FISCHEREI Participant
STIFTUNG TIERAERZTLICHE HOCHSCHULE HANNOVER Participant
Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Danish AgriFish Agency Participant
DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET Participant
INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR THE EXPLORATION OF THE SEA Participant
DANMARKS PELAGISKE PRODUCENTORGANISATION FORENING Participant
UNIVERSIDAD DE SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA Participant
AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS Participant
FUNDACION AZTI - AZTI FUNDAZIOA Participant
MINISTERIO DE AGRICULTURA, PESCA Y ALIMENTACION Participant
MINISTERIO PARA LA TRANSICION ECOLOGICA Y EL RETO DEMOGRAFICO Participant
CENTRO TECNOLOGICO DEL MAR - FUNDACION CETMAR Participant
INSTITUT FRANCAIS DE RECHERCHE POUR L'EXPLOITATION DE LA MER Participant
LA ROCHELLE UNIVERSITE Participant
OFFICE FRANCAIS DE LA BIODIVERSITE Participant
KILLYBEGS FISHERMEN'S ORGANISATION LIMITED COOPERATIVE SOCIETY Participant
MARINE INSTITUTE Participant
HAFRANNSOKNASTOFNUN, RANNSOKNA- OG RADGJAFARSTOFNUN HAFS OG VATNA Participant
Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries Participant
HAVFORSKNINGSINSTITUTTET Participant
STICHTING WAGENINGEN RESEARCH Participant
UNIVERSITEIT UTRECHT Participant
PELAGIC FREEZER TRAWLER ASSOCIATION Participant
STICHTING DE NOORDZEE Participant
SECRETARIA REGIONAL DO MAR E DAS PESCAS Participant
INSTITUTO PORTUGUES DO MAR E DA ATMOSFERA IP Participant
ANP - ASSOCIACAO NATUREZA PORTUGAL Participant
DIRECCAO-GERAL DE RECURSOS NATURAIS, SEGURANCA E SERVICOS MARITIMOS Participant
FISHFIX LDA Participant
SECRETARIA REGIONAL DE MAR E PESCA Participant
Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi Participant
MORSKI INSTYTUT RYBACKI - PANSTWOWY INSTYTUT BADAWCZY Participant
SVERIGES LANTBRUKSUNIVERSITET Participant
INTERNATIONAL WHALING COMMISSION Participant
MINDFULLY WIRED COMMUNICATIONS LTD Participant
SCOTTISH PELAGIC FISHERMEN'S ASSOCIATION LIMITED Participant
UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW Participant
SEA WATCH FOUNDATION THE CETACEAN MONITORING UNIT Participant
THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS Participant
UNIVERSITY OF THE HIGHLANDS AND ISLANDS Participant
THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS Participant