This project targets six plant species and three dry grassland habitats in 17 Slovakian Natura 2000 sites as well as seven sites in Hungary in the contact zone of the Pannonian and Alpine bioregions. The plants comprise Linum dolomiticum, Ferula sadleriana, Vincetoxicum pannonicum, Dianthus lumnitzeri, Tephroseris longifolia subsp. moravica and Crambe tataria, the first five of which are endemic. The main threats to these species and habitats are: excessive pressure from visitors and game; overgrowth by non-native and invasive alien species (IAS), including trees and shrubs; absence of traditional management; extreme microclimatic conditions; habitat fragmentation and small populations; and lack of scientific knowledge and public awareness.
The main objective of LIFE endemic PANALP is to improve the conservation status of the six plant species and three dry grassland habitats targeted. For the endemic species, the projects actions will cover the majority or the whole population. It will use a complex set of conservation measures, addressing all the main threats (trampling and soil erosion caused by tourists and paragliders, pressure from game, non-native and IAS shrubs, extreme microclimate) and improve their situation long term. Minor restoration actions are also planned for five insect species listed in annexes II and IV of the EUs Habitats Directive, namely: the large blue (Maculinea arion), clouded Apollo (Parnassius mnemosyne), Apollo (Parnassius apollo) and Eriogaster catax butterflies and the great capricorn beetle (Cerambyx cerdo). This work will restore a mosaic of stepping stones, increasing the functionality and overall connectivity of the restored Natura 2000 sites within the project area.
LIFE endemic PANALP will contribute to implementation of the EUs Habitats Directive and the IAS Regulation, as well as the political framework for tourism in Europe (COM/2010/0352), while being fully in line with the national prioritised action frameworks of Hungary and Slovakia for financing the Natura 2000 network. The project also aims to improve the setting of common agricultural policy eco-schemes in Slovakia.