LIFE Project Cover Photo

Generate REsiliENt actions agaiNst the HEat islAnd effect on uRban Territory

Reference: LIFE18 CCA/FR/001150 | Acronym: LIFE Green Heart



The impacts of climate change are already perceptible in the urban area of Toulouse, which has been affected by extreme weather conditions such as heatwaves, water scarcity and heavy rainfall. These extreme events will become more frequent and intense; it is therefore necessary to put in place solutions to reduce the vulnerability of the territory.

In particular, the effect of heatwaves is amplified by the urban heat island (UHI) effect, which is a micro-climate phenomenon leading to higher temperatures in localisedurban areas, due to the morphology and materials used to build cities as well as human activities. The UHI effect increases the ambient air temperature by an average of 4C in Toulouse, in comparison with the temperature in rural neighbouring zones. This is the case on the Ile du Ramier, which has hosted Toulouses large exhibition centre since 1950. In 2020, the relocation of this building to a less dense and more accessible area (near the airport) is foreseen, freeing space in the heart of Toulouse for regreening.


The main objective of the LIFE Green Heart project is to reduce the local temperature by 3C on average during heatwave events on an area of 30 hectares located on the Ile du Ramier in Toulouse, by counteracting the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. Surrounding neighbourhoods will also benefit from this cooling effect.

The Green Heart projects overall aim is to increase the resilience of Toulouse Mtropoles territory to climate change. The project includes four operational objectives to address the causes and consequences of the UHI effect: 1. Increasing the green space surface area by 15 hectares by 2024 (including riverside vegetation), using adapted plants and planting methods; 2. Restoring biodiversity by consolidating the green and blue infrastructure; 3. Limiting air and noise pollution by developing routes for soft modes of transport (e.g. cycle lanes); and 4. Creating tools to support the development of long-term urban development policy, considering the challenges posed by adapting the territory to climate change.

The project aims to contribute to the EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 (COM(2011)244) and the Roadmap for a Resource Efficient Europe (COM(2011)571). At the local level, the project aims at implementing the Territorial Climate Energy Plan of Toulouse Mtropole for 2018-2023.


Expected results:

  • air temperature reduced by 3C on average in the areas with urban regreening implementation during intense heat periods;
  • green space surface area in the city centre increased from 3 hectares to 19 hectares by 2024;
  • surface area of the riverside vegetation increased by 50% between 2018 and 2024;
  • a continuity of 4 km of the green and blue infrastructure networks;
  • biodiversity restoration across 30 hectares;
  • 800 parking spaces deleted (70%) compared to 2018;
  • creation of walking and cycling routes on a total area of 5.6 hectares; and
  • reduction of noise pollution by 3 dBs.

    Reference: LIFE18 CCA/FR/001150
    Acronym: LIFE Green Heart
    Start Date: 01/09/2019
    End Date: 01/09/2024
    Total Eligible Budget: 3,832,000 €
    EU Contribution: 2,107,600 €
    Project Location:


    Coordinating Beneficiary: Toulouse Metropole
    Legal Status: PAT
    Address: 6, rue Ren Leduc, 31505, TOULOUSE, France
    Contact Person: Theleme Auzonne
    Email: Send Email
    Website: Visit Website

    LIFE Project Map



    • Green infrastructure
    • Urban design (urban-rural)
    • Resilient communities


    • urban area
    • urban planning
    • noise reduction
    • river management
    • climate change adaptation
    • climate resilience
    • Covenant of Mayors
    • biodiversity
    • nature-based solutions
    • urban heat island


    • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020” (03.05.2011)
    • COM(2013)216 - EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change (16.04.2013)


    Name Type
    Météo-France Participant
    Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf Participant
    WaltR Participant
    Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès (until 31/12/2020) Participant
    Université de Caen Normandie (from 01/01/2021) Participant