LIFE Project Cover Photo

Innovative use of mycological resources for resilient & productive Mediterranean forests threatened by climate change

Reference: LIFE18 CCA/ES/001110 | Acronym: LIFE MycoRestore



Mediterranean forests are currently facing serious abiotic and biotic stresses. The most prevalent abiotic stress is drought. Climate change models predict that the Mediterranean will be exposed to more frequent and severe droughts, which can in turn exacerbate forest fires. Forests are also affected by biotic stresses, including a variety of pests and pathogens that weaken and kill forest flora, putting the health of the whole forest ecosystem at risk. These Mediterranean forests serve as biodiversity refuges and important carbon sinks. Fungi are a fundamental pillar of biodiversity, both below ground (mycelia) and above ground (mushrooms), support numerous ecosystem services, and may serve as a defining tool for forests to adapt to climate change.


LIFE MycoRestore seeks to utilise diverse mycological resources and forest management practices to contribute to the biological resilience of Mediterranean forests. It also aims at generating new income sources and ensuring the stability of forest ecosystem services while addressing the effects of climate change.

The projects main objectives are to:

  • Demonstrate sustainable mycological and forestry management practices to increase forest resistance to fires and drought (MycoForestry);
  • Promote green jobs in rural economies based on wood processing and innovative high-value mushroom products. The project will demonstrate a circular economy approach to mushroom and substrate production supply chains (MycoEconomy); and
  • Provide proof of concept on the use of natural myco-control products and native fungal species for reduced pest/pathogen presence in forests (MycoControl).


    Expected results: The LIFE MycoRestore project will demonstrate sustainable forestry activities using mycological resources on 305 ha of Mediterranean forests, increasing their resilience to climate change and enhancing the ecosystem services they provide. This is directly linked to the EU Forest Strategy, EU Biodiversity Strategy, the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) Regulation, and EU strategies on Adaptation to Climate Change and Climate Change Mitigation. The project is also aligned with the EU Circular Economy Strategy and the Biomass Action Plan.


    Specifically, the project expects the following results: MycoForestry:

  • improved soil health (average 13%) through increased soil organic carbon, water retention capacity, pH, soil structure, and microbiological activity, and decreased presence of fungal pathogens;
  • increased biodiversity (15%) by increasing the population and quantity of beneficial fungal communities, and mushrooms that serve as a focus for biodiversity;
  • diminished available fire fuel load by about 41 tonnes/ha from mixed thinning and inoculation activities that increase the rate of decay of woody organic material.


  • generated revenue of 333 000 from sales of processed wood, mushrooms and mushroom substrate, and expanded business services;
  • creation of at least the equivalent to 29 full-time green jobs directly and indirectly by providing high-skill training to individuals at risk of social exclusion;
  • around 1 360 tonnes of CO2 emissions avoided through reduced transport of forest goods and a shorter supply chain for mushroom producers.


  • reduced presence of pests and pathogens (25%) through biocontrol activities which will improve overall tree health and forest resilience.

    During replication, the size of the area will be scaled 10 times, to at least 3 015 ha by expanding activities into other sites and also into greater areas of the demonstration sites that total 18 034 ha.


    Reference: LIFE18 CCA/ES/001110
    Acronym: LIFE MycoRestore
    Start Date: 01/07/2019
    End Date: 30/06/2023
    Total Eligible Budget: 2,975,549 €
    EU Contribution: 1,575,135 €
    Project Location:


    Coordinating Beneficiary: Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Cientificas
    Legal Status: PAT
    Address: C/ Serrano 117, 28006, Madrid, España
    Contact Person: Álvaro PEIX
    Email: Send Email
    Website: Visit Website

    LIFE Project Map



    • Natural resources and ecosystems
    • Forest management
    • Natural risks (Flood - Forest fire - Landslide)


    • forest fire
    • biodiversity
    • mushroom
    • forest management
    • rural development
    • pest control
    • agroforestry
    • climate change adaptation


    • COM(2015)614 - "Closing the loop - An EU action plan for the Circular Economy" (02.12.2015)
    • COM(2014)15 - Policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 to 2030 (22.01.2014)
    • COM(2013)216 - EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change (16.04.2013)
    • COM(2013)659 - A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector (20.09.2013)
    • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020” (03.05.2011)


    Name Type
    IPSP-CNR(Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche Istituto Per La Protezione Sostenibile Delle Piante), Italy Participant
    CERDEIRA(Colquida, Lda), Portugal Participant
    IDFOREST(Biotecnología Forestal Aplicada S.L.), Spain Participant
    VOLTERRA(Volterra Ecosystems SL), Spain Participant
    UVA(Universidad de Valladolid), Spain Participant
    SOCFOREST (Socialforest S.L.), Spain (until 12 April 2021) Participant
    MYCELIO(Myco Life S.L.), Spain Participant