The Greek national adaptation strategy that was adopted in 2016 has a 10-year time horizon and outlines broad policy directions and adaptation actions in vulnerable sectors. These include natural ecosystems and biodiversity, agriculture and food security, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture, water resources, coastal zones, tourism, human health, energy and industry (including mining), transport, the built environment, cultural heritage, the insurance industry and the banking sector. The core objectives of the strategy are to improve decision-making for climate change adaptation; link adaptation with a sustainable development model through regional and local action plans; promote adaptation policies in actions in sectors identified as vulnerable; establish a system of monitoring the effectiveness of adaptation policies and actions; and make Greek society more resilient to climate change impacts through increased awareness. The 13 regional authorities of Greece are obliged to develop regional adaptation action plans and are able to make use of European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) to implement the national strategy. It should be noted that although more than 40 Greek cities have already committed to the Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy-2030, interventions to address climate-related risks are poorly integrated due to the limited capacity of some local authorities involved.
The overall goal of the LIFE-IP AdaptInGR project is to support the implementation of the national adaptation strategy in Greece. To this end it will build national and regional capacity for coordinating, prioritising, monitoring and mainstreaming adaptation policy actions. Pilot projects will be developed in priority sectors for 3 regions and 5 municipalities. This replication pool of real world experiences will form part of a knowledge base of resources to guide and support national, regional and local authorities in the detailed planning and assessment of adaptation-relevant actions. Awareness campaigns will seek to win the commitment of public and private sector stakeholders to effective adaptation action. The project will also identify suitable funding schemes and programmes for the further implementation of the adaptation measures at local, regional and national level. In addition, it will develop and disseminate strategies, guidelines, and best practices to transfer and replicate lessons learnt throughout Greece, at EU level and in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Finally, it will frame the next cycle of adaptation planning through an evidence-based review of the national adaptation strategy and regional adaptation action plans to identify emerging adaptation priorities and measures to feed into the post-2020 ESIF programming period. Expected results: