METRO ADAPT: enhancing climate change adaptation strategies and measures in the Metropolitan City of Milan

Reference: LIFE17 CCA/IT/000080 | Acronym: LIFE METRO ADAPT



Southern Europe is particularly vulnerable to the impact of climate change (the Mediterranean basin in particular), according to most climate models. It will experience a notable increase in temperature, stress on water sources and extreme weather events. The European strategy on climate change adaptation of 2013 promotes actions in Member States to adapt to climate change through a range of guidelines, studies and tools. In line with this EU priority, Italy adopted its National Adaptation Plan in 2017, with emphasis on the Po Valley, where the territory of the Città Metropolotina di Milano(CMM)is located. This area has a high number of hot days and consecutive dry days and the NPA forecasts indicate that it is likely that the number of summer days will increase along with winter precipitation. The Paris Agreement, along with the new Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, recognises that urban centers have a crucial role to play in the adaptation process.


LIFE METRO ADAPT aims to mainstream adaptation strategies and measures in the development of a territorial plan for CMM and in the planning and building rules of the 134 CMM municipalities. It will achieve this aim through the adoption of an innovative approach that identifies the role of intermediate governing bodies. The project also plans to promote nature-based solutions to meet a range of objectives, such as the reduction of the flooding risk and the heat-island effect, while also regenerating neglected urban spaces.

The project plans moreover to enhance bottom-up initiatives and thus increase citizen awareness and engagement in issues related to climate change adaptation. The implementation of demonstration facilities will directly involve stakeholders from the building sector and engineering professionals working in water management. Furthermore, the project will develop innovative meteorological satellite data and high precision soil sealing maps, in order to produce detailed vulnerability analysis (focusing in particular on heat islands and floods). The aim is to ensure the availability of information specific to each municipality.

Finally, the project aims to develop a network of metropolitan areas in Italy and elsewhere in Europe to enhance the mainstreaming of adaptation policies and measures and support the implementation of nature-based solutions.

Expected results:

  • Guidelines for vulnerability assessment shared and discussed with 10 Italian Metropolitan Cities;
  • 134 datasets usable for the adaptation baseline of the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy available to all CMM municipalities;
  • At least 15 meetings of the Climate Knowledge Network supporting the CMM territorial plan;
  • Legal standards and rules enhancing resilience measures in local planning tools to be implemented in at least 10 municipalities;
  • Two nature-based solution feasibility studies for the set-up of two demonstrationfacilities in Solaro and Masate;
  • At least 75 technicians participating in three technical workshops on nature-based solutions implementation and 75 more visiting the demonstration construction sites;
  • Seven local information events (theatrical performances) and seven local thematic seminars;
  • A handbook in English to be distributed through the ALDA and EMA networks;
  • Two mutual learning events in EU cities and two workshops held in Italian cities;
  • Three meetings involving Legambiente local groups: one in Florence, one in Bologna and one on a national level in Rispescia; and
  • Three webinars for transferring the project results at the EU level and the transferring of at least three adaptation measures in the River Contracts Action Plans.


    Reference: LIFE17 CCA/IT/000080
    Start Date: 03/09/2018
    End Date: 30/09/2021
    Total Budget: 1,306,010 €
    EU Contribution: 670,417 €
    Project Location:


    Coordinating Beneficiary: CITTA METROPOLITANA DI MILANO
    Legal Status: PAT
    Address: Via Vivaio n.1, 20122, Milano, Italia
    Contact Person: Cinzia DAVOLI
    Tel: 39 338 6133052

    LIFE Project Map



    • Resilient communities


    • flood
    • urban area
    • climate change adaptation
    • nature-based solutions


    • COM(2012)673 -"A Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources"
    • Directive 2007/60 - Assessment and management of flood risks (23.10.2007)
    • COM(2013)216 - EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change (16.04.2013)
    • COM(2013) 249 final “Communication from the Commission on Green Infrastructure (GI) - Enhancing Europe’s Natural Capital” (06.05.2013)
    • Directive 2000/60 - Framework for Community action in the field of water policy (23.10.2000)


    Name Type
    Association des Agences de la Democratie Locale, France Participant
    Ambiente Italia srl, Italy Participant
    CAP Holding S.p.A., Italy Participant
    Legambiente Lombardia Onlus, Italy Participant
    e-GEOS s.p.a., Italy Participant