Southern Europe is particularly vulnerable to the impact of climate change (the Mediterranean basin in particular), according to most climate models. It will experience a notable increase in temperature, stress on water sources and extreme weather events. The European strategy on climate change adaptation of 2013 promotes actions in Member States to adapt to climate change through a range of guidelines, studies and tools. In line with this EU priority, Italy adopted its National Adaptation Plan in 2017, with emphasis on the Po Valley, where the territory of the Città Metropolotina di Milano(CMM)is located. This area has a high number of hot days and consecutive dry days and the NPA forecasts indicate that it is likely that the number of summer days will increase along with winter precipitation. The Paris Agreement, along with the new Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, recognises that urban centers have a crucial role to play in the adaptation process.
LIFE METRO ADAPT aims to mainstream adaptation strategies and measures in the development of a territorial plan for CMM and in the planning and building rules of the 134 CMM municipalities. It will achieve this aim through the adoption of an innovative approach that identifies the role of intermediate governing bodies. The project also plans to promote nature-based solutions to meet a range of objectives, such as the reduction of the flooding risk and the heat-island effect, while also regenerating neglected urban spaces.
The project plans moreover to enhance bottom-up initiatives and thus increase citizen awareness and engagement in issues related to climate change adaptation. The implementation of demonstration facilities will directly involve stakeholders from the building sector and engineering professionals working in water management. Furthermore, the project will develop innovative meteorological satellite data and high precision soil sealing maps, in order to produce detailed vulnerability analysis (focusing in particular on heat islands and floods). The aim is to ensure the availability of information specific to each municipality.
Finally, the project aims to develop a network of metropolitan areas in Italy and elsewhere in Europe to enhance the mainstreaming of adaptation policies and measures and support the implementation of nature-based solutions.