LIFE Project Cover Photo

Improving human coexistence with large carnivores in Europe through communication and transboundary cooperation




Out of the 33 populations of European large carnivores, only four can be found within a single country, implying that 88% are trans-boundary in nature. Some of the populations span as many as eight EU member states. Given that legislations, socio-economic conditions, management approaches, acceptance levels, protection status and many other parameters differ (sometimes very strongly) among countries, introducing population level management and conservation methods can be a challenge. This problem is rooted in the lack of coordinated action and insufficient communication among conservation actors, authorities and stakeholders in different countries. The project will establish instruments to help overcome the following main barriers to transboundary cooperation:

  • A lack of awareness of conservation actors, local and national authorities of the importance of communicating, coordinating management and monitoring large carnivores;
  • A gap in the communication capacity of the aforementioned actors;
  • A lack of knowledge on how to reduce human-wildlife conflicts and how to maximise the benefits that large carnivores bring, such as the ecological role they play and heir socio-economic impact; and
  • A lack of regional, national and Europe-wide exchange on best practices among affected communities, stakeholders and authorities (e.g. livestock protection measures, tourism concepts).


    EUROLARGECARNIVORES aims to improve transboundary cooperation and population management of large carnivores in Europe. Specifically, it aims to:

  • Boost awareness among local and national authorities and introduce communication tools that are customised to the geographical and cultural situation;
  • Inform and actively engage key actors in a consensus-driven approach on their needs and responsibilities;
  • Develop cross-border, interdisciplinary pathways to engage formerly passive actors and bring new perspectives and knowledge to large carnivore management;
  • Contribute to an EU-wide common understanding of stakeholder-oriented population based large carnivore conservation strategies;
  • Contribute to the implementation of the EU policy paper "Key actions for large carnivore populations in Europe";
  • Give added value to existing large carnivores projects (LIFE and other programmes) by promoting their results and sharing best practices;
  • Provide local stakeholders such as farmers with direct engagement opportunities and customised learning experiences through a trusted peer-to-peer approach; and
  • Provide support to EU policy development through concrete documentation of the contribution to the abovementioned EU policy paper.
  • Expected results: Comprehensive, EU-wide knowledge base:

  • Data collection/database on existing approaches and projects covering the entire EU territory, collection and promotion of best-practice; and
  • EU-wide stakeholder map on population level focusing on the five key areas targeted by the project.
  • Establishment and fostering of EU-wide networks and platforms:

  • Multi-stakeholder network of local and national authorities covering all authorities responsible for population-based conservation of large carnivores; and
  • EU-wide exchange platform on large carnivores for experts, stakeholders and the wider public.
  • Communication and implementation plans:

  • EU-wide communication plan including provisions for all regions and instruments, links to materials and references, with differentiation between cultural approaches; and
  • National and cross-border stakeholder engagement plans.
  • Dissemination and communication:

  • Guidelines for effective livestock protection;
  • Media relation sets on large carnivores available in all partner languages;
  • At least 40 regional to trans-national workshops and one international conference, with more than 3 000 participants attending;
  • Magical moments campaign showcasing the successful relationships between humans and large carnivores including personal stories; and
  • Promotion and information campaigns on every website of the WWF, as well as on at least 10 national and regional websites.
  • Contribution to research:

  • Two surveys on stakeholder attitudes; and
  • Comprehensive desk research on existing knowledge and knowledge gaps.


    Reference: LIFE16 GIE/DE/000661
    Start Date: 01/09/2017
    End Date: 28/02/2022
    Total Eligible Budget: 6,030,768 €
    EU Contribution: 3,613,823 €
    Project Location:


    Coordinating Beneficiary: World Wide Fund For Nature Germany
    Legal Status: PNC
    Address: Reinhardtstr. 18, 10117, Berlin,
    Contact Person: Moritz KLOSE
    Email: Send Email
    Website: Visit Website

    LIFE Project Map



    • Public and Stakeholders participation
    • Mammals


    • animal corridor
    • animal damage
    • hunting
    • monitoring
    • nature conservation
    • endangered species


    • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directive (21.05.1992)
    • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020” (03.05.2011)


    Name Type
    World Wide Fund For Nature Germany Coordinator
    World Wide Fund for Nature Austria, Austria Participant
    World Wide Fund for Nature Switzerland, Switzerland Participant
    World Wide Fund for Nature Finland, Finland Participant
    eimc2 GmbH elmauer institute managing consensus 2, Germany Participant
    Forstliche Versuchs- und Forschungsanstalt Baden-Württemberg, Germany Participant
    WWF Világ Természeti Alap Magyarország Alapítvány, Hungary Participant
    WWF Mediterranean Foundation, Italy Participant
    Società Cooperativa Sociale Eliante Onlus, Italy Participant
    World Wide Fund for Nature Poland - Fundacja WWF Polska, Poland Participant
    WWF Programul Dunare Carpati Romania, Romania Participant
    World Wide Fund for Nature Adria, Croatia Participant
    Umweltorganisation WWF International Danube-Carpathian Programme, Austria Participant


    Type Resource
    Project web site Project's website
    Poster LIFE EuroLargeCarnivores poster
    Publication "A2 Final Report - Stakeholder Analysis"
    Publication "European perspectives on coexistence with large carnivores"
    Video link "Thomas Wagner - WikiWolves volunteers support shepherds" (2') (
    Video link "Swen Keller uses livestock guard dogs and electric fences to prevent livestock losses to wolves" (2') (
    Video link "Samuel Hribik about the difficulties of being a shepherd when wolves are around" (2') (
    Video link "Ivana Resutikova - large carnivores as a chance for tourism" (2') (
    Video link "Wojciech Juda tells his story of coexistence with large carnivores" (2') (
    Video link "Karolina Superson-Góra uses electric fences to protect her bee yard" (2') (
    Video link "Grzegorz Łabaj prevents livestock losses with electric fences" (2') (
    Video link Sofia Berdasco, shepherd and moutain guide, tells about her experience with wolves (4') (
    Video link "Juan - being a shepherd is a way of living" (4') (
    Video link Fernando talks about his experience with wolves (4') (
    Video link Alarco tells about coexistence with large carnivores (5') (
    Video link Tore talks about coexistence with Large Carnivores (3') (
    Video link Nora talks about coexistence with large carnivores (2') (
    Video link Andre talks about coexistence with large carnivores (2') (
    Video link Italian shephers talk about coexistence with large carnivores (2') (
    Video link "Laszlo Horvath: Nature is complete with large carnivores" (4') (
    Video link "Istvan Haluska - Animal husbandry among wolves" (4') (
    Video link "Abraham Szep: Guardians of the flock" (4') (
    Video link Talks on coexistence with large carnivores with French shepherds (2') (
    Video link Zbyszek Wentuła talks about coexistence with large carnivores (1') (
    Video link Kamil Puchyr talks about coexistence with large carnivores (1') (
    Video link "Tamás Erdős: The Hunter and the Wolf" (4') (
    Video link "Ondrej Galko - from lynx hunting to research" (2') (
    Video link "Tamara Tesakova enjoys living in a country with wolf, bear and lynx" (2') (
    Video link "Yannick Lamazou - of cheese and bears" (2') (
    Leaflet "Finding local solutions for coexistence"