LIFE Project Cover Photo

Life for Silver Coast

Reference: LIFE16 ENV/IT/000337 | Acronym: LIFE_SC



The Argentario Coast of Tuscany, which includes the Maremma Regional Park is a unique environment with many protected wetlands that are crucial for the conservation of protected bird species. The Argentario Coast is a popular tourist destination, with the population augmented by up to 300 000 tourists per year, including 80 000 each August. Public transport services are unable to cope with this influx of visitors, leading to widespread use of private cars and subsequent negative impacts on local mobility and the environment.


The LIFE_SC project aims to develop a sustainable tourist mobility programme on this stretch of the Italian coast. The goal is to integrate the benefits of public and private transport, encouraging people to shift from the concept of owning a means of transport to that of accessing integrated mobility services, where inhabitants and tourists can access private or public transport services, depending on their needs and destination.

The project will create an integrated mobility network in three coastal towns/municipalities (Monte Argentario, Orbetello and Isola del Giglio), combining public and shared transport services, which will be operated for two years. It will develop:

  • A sharing system for electric bikes and small electric cars;
  • New connections, served by electric boats, between the beaches of Orbetello, Giannella and Feniglia;
  • Electric boats adapted to sea operations for tourist connections between the Argentario Coast and Giglio Island;
  • An electric shuttle bus between Orbetello train station and the town centre; and
  • An integrated mobility platform that will allow users to travel on all services, including ferries, using a single ticketing system.

    The project will thus contribute to the EU's sustainable urban mobility and air quality policies, as well as the target of achieving a 60% reduction in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from transport by 2050. It will also help promote the EU transport policy goals of optimising performance, increasing efficiency and moving closer to zero fatalities in road transport by 2050.

    Expected results:

  • A 10% increase in public transport services in the project area; and
  • The reduction of pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions, by the following estimated amounts: 1 200 tonnes of CO2, 8 tonnes of carbon monoxide, 0.75 tonnes of nitrogen oxides and 0.14 tonnes of particulate matter.


    Reference: LIFE16 ENV/IT/000337
    Acronym: LIFE_SC
    Start Date: 01/07/2017
    End Date: 31/12/2022
    Total Eligible Budget: 4,872,779 €
    EU Contribution: 2,841,830 €
    Project Location:


    Coordinating Beneficiary: Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications of "Sapienza" University of Rome
    Legal Status: PAT
    Address: via Eudossiana 18, 00184, Rome,
    Contact Person: Fabio Massimo FRATTALE MASCIOLI
    Email: Send Email
    Website: Visit Website

    LIFE Project Map



    • Transport planning - Traffic monitoring
    • Air pollutants


    • air quality management
    • electric vehicle
    • transport planning
    • mobility


    • COM (2013/0918) - A Clean Air Programme for Europe (18.12.2013)
    • COM(2013)913 - "Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility " (17.12.2013)
    • Directive 2008/50/EC - Ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe (21.05.2008)


    Name Type
    Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications of "Sapienza" University of Rome Coordinator
    UNeed.IT OÜ, Estonia Participant
    Primordial srls, Italy Participant
    Green Action srl, Italy Participant
    Comune di Isola del Giglio, Italy Participant
    Newave Italia srl, Italy Participant
    Comune di Monte Argentario, Italy Participant
    Enel Energia SpA, Italy Participant
    Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Ambientale - Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy Participant
    Comune di Orbetello, Italy Participant
    Enel X Italia SpA Participant
    ENEL X MOBILITY Srl Participant