LIFE Project Cover Photo

Safeguard and valorization of the plant species of EU interest in the Natural Parks of the Abruzzo Apennine

Reference: LIFE15 NAT/IT/000946 | Acronym: FLORANET LIFE



Several plant species of EU importance, listed in the annexes of the Habitats Directive, are found in the Majella, Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise national parks and the Sirente Velino regional park. The species are under threat for several reasons. In particular, they are adversely affected by the growing impact of tourism, resulting in the unsustainable exploitation of the environment and its resources. Other factors include: the (illegal) collection of plants by tourists and locals; poor management and exploitation of pastures and grasslands through grazing and mowing; forest fires; and the natural dynamics of vegetation encroachment, the latter of which is leading to a general increase of the forested areas in the project sites.


The main project objective of FLORANET LIFE is to improve the conservation status of several plant species of EU concern, and listed in Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive, with particular emphasis on three priority species for conservation: Astragalus aquilanus, Klasea lycopifolia, and Jacobea vulgaris subsp. gotlandica. The other target species are: Iris marsica, Adonis distorta, Androsace mathildae and Cypripedium calceolus.

The target areas cover Natura 2000 network sites in three of the main protected areas of the Apennines i.e., the above-mentioned Majella, Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise national parks, and the Sirente Velino regional park.

In line with Italy’s National Strategy of Biodiversity, in-situ conservation activities, along with a variety of ex situ conservation measures, will be carried out on Cypripedium calceolus, Adonis distorta, Androsace mathildae, Iris marsica and Astragalus aquilanus in the Majella National Park; on Klasea lycopifolia, Jacobaea vulgaris subsp. gotlandica, Astragalus aquilanus and Adonis distorta in Sirente-Velino regional park; and on Cypripedium calceolus and Iris marsica in the Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise national parks.

Measures to protect the sites from grazing, mowing and tourism will be considered, along with the adoption of environmentally-friendly restoration techniques, including the production of plants grown ex-situ, analysis of germination processes of the germplasm of the targeted species, propagation in nursery and the cultivation in botanical gardens.

Finally, the project aims to increase awareness about the conservation issues in the target areas, particularly among local people and visitors to the parks.

Expected results: The project is expected to contribute to improving the conservation status of the target species of EU interest. A number of in-situ and ex-situ conservation measures will have been implemented including:

  • The collection of propagule (seeds, roots, fruits or other plant parts); and
  • Propagation in nurseries of a minimum number of 3 220 plants obtained from seeds and through micropropagation (plant tissue cultures aimed at producing around 200 plants of Adonis distorta, Androsace mathildae and Cypripedium calceolus).
  • Further measures achieved will include:

  • Removal of invasive trees and shrubs on a total surface of 12.5 ha in the target protected areas;
  • Placing of fences and shelters to ensure the protection of the sites under threat by extensive tourist activities, grazing and other human impacts;
  • Restocking and reintroduction of new populations of rare plants;
  • Promotion of best practices (for example regarding mowing); and
  • Implementation of sound management measures, including the re-definition of the boundaries of the relevant Natura 2000 sites.


    Reference: LIFE15 NAT/IT/000946
    Acronym: FLORANET LIFE
    Start Date: 18/07/2016
    End Date: 15/12/2021
    Total Eligible Budget: 1,731,233 €
    EU Contribution: 1,038,739 €
    Project Location:


    Coordinating Beneficiary: Ente Parco Nazionale della Majella
    Legal Status: PAT
    Address: Via Occidentale 6, 66016, Guardiagrele, Italia
    Contact Person: Luciano Di Martino
    Email: Send Email
    Website: Visit Website

    LIFE Project Map



    • Plants


    • conservation of genetic resources
    • environmental impact of agriculture
    • environmental impact of tourism
    • introduction of plant species
    • natural park
    • environmental awareness
    • restoration measure


    • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directive (21.05.1992)
    • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020” (03.05.2011)


    • 0 - Non applicable (i.e.species project)


    • Iris marsica
    • Jacobaea vulgaris ssp. gotlandica
    • Adonis distorta
    • Klasea lycopifolia
    • Astragalus aquilanus
    • Androsace mathildae
    • Cypripedium calceolus


    Type Code Name
    SPA IT7110130 Sirente Velino
    SPA IT7120132 Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise ed aree limitrofe
    SCI IT7110204 Maiella Sud Ovest
    SCI IT7140203 Maiella


    Name Type
    Ente Parco Nazionale della Majella Coordinator
    Università di Camerino, Italy Participant
    Ente Parco Naturale Regionale Sirente Velino, Italy Participant
    Legambiente onlus, Italy Participant
    Ente Parco Nazionale d’Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise, Italy Participant