Following the collapse of the Soviet bloc, many army firing ranges and training sites in former Warsaw Pact members such as the Czech Republic fell into disuse. The cessation of military training, abandonment of sites and succession processes have resulted in biodiversity loss. The impact of this trend has become more and more apparent in recent years.
Such abandoned military areas are important for scientific purposes and nature conservation for a number of reasons: The majority were established in the late 1940s and 1950s, when the landscape was much more diverse and hosted varieties of fauna and flora with higher abundance. The military importance of these areas had an unintended consequence: it preserved landscape diversity, since army training required different conditions, i.e. various biotope mosaics on heterogeneous landscape (areas with and without vegetation cover, holes, wet sites, etc.). Such diverse conditions have meant a wide variety of species, often with different habitat demands, may be found on a single tract of military land. Adding to their importance for biodiversity is the fact that such areas also avoided the intensive use of chemicals in farming and forestry prevalent on productive land from the 1960s onwards.
The overall objective of the Military LIFE for Nature project is to provide the suitable management of exceptionally valuable natural sites formed in the past by military training. Different management approaches will be adopted, thereby creating the optimum conditions for ensuring a favourable conservation status for the rare and endangered habitat types and species found therein. The project area comprises five sites: Bl?anský chlum, Ma?ovická st?elnice, Havranické v?esovi?t?, Na?eratický kopec and Pánov.
The target habitat types include semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies and priority Pannonic sand steppes, and others such as inland dunes, dry heaths, juniper formations, and siliceous rock ? all listed in the Annex II of the Habitats Directive as priority for conservation. Also targeted is the Annex II-listed priority butterfly species Jersey tiger (Euplagia (Callimorpha) quadripunctaria).
Specific objectives are:
Expected results: The project expects to achieve the following results: