Climate change mitigation is a crucial objective of the Kyoto Convention, and is oriented towards reducing GHG emissions. By 2013, the EU reduced its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 11%, a progress achieved through multidisciplinary strategic planning and applying measures in numerous EU policies. However, only forests? capacity as carbon sinks were taken into consideration in the calculations, while agricultural land and farming practices were not acknowledged in GHG accounting for storing carbon in soil. This may have possibly resulted in incorrect estimations of the carbon dioxide balance in the atmosphere.
Accurate monitoring and accounting of carbon stocks and fluxes is a serious challenge, which will result in an improved assessment of climate change and its impacts. The main indicator for measuring agricultural land and farming practices with regard to securing carbon stored in soil is the carbon dioxide balance with respect to CO2 capture and storage capacity through the application of land use, land use change and forestry.
In the EU, the agricultural sector has been embedded in a consistent strategic framework in the form of common agricultural policy (CAP) since 1954. In its latest reform (2013), the CAP acknowledged the significance of agriculture for climate change policy.
GHG emissions from stock breeding have been found to contribute significantly on a global level. On the other hand, agriculture is also a significant factor for carbon capture. The assessment of this capture and consequent storage of carbon in the form of plant tissues relates to the production of GHG during cultivation and to the annual life cycle of most crops.
The ClimaTree project aims to contribute to the development of a new methodology and provide policy-makers with an innovative tool for the quantification of carbon storage in permanent tree-crops. The primary objectives are to:
Expected results: The main expected results of ClimaTree are: