LIFE Project Cover Photo

Preventing flooding RIsks by Making resilient communitiES

Reference: LIFE14 CCA/IT/001280 | Acronym: LIFE PRIMES



In the past few decades, flooding events linked to climate change have been increasing, raising the costs borne by communities, in terms of human life and damage to environmental, social-cultural andeconomic assets. Local communities are now being called upon to be more active in developing adaptation strategies and implementing effective early warning systems to help build their own resilience.


The LIFE PRIMES project aimed to build resilient communities by engaging them in early warning and flood risk prevention measures. The project planned to meet the European challenge of adaptation management by:

  • standardising the procedures of risk management and flood prevention at trans-regional level, enhancing the coordination and management at civil protection level;
  • establishing a user-friendly web platform where all necessary information is collected and organised;
  • encouraging a proactive approach to risk management and flood prevention among local communities by involving them in implementing soft adaptation measures and actions, to strengthen their resilience against flood risk; and
  • establishing and spreading innovative forms of collaboration among civil protection agencies and civil society, raising awareness on adaptation to climate change and on the impact of risk alert patterns.


    The LIFE PRIMES project drew up integrated baseline scenarios up to 2050 using data from 1961 to 2015, achieving a common baseline climate scenario for three Italian Regions. Based on this outcome, the warning systems in the regions could be harmonised, including practices for data management and risk assessment and procedures to alert the population in case of extreme events. A common communication strategy was proposed along with tools to raise the awareness of citizens of hydro-geological and meteorological risks.

    Furthermore, the project created a toolkit for resilient communities, which included tutorials, guidelines for the development of local adaption action plans, best practices, guidelines for the compilation of local civic adapt action plans and reports on climate scenarios. A web-portal, with an interactive map, for sharing information from the three regions was also created. Weather alerts valid at the national level for three types of events (floods, landslides and storms) could be shared.

    Using these tools, more than 2 500 local adaption action plans were developed. A participatory approach was adopted, engaging around 2 800 people through workshops, alert simulations and demonstration actions. The plans proposed 108 adaptation actions, 27 of which were implemented.

    Notably, the perception of risk and the resilience of communities was evaluated before and after the project activities and the positive impact of the project was highlighted. For instance, the more influential macro-indicators for the improvement in social resilience have been (i) trust in institutions, (ii) awareness about territorial critical issues and climate related hazards and (iii) knowledge of alert systems and emergency procedures.

    Finally, the beneficiary has drawn up a memorandum of understanding approved by the beneficiaries and the municipalities involved in the project to continue the technical activities after the project end, including the proper management and update of the warning platform. Moreover, the beneficiaries have expressed interest in extending the PRIMES system to the whole territory of the three target regions as well as other Italian areas. The team established contacts with the regions Calabria, Piedmont and Umbria, while also promoting its outcomes at international events.

    All in all, the project strongly supported the implementation of the Floods Directive and reaching the targets defined by EU Adaptation Strategy and the European Climate Adaptation Platform.

    Further information on the project can be found in the project's layman report and After-LIFE Communication Plan (see "Read more" section).


    Reference: LIFE14 CCA/IT/001280
    Acronym: LIFE PRIMES
    Start Date: 01/10/2015
    End Date: 31/12/2018
    Total Eligible Budget: 2,366,767 €
    EU Contribution: 1,085,761 €
    Project Location:


    Coordinating Beneficiary: Agenzia regionale per la sicurezza territoriale e la protezione civile - Regione Emilia-Romagna
    Legal Status: PAT
    Address: Viale Silvani 6, 40122, Bologna, Italia
    Contact Person: Clarissa DONDI
    Email: Send Email
    Website: Visit Website

    LIFE Project Map



    • Resilient communities
    • Natural risks (Flood - Forest fire - Landslide)


    • social participation
    • risk management
    • flood protection


    • Directive 2007/60 - Assessment and management of flood risks (23.10.2007)
    • COM(2013)216 - EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change (16.04.2013)


    Name Type
    Agenzia regionale per la sicurezza territoriale e la protezione civile - Regione Emilia-Romagna Coordinator
    ERregione(Regione Emilia Romagna - Direzione Generale Ambiente e Difesa del Suolo e della Costa), Italy Participant
    RA(Regione Abruzzo), Italy Participant
    RM(Regione Marche), Italy Participant
    ARPA.EMR(ARPA Emilia Romagna), Italy Participant
    UNIVPM(Università Politecnica delle Marche), Italy Participant