LIFE Project Cover Photo

NATURAL FEEDING HABITAT RESTORATION FOR CINEREUS VULTURE AND OTHER AVIAN SCAVENGERS IN CENTRAL SPAIN

Reference: LIFE13 NAT/ES/001130 | Acronym: LIFE FEEDING SCAVENGERS

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

BACKGROUND

After two decades of recovery, species of black vulture and other necrophagous birds (i.e. feeding on carrion) face a new threat, namely a lack of food. This has been caused by several factors, including the emergence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), which provoked strict measures to prevent its spread; the most important, with regard to these birds being an obligation to collect and dispose of sheep, goat and cattle corpses in central Spain. The management of by-products of hoofed animals coming from hunting has also changed in recent years, due to considerations of disease spread, resulting in the reduction of food availability for scavenging species. Stricter health controls from farms, to slaughterhouses and meat production facilities have also reduced waste food sources. In addition, the decline of extensive livestock grazing in recent years, particularly of sheep, reduces considerably the potential biomass available for black vulture and other priority bird scavenger species of European Community interest.


OBJECTIVES

The LIFE FEEDING SCAVENGERS project aims to protect black vultures in their natural habitats in central Spain, using feeding stations in locations that reduce inter-specific competition. Specific project objectives are to:

  • Construct a database of food availability spatial data, to help optimise the management of available biomass for its use by the black vulture and other necrophagous bird species;
  • Make available enough food for black vulture and other species, in such a way that its spatial distribution benefits all of the wild scavenger bird species of community interest in the project area of central Spain;
  • Reduce the competition of the black vulture against other scavenger bird species with unfavourable conservation status, through a spatial distribution and accessibility to food that favours all species;
  • Keep the reproductive success of target species within optimal parameters;
  • Ease the re-colonisation of historic breeding areas to the black vulture;
  • Complete a supplementary feeding point network to guarantee access to food for black vulture when necessary and, in addition, to mitigate against potential food crisis and reduce mortality due to the illegal use of poison;
  • Analyse causes where food is not eaten and suggest necessary corrections;
  • Adjust feeding programmes to current legislation; and
  • Reduce the existing conflict between scavenger species and livestock farmers.
  • Expected results:

  • A dynamic database, including the amount of animal remains potentially usable as food by the black vulture and other scavenger bird species;
  • All extensive livestock farmers informed of the requirement to leave animal remains at protected areas and to encourage the incorporation of these into the feeding programme;
  • Ten mobile supplementary feeding stations built;
  • An annual balance between available animal biomass and the feeding necessities of the scavenger populations in the project areas achieved;
  • Reproductive success of target species kept within optimal range that is 0.7 for black vulture, 0.7 for Griffon vulture, 0.9 for Egyptian vulture, 1.6 for red kite and 1.6 for black kite;
  • Increased percentage of threatened black vulture, Egyptian vulture and black kite, in relation to the number of griffon vulture, throughout the project area; and
  • Livestock farmers in the project area trained in techniques for feeding target scavenger bird species.

  • ADMINISTRATIVE DATA


    Reference: LIFE13 NAT/ES/001130
    Acronym: LIFE FEEDING SCAVENGERS
    Start Date: 01/07/2014
    End Date: 30/06/2019
    Total Budget: 759,811 €
    EU Contribution: 455,886 €
    Project Location:
    Project Website: http://

    CONTACT DETAILS


    Coordinating Beneficiary: Fundacion CBD para la conservacion de la Biodiversidad y su Habitat
    Legal Status: PNC
    Address: Gustavo Fernandez Balbuena, n 2, 28002, Madrid,
    Contact Person: Nuria El Khadir Palomo
    Email: cbd-habitat@cbd-habitat.com
    Tel: 0034915100133
    Fax: 0034914135492


    LIFE Project Map

    ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ADDRESSED

    THEMES

    • Birds

    KEYWORDS

    • restoration measure
    • endangered species

    TARGET HABITAT TYPES

    • 0 - Non applicable (i.e.species project)

    SPECIES

    • Aquila adalberti
    • Aegypius monachus
    • Aquila chrysaetos
    • Neophron percnopterus
    • Milvus migrans
    • Milvus milvus
    • Canis lupus

    NATURA 2000 SITES

    Type Code Name
    SPA ES0000007 CAÑÓN DEL RÍO LOBOS
    SPA ES0000010 SIERRA DE GUADARRAMA
    SPA ES0000115 HOCES DEL RÍO DURATÓN
    SPA ES0000116 VALLE DE IRUELAS
    SPA ES0000184 VALLE DEL TIÉTAR
    SPA ES0000185 CERRO DE GUISANDO
    SPA ES0000186 PINARES DEL BAJO ALBERCHE
    SPA ES0000188 VALLES DEL VOLTOYA Y EL ZORITA
    SPA ES0000189 CAMPO AZÁLVARO-PINARES DE PEGUERINOS
    SPA ES0000190 ENCINARES DE LOS RÍOS ADAJA Y VOLTOYA
    SPA ES0000202 CAMPO DE AZABA
    SPA ES0000203 ALTOS DE BARAHONA
    SPA ES0000204 TIERRA DE CAMPIÑAS
    SPA ES0000218 CAMPO DE ARGAÑÁN
    SPA ES0000219 RÍO ALAGÓN
    SPA ES4110002 SIERRA DE GREDOS
    SCI ES4110034 SIERRA DE LA PARAMERA Y SERROTA
    SPA ES4110086 ENCINARES DE LA SIERRA DE ÁVILA
    SPA ES4120031 SABINARES DEL ARLANZA
    SPA ES4150006 CANDELARIO
    SCI ES4150032 EL REBOLLAR
    SPA ES4160008 HOCES DEL RÍO RIAZA
    SCI ES4160019 SIERRA DE AYLLÓN
    SPA ES4160048 LAGUNAS DE CANTALEJO
    SCI ES4160058 SABINARES DE SOMOSIERRA
    SCI ES4160063 LAGUNAS DE SANTA MARÍA LA REAL DE NIEVA
    SCI ES4170029 SABINARES SIERRA DE CABREJAS
    SPA ES0000359 CAMPOS DE ALBA
    SPA ES0000361 DEHESA DE LOS RÍOS GAMO Y MARGAÑÁN
    SPA ES0000362 LA NAVA-RUEDA
    SCI ES4110097 CAMPO AZÁLVARO-PINARES DE PEGUERINOS
    SCI ES4110103 ENCINARES DE LOS RÍOS ADAJA Y VOLTOYA
    SCI ES4110112 ENCINARES DE LA SIERRA DE ÁVILA
    SCI ES4110113 CERRO DE GUISANDO
    SCI ES4110114 PINARES DEL BAJO ALBERCHE
    SCI ES4110115 VALLE DEL TIÉTAR
    SCI ES4120091 SABINARES DEL ARLANZA
    SCI ES4150098 CAMPO DE ARGAÑÁN
    SCI ES4150100 CAMPO DE AZABA
    SCI ES4150101 CANDELARIO
    SCI ES4150107 LAS BATUECAS-SIERRA DE FRANCIA
    SCI ES4150108 QUILAMAS
    SCI ES4150126 VALLE DEL CUERPO DE HOMBRE
    SCI ES4160104 HOCES DEL RÍO RIAZA
    SCI ES4160106 LAGUNAS DE CANTALEJO
    SCI ES4160109 SIERRA DE GUADARRAMA
    SCI ES4160111 VALLES DEL VOLTOYA Y EL ZORITA
    SCI ES4170135 CAÑÓN DE RÍO LOBOS
    SCI ES4170141 PINAR DE LOSANA
    SCI ES4170142 ENCINARES DE TIERMES
    SCI ES4170148 ALTOS DE BARAHONA
    SCI ES4180130 EL CARRASCAL

    BENEFICIARIES

    Name Type
    Fundacion CBD para la conservacion de la Biodiversidad y su Habitat Coordinator
    FPN(Fundación del Patrimonio Natural de Castilla y León), Spain Participant
    Junta CyL(Consejería de Fomento y Medio Ambiente), Spain Participant

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