LIFE Project Cover Photo

CONSERVATION OF HABITAT "9570 * Tetraclinis articulata FOREST" IN THE EUROPEAN CONTINENT

Reference: LIFE13 NAT/ES/000436 | Acronym: LIFE-TETRACLINIS-EUROPA

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

BACKGROUND

Forests of Tetraclinis articulata – a species of evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family – are a priority European habitat. Its distribution area on mainland continental Europe is restricted to a population in the Region of Murcia. Other European populations can be found in Malta and in the Spanish territory of Melilla on the African continent.

The Murcian population was estimated to be 8 455 individual trees, spread over 557 ha in four sub-population areas. Nearly all (96%) of its distribution area was included in Natura 2000 sites. Unfortunately, despite the protection offered, a 2011 forest fire affected 59% of the total surface of this habitat. Its conservation status in Murcia is now poor.

The natural recovery of this habitat faces several threats including: intense competition from Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) to recolonise the space; difficulties of the younger individuals to sprout; overgrazing of the area; fragmentation and isolation of the populations; and uncontrolled cutting of the trees for ornamental uses.


OBJECTIVES

The LIFE-TETRACLINIS-EUROPA project aims to improve the conservation status and long-term sustainability of the priority habitat Tetraclinis articulata forests in the Cartagena Mountains of Murcia, Spain. As well as increasing the surface area of the forest type, it aims to combat the genetic erosion of the tree populations and reduce future threats.

The project plans to reforest significant areas of Tetraclinis articulata as well as to carry out selective clearing of the competitor species Pinus halepensis and additional invasive species. Planting will be organised to improve the genetic diversity of local tree populations as well as to maximise the mitigation of climate change. To further prevent long-term genetic erosion of the species, the project will clear old artificial plantations of Tetraclinis articulata when their genetics are not appropriate.

To reduce the threat to forest areas from human activities, the team will work on both public awareness and control of public access and use of the forest. They plan to construct fences to control grazing and close inappropriate trails, while improving official trails and roads.

Finally, the project hopes to promote scientific research into the forest habitat to improve understanding of how best to conserve it in the long term. It will also introduce a specific programme to monitor its conservation status.

Expected results:

  • Reforestation of 49.8 ha of Tetraclinis articulata forest habitat with 25 420 individual trees;
  • Improved genetic diversity – and therefore resilience – of the Tetraclinis articulata in the population areas;
  • Clearing of Pinus halepensis from over 61 ha of forest distribution area to reduce ecological competition with Tetraclinis articulate;
  • Clearing of additional invasive alien species from 0.88 ha;
  • Clearing of around 4 ha of old artificial plantations of Tetraclinis articulate;
  • 12.15 km of roads repaired;
  • 6.82 km of trails closed;
  • 13.43 km of official trails conditioned;
  • 3.45 km of fences constructed;
  • Improved biodiversity in the Tetraclinis articulata forest;
  • Positive impact on the threat of climate change;
  • Indirect reduction of the risk of fire to the target habitat; and
  • Effective monitoring programme for the target habitat in Murcia.

  • ADMINISTRATIVE DATA


    Reference: LIFE13 NAT/ES/000436
    Acronym: LIFE-TETRACLINIS-EUROPA
    Start Date: 01/06/2014
    End Date: 30/06/2018
    Total Budget: 1,544,168 €
    EU Contribution: 1,065,109 €
    Project Location:

    CONTACT DETAILS


    Coordinating Beneficiary: Direccin General de Medio Ambiente. Consejera de Presidencia.Comunidad Autnoma de la Regin de Murcia
    Legal Status: PAT
    Address: Catedrtico Eugenio beda, n3, 3 planta, 30071, MURCIA, España
    Contact Person: Rafael Díaz
    Email: tetraclinislife@gmail.com
    Tel: 968228882
    Website: http://www.murcianatural.carm.es


    LIFE Project Map

    ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ADDRESSED

    THEMES

    • Forests

    KEYWORDS

    • forest ecosystem
    • management plan
    • restoration measure
    • mountainous area

    TARGET HABITAT TYPES

    • 9570 - Tetraclinis articulata forests

    SPECIES

    • None or non applicable

    NATURA 2000 SITES

    Type Code Name
    SCI ES6200001 Calblanque, Monte de las Cenizas y Peña del Águila (DEPRECATED)
    SCI ES6200006 Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor (DEPRECATED)
    SCI ES6200024 Cabezo de Roldán (DEPRECATED)
    SPA ES0000264 La Muela-Cabo Tiñoso (DEPRECATED)

    BENEFICIARIES

    Name Type
    Direccin General de Medio Ambiente. Consejera de Presidencia.Comunidad Autnoma de la Regin de Murcia Coordinator
    AYTO_CT(Ayuntamiento de Cartagena), Spain Participant
    ANSE(Asociación de Naturalistas del Sureste), Spain Participant
    FSM(FUNDACION SIERRA MINERA), Spain Participant
    UMU(UNIVERSIDAD DE MURCIA), Spain Participant

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