LIFE Project Cover Photo

Conservation and regeneration of Nardus Grasslands in Central Europe

Reference: LIFE06 NAT/D/000008 | Acronym: Borstgrasrasen

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

BACKGROUND

Nardus grasslands often rely on extensive land use techniques such as grazing and mowing. They mainly occur in landscapes with silicate parent rock and until 50 years ago were numerous and widespread in Central Europe. However, as a result of intensification trends in agriculture and wider coverage of forestry, over 90% of Europe’s Nardus grasslands have been lost. Today this habitat is limited to a relatively small number of residual areas. They are among the most endangered habitat types in Europe and, under the Habitat Directive (92/43/EEC) they are one of the priority habitats for which special protected areas and protective measures are provided.


OBJECTIVES

This project aimed to restore the conservation status of species-rich Nardus grasslands in Germany Belgium and Luxembourg. Over 30 different sites were identified for restoration support from the LIFE project. Cooperation between nature conservation stakeholders in the different countries was considered vital to ensure the project’s ability to meet its objectives.


RESULTS

The project achieved its objectives. It successfully improved the conservation status of species-rich sub-mountainous Nardus grasslands in the three target countries and also improved the connectivity of these priority habitats in the countries’ border areas. Long-term management schemes were designed to help safeguard the Nardus grassland sites.

Public relations actions carried out by the project were considered to be good practice and effective in raising awareness about the habitat’s management requirements. Innovation was introduced in the form of a geo-caching trail.

Tangible results included: habitat management plans for 34 project sites; 78 ha of land purchased and leased; 159 ha of intrusive bushes and shrubs removed; 126 ha of land previously covered by thick grass layers were mulched to facilitate rehabilitation of Nardus species; 30 km of fencing was installed to control and manage livestock grazing on the project sites; hay seeds were sown over 70 ha; multi-lingual project web-site (EN, DE, FR) was created; a portfolio of multi-lingual and different publicity material was published; a large international workshop was organised; several nature trails were created; and a number of guided excursions took place.

Sustainability of the project is dependent on securing funding to help ensure that the extensive land management techniques remain economically viable. Such funds may be available from agri-environment schemes.

Further information on the project can be found in the project's layman report (see "Read more" section).The project achieved its objectives. It successfully improved the conservation status of species-rich sub-mountainous Nardus grasslands in the three target countries and also improved the connectivity of these priority habitats in the countries’ border areas. Long-term management schemes were designed to help safeguard the Nardus grassland sites.

Public relations actions carried out by the project were considered to be good practice and effective in raising awareness about the habitat’s management requirements. Innovation was introduced in the form of a geo-caching trail.

Tangible results included: habitat management plans for 34 project sites; 78 ha of land purchased and leased; 159 ha of intrusive bushes and shrubs removed; 126 ha of land previously covered by thick grass layers were mulched to facilitate rehabilitation of Nardus species; 30 km of fencing was installed to control and manage livestock grazing on the project sites; hay seeds were sown over 70 ha; multi-lingual project web-site (EN, DE, FR) was created; a portfolio of multi-lingual and different publicity material was published; a large international workshop was organised; several nature trails were created; and a number of guided excursions took place.

Sustainability of the project is dependent on securing funding to help ensure that the extensive land management techniques remain economically viable. Such funds may be available from agri-environment schemes.

Further information on the project can be found in the project's layman report (see "Read more" section).

ADMINISTRATIVE DATA


Reference: LIFE06 NAT/D/000008
Acronym: Borstgrasrasen
Start Date: 01/10/2006
End Date: 30/09/2010
Total Budget: 3,811,038 €
EU Contribution: 2,858,278 €
Project Location: Saarland, Rheinland-Pfalz, Belgium and Luxemburg

CONTACT DETAILS


Coordinating Beneficiary: Naturlandstiftung Saar
Legal Status: NGO
Address: Feldmannstrasse, 85, 66119, Saarbrücken, Deutschland
Contact Person: Axel DIDION
Email: didion@nls-saar.de
Tel: +49 681 954 1518
Website: www.life-arnika.eu


LIFE Project Map

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ADDRESSED

THEMES

  • Birds

KEYWORDS

  • grassland ecosystem
  • protected area
  • land purchase
  • restoration measure

TARGET EU LEGISLATION

  • COM(2001)162 -"Biodiversity Action Plan for the conservation of natural resources (vol. I & II)" (27.03.2001)
  • COM(98)42 -"Communication on a European Community Biodiversity Strategy" (05.02.1998)
  • Decision 93/626 - Conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity (25.10.1993)
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directive (21.05.1992)
  • Directive 79/409 - Conservation of wild birds (02.04.1979)

TARGET HABITAT TYPES

  • 4030 - European dry heaths
  • 6230 - "Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)"
  • 6510 - "Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)"
  • 6520 - Mountain hay meadows

SPECIES

  • Lullula arborea
  • Lanius collurio
  • Maculinea nausithous
  • Lycaena helle
  • Euphydryas aurinia

NATURA 2000 SITES

Type Code Name
SCI LU0001003 Vallée de la Tretterbaach (DEPRECATED)
SCI LU0001004 Weicherange - Breichen (DEPRECATED)
SCI LU0001006 Vallées de la Sûre, de la Wiltz, de la Clerve et du Lellgerbaach (DEPRECATED)
SCI LU0001007 Vallée supérieure de la Sûre / Lac du barrage (DEPRECATED)
SCI LU0001033 Wilwerdange - Conzefenn (DEPRECATED)
SPA BE33047C0 Vallée de la Holzwarche (Büllingen) (DEPRECATED)
SPA BE33064C0 Vallée de l'Ulf (Burg-Reuland; Gouvy) (DEPRECATED)
SPA BE34033A0 Etangs de Longchamps et de Noville (Bastogne; Bertogne; Houffalize) (DEPRECATED)
SPA BE34039A0 Haute-Sûre (Fauvillers; Léglise; Neufchâteau; Vaux-sur-Sûre) (DEPRECATED)
SPA DE6409303 Hofberg bei Reitscheid (DEPRECATED)
SPA DE6407302 Wadrilltal (DEPRECATED)
SPA DE6407305 Löstertal (DEPRECATED)
SPA DE6409305 Weisselberg (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE5314304 Feuchtgebiete und Heiden des Hohen Westerwaldes (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE5605306 Obere Kyll und Kalkmulden der Nordeifel (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE5706303 Gerolsteiner Kalkeifel (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6307301 Wiesen bei Wadrill und Sitzerath (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6109303 Idarwald (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6208302 Hochwald (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6306301 Ruwer und Seitentäler (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6307302 westlich Otzenhausen (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6308302 Wiesenkomplex bei Eisen (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6407307 Wiesenlandschaft bei Überroth (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6408302 Söterbachtal (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6408308 Südteil des Nohfeldener Rhyolith-Massivs (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6409304 Wiese nö Reitscheid (DEPRECATED)
SCI DE6610301 Closenbruch (DEPRECATED)
SPA BE33055C0 Vallée de l'Emmels (Amel) (DEPRECATED)

BENEFICIARIES

Name Type
Naturlandstiftung Saar Coordinator
DELATTINIA, Germany Participant
Stiftung Natur und Umwelt Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Participant
Stiftung “Hëllef fir d'Natur”, Luxemburg Participant
Natagora, Belgium Participant

READ MORE

Type Resource
Project web site Project's website
Poster "Die Planzenwelt Der Arnikarasen in Rheinland-Pfalz: Die Tierwelt Der Arnikawiesen in Rheinland-Pfalz" (2.33 MB)
Poster "Was wird konkret getan?" (775 KB)
Poster "Arnikawiesen Mitteleuropas: Borstgrasrasen" (871 KB)
Poster "Die Tierwelt der Arnikawiesen in Rheinland-Pfalz: Die Pflanzenwelt der Arnikawiesen in Rheinland-Pfalz" (2.11 MB)
Publication Layman report
Publication Laienbericht
Publication Project's final report (1.63 MB)
Newsletter "Stiftung aktuell Nr. 24 (Newsletter of the Stiftung Natur und Umwelt Rheinland-Pfalz)" (331 KB)
Newsletter "Stiftung aktuell Nr. 23 (Newsletter of the Stiftung Natur und Umwelt Rheinland-Pfalz)" (1 MB)
Newsletter "Stiftung aktuell Nr. 21 (Newsletter of the Stiftung Natur und Umwelt Rheinland-Pfalz)" (569 KB)
Newsletter "Stiftung aktuell Nr. 20 (Newsletter of the Stiftung Natur und Umwelt Rheinland-Pfalz)" (442 KB)
Newsletter "Stiftung aktuell Nr. 19 (Newsletter of the Stiftung Natur und Umwelt Rheinland-Pfalz)" (961 KB)
Newsletter "Stiftung aktuell Nr. 18 (Newsletter of the Stiftung Natur und Umwelt Rheinland-Pfalz)" (285 KB)
Newsletter "Jan 2011: Newsletter" (3.65 MB)
Newsletter "DEZ 2009: Newsletter" (1.78 MB)
Leaflet "Weisselberg" (3.29 MB)
Leaflet "Die Arnikaschleife der LandZeitTour: Naturerlebnis und Geocaching rund um die Burg Baldenau" (3.78 MB)
Leaflet "Hofberg bei Reitscheid" (2.83 MB)
Leaflet "Wiesenkomplex bei eisen" (3.32 MB)
Leaflet ""Closenbruch" bei Homburg" (3.29 MB)
Leaflet "Wiesen bei Wadrill und Sitzerath" (2.83 MB)
Leaflet "Löstertal" (3.31 MB)
Leaflet "Wiesenlands bei Überroth" (3.36 MB)
Leaflet "Söterbachtal" (3.34 MB)
Leaflet "Wiesen bei Reitscheid" (2.84 MB)
Leaflet "Wiesen westlich Otzenhaussen" (3.38 MB)
Leaflet "Südteil des Nohfeldener Rhyolith-Massivs" (3.25 MB)
Leaflet "Wadrilltal" (2.79 MB)