Big Loire salmon preservation

Reference: LIFE00 NAT/F/007252 | Acronym: Saumon Loire

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

BACKGROUND

Individual populations of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, Annex II Habitats Directive) differ between each other in terms of various morphological and genetic characteristics, depending on the river basins they originate from. This species reproduces in fresh water after spending 1 to 3 years at sea, where it grows to its full size. The Loire/Allier basin population is the last one in western Europe to have the characteristics indispensable for migrating nearly 1000 km in fresh water. Its numbers fell from several thousand to a few hundred between 1988 and 1995 (population estimated to be 100.000 at the end of the 18th century). This population is therefore threatened with extinction, since the number of mature fish returning to the spawning grounds (between 300 and 500 a year) is far below the minimum threshold estimated for the Gartempe/Allier axis (2.400 mature breading fish). This decline has been caused by physical (dams) and chemical (pollution, silting) obstacles to the migration of the fish and the degradation of their vital habitats (spawning grounds, nurseries).


OBJECTIVES

The project aims to increase the size of the population on the Allier and Gartempe axis until there is a viable stock which no longer requires artificial support. This will be done using eggs, hatchlings and young salmon produced by the Chanteuges salmon-breeding farm. This installation, which went into operation in 2001, us remarkable for its ability to produce young salmon using techniques inspired by those developed in Quebec. The goal is to have around 1.500 breeding fish in the spawning grounds by the end of the LIFE-Nature project and 2.500 after the salmon farm has been operating for 6 years (start of 2007). At the same time, improving the conditions for surmounting obstacles (carried out parallel to LIFE: reducing pollution, removing dams, building salmon ladders) and measures to preserve spawning grounds (management plan, regulatory protection) must make it possible to preserve and make accessible 1.000 spawning grounds on the Allier and its tributaries and the Gartempe. Awareness-raising measures are also planned (CD-ROM, Internet site, etc) as well as a colloquium at the end of the project to recapitulate its results.


ADMINISTRATIVE DATA


Reference: LIFE00 NAT/F/007252
Acronym: Saumon Loire
Start Date: 01/01/2001
End Date: 31/12/2004
Total Budget: 2,430,000 €
EU Contribution: 1,215,000 €
Project Location:

CONTACT DETAILS


Coordinating Beneficiary: Association Loire Grands Migrateurs (LOGRAMI)
Legal Status: NGO
Address: 8, rue de la Ronde, 03500, Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule, France
Contact Person:
Email:
Tel:
Website: perso.wanadoo.fr/logrami


LIFE Project Map

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ADDRESSED

THEMES

  • Freshwater
  • River basin management

TARGET EU LEGISLATION

  • Directive 2000/60 - Framework for Community action in the field of water policy (23.10.2000)
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directive (21.05.1992)

TARGET HABITAT TYPES

  • 1340 - Inland salt meadows
  • 2330 - Inland dunes with open Corynephorus and Agrostis grasslands
  • 3110 - Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains (Littorelletalia uniflorae)
  • 3150 - Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition - type vegetation
  • 3260 - Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation
  • 3270 - Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri p.p. and Bidention p.p. vegetation
  • 4030 - European dry heaths
  • 5110 - Stable xerothermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion p.p.)
  • 5120 - Mountain Cytisus purgans formations
  • 6110 - Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi
  • 6210 - Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
  • 6230 - "Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)"
  • 6430 - Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels
  • 6510 - "Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)"
  • 6520 - Mountain hay meadows
  • 8110 - Siliceous scree of the montane to snow levels (Androsacetalia alpinae and Galeopsietalia ladani)
  • 8220 - Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
  • 8230 - Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii
  • 9150 - Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion
  • 9160 - Sub-Atlantic and medio-European oak or oak-hornbeam forests of the Carpinion betuli
  • 9180 - "Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines"
  • 9190 - Old acidophilous oak woods with Quercus robur on sandy plains
  • 91E0 - "Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)"

SPECIES

  • Salmo salar

NATURA 2000 SITES

Type Code Name
SCI FR7401147 Vallée de la Gartempe sur l'ensemble de son cours et affluents
SCI FR8301034 GORGES DE LA SIOULE
SCI FR8301038 Val d'Allier - Alagnon
SCI FR8301072 Val d'Allier Limagne Brivadoise
SCI FR8301074 Val d'Allier / Vieille Brioude / Langeac
SCI FR8301075 Gorges de l'Allier et affluents
SCI FR8301091 DORE / FAYE / COUZON

BENEFICIARIES

Name Type
Etablissement Public d'Aménagement de la Loire et de ses Affluents Participant
Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche Participant
Syndicat Mixte d'Aménagement du Haut-Allier Participant

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