Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

Identification & tagging MS Open data sets in the INSPIRE Geoportal

Context

During the INSPIRE Geoportal Workshop (23.1-24.1 2019) as well as during the MIG-T face to face meeting (3-4.4. 2019) the topic of improving usability of harvested MS data sets was again raised. Harmonizing the licensing framework or at least making licensing information very clear to possible users was clearly identified as one of the categories of issues to follow up. Furthermore, 2 years ago at the 38th MIG-T meeting in Ghent, it was agreed to work on a common approach for identifying open data sets and describing licences in metadata. As a first step, MIG-T members were invited to document their current approaches for identifying open data in their national discovery services, as well as other types of "tagging" to identify other categories of data in the metadata. 

At that time, we received 17 responses from the following countries:

CZ, SE, PT, FR, CH, DE, NL, EE, DK, ES, PL, AT, IT, HU, IS, BG, MT

The call for contributions and the responses collected are available here: https://ies-svn.jrc.ec.europa.eu/issues/2981

New Request

The purpose of the analysis is to identify and clearly tag, in the INSPIRE Geoportal, the MS data sets available under an open license. An open license is here meant as a license allowing to freely use, modify and distribute the data set (or modified versions of the data set) for any purpose, under the conditions of - at most - providing the attribution of the data set source. Examples of open licenses (as meant in this context) are CC0 and CC BY.

We would like now to restart the process, asking you to provide clear instructions how we can identify open data (meant as defined above) in your national discovery services. We propose to use the same template used in the past:

  • Metadata element used (use INSPIRE name or ISO xPath if possible): 3. Keyword | 8.2 Limitations on public access.
  • Controlled vocabularies, conventions or keywords used: Please, provide clearly the values (in the used language) that we can use to extract from your discovery service/MD of datasets/services
  • Comments: any additional important comments, e.g. in case you are not distinguishing open data in your national context because all the resources are open data.

Please, provide the required information as a comment to this page, starting with the country code you belong to. Please note that you will need to be logged in, in order to be able to make comments.

Representatives of the 17 countries that have already responded in the past are asked to check their previous responses and copy-paste them (if the information is the same) or update them (if the information has changed). Please note that comments are no longer enabled in the old page (https://ies-svn.jrc.ec.europa.eu/issues/2981): you should provide the new instructions as a comment to this page (using the text box at the bottom).

The instructions/filters for identifying open data will be also stored in the Register of MS Discovery Services.

Showing the open data in the Geoportal

Once we receive your instructions to identify open data in your Discovery Services, we will create a script to combine your instructions and will clearly tag the open data in the Geoportal front-end apps.

22 Comments

  1. SE: We handle that as a Keyword with value "Öppna data" that is managed in tesaurus with a title "Initiativ".
    If more tecnichal information is needed please contact Michael.Ostling@metagis.se .
    Best Regards
    Kjell Hjorth

  2. FI: keyword "avoindata.fi" is used for open data and services. 

    Best Regards,

    Kai Koistinen

    National Land Survey of Finland

  3. LU:


    <gmd:resourceConstraints>
       <gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>
          <gmd:otherConstraints>
             <gmx:Anchor xlink:href="https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/">Creative Commons 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication</gmx:Anchor>
          </gmd:otherConstraints>
       </gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>
     </gmd:resourceConstraints>





  4. DE:

    Category of data identified: Open data

    Metadata element used (use INSPIRE name or ISO xPath if possible): 3. Keyword (MD_Metadata/identificationInfo[1]/MD_DataIdentification/descriptiveKeywords/*/keyword)

    Conventions used: agreed vocabulary for filling the metadata = “opendata”

    Comments: none

     

    Category of data identified: Open data

    Metadata element used (use INSPIRE name or ISO xPath if possible): 8.1 Conditions applying to access and use (MD_Metadata/identificationInfo[1]/MD_DataIdentification/resourceConstraints/MD_LegalConstraints/useConstraints)

    Conventions used: guidelines for filling the metadata =

    “useConstraints” = “other constraints”

    “otherConstraints” = free text e.g. “Conditions of use see http://www.geodatenzentrum.de/docpdf/geonutzv.pdf" (German conditions for federal authority data)”.

    “otherConstraints” = JSON notation {"id": "license identifier", "name": "license name", "url": "license url", "source": "mandatory citation information"}

    Comments: JSON notation is required for GovData.de to identify/display the correct license name, also a codelist exists for the attributes “id”, “name” and “url” = https://www.dcat-ap.de/def/licenses

     

    Category of data identified: Open data

    Metadata element used (use INSPIRE name or ISO xPath if possible): 3. Keyword (MD_Metadata/identificationInfo[1]/MD_DataIdentification/descriptiveKeywords/*/keyword)

    Controlled vocabularies:  MDR data themes vocabulary (http://publications.europa.eu/resource/cellar/dca1f05f-261c-11e8-ac73-01aa75ed71a1.0001.04/DOC_4)

    Comments: optional/additional keyword

  5. EL


    Open data

    All the resources in the Greek Metadata Catalog linked to the INSPIRE Geoportal are offered as open data. The license used is the Creative Commons CC BY-SA 4.0 and the metadata element used is “Conditions applying to access and use”. The metadata element is filled as free text.

    Example:

    <gmd:resourceConstraints>

                      <gmd:MD_Constraints>

                         <gmd:useLimitation>

                            <gco:CharacterString>Δεν έχουν προσδιοριστεί οι όροι πρόσβασης και χρήσης. Η χρήση των συνόλων γεωχωρικών δεδομένων της  Γεωπύλης του ΥΠΕΝ διέπεται από τους όρους της Άδειας Creative Commons Αναφορά Δημιουργού - Παρόμοια Διανομή 4.0 Διεθνές (CC BY-SA 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.el). Η συγκεκριμένη άδεια χρήσης δεν έχει εγκριθεί επίσημα με κάποια διοικητική πράξη.</gco:CharacterString>

                         </gmd:useLimitation>

                      </gmd:MD_Constraints>

                   </gmd:resourceConstraints>

                   <gmd:resourceConstraints>

                      <gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>

                         <gmd:accessConstraints>

                            <gmd:MD_RestrictionCode codeList="http://standards.iso.org/ittf/PubliclyAvailableStandards/ISO_19139_Schemas/resources/codelist/ML_gmxCodelists.xml#MD_RestrictionCode" codeListValue="otherRestrictions"/>

                         </gmd:accessConstraints>

                         <gmd:otherConstraints>

                            <gco:CharacterString>Δεν υπάρχουν περιορισμοί</gco:CharacterString>

                         </gmd:otherConstraints>

                      </gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>

                   </gmd:resourceConstraints>

  6. NL:

    We use the otherConstraints element, both Character and Anchor are possible

    Example 1: XML notation open data licentie anchor

    <resourceConstraints>
      <MD_LegalConstraints>
        <accessConstraints>
          <MD_RestrictionCode codeListValue="otherRestrictions" codeList="http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/ Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#MD_RestrictionCode"/>
        </accessConstraints>   
        <otherConstraints>
          <gmx:anchor xlink:href="https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/*/deed.nl">
              Geen beperkingen
          </gmx:anchor>
        </otherConstraints>
      </MD_LegalConstraints>
    </resourceConstraints>

     

    Example 2: XML notation open data licentie character

    <resourceConstraints>
      <MD_LegalConstraints>
        <accessConstraints>
          <MD_RestrictionCode codeListValue="otherRestrictions" codeList="http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/ Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#MD_RestrictionCode"/>
        </accessConstraints>   
        <otherConstraints>
          <gco:CharacterString>https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/*/deed.nl"</gco:CharacterString>
     </otherConstraints>
     <otherConstraints>
          <gco:CharacterString>Geen beperkingen</gco:CharacterString>
        </otherConstraints>
      </MD_LegalConstraints>
    </resourceConstraints>

     

     We allow the following licences for open data;

    http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/*/deed.nl

    http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/*/deed.nl

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/*/deed.nl

    The * should be replaced by a version number

    Both http and https are possible



     
  7. SI:

    We use metadata element 8.2 Limitations on public access.

    Open license datasets have value noLimitations (i.e. link) from the "Limitations on public access" code list.

  8. IE

    The filters to use for Ireland’s GeoPortal discovery services to identify available Open Data are presented as follows:


     <gco:CharacterString>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/]</gco:CharacterString>
     

     

  9. CZ


    • Metadata element used (use INSPIRE name or ISO xPath if possible): 8.2 Limitations on public access
    • Controlled vocabularies or conventions used: For open data, enter the string "http://opendata.gov.cz/definition/opendata" which leads to Czech open data sites, specifically to the page with the definition of open data from the Czech legislation.
    • Comments:
      • Unfortunately, the pages are only available in Czech.
      • We would like to add to the page that additional licenses may apply to open data, and that the data tag itself as open data is not a license.
      • The string "http://opendata.gov.cz/definition/opendata" is used to filter records in the metadata catalogue.



  10. DK (Agency for Data Supply and Efficiency) use the element <gmd:otherConstraints> both anchor and characterstring:

    <gmd:resourceConstraints>
    <gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>
    <gmd:accessConstraints>
    <gmd:MD_RestrictionCode codeListValue="copyright" codeList="http://standards.iso.org/ittf/PubliclyAvailableStandards/ISO_19139_Schemas/resources/codelist/ML_gmxCodelists.xml#MD_RestrictionCode"/>
    </gmd:accessConstraints>
    <gmd:otherConstraints>
    <gco:CharacterString>
    The Authority provides a worldwide, free, non-exclusive, and unlimited right of access to data, which is free, inter alia. can: copied, distributed and published, changed and compounded with other material - Used commercially and non-commercially. Data may not be used in such a way that the authority may approve, support, recommend or market the user, the user's products or services. It must be ensured that the use of data is in accordance with Danish law.
    </gco:CharacterString>
    </gmd:otherConstraints>
    </gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>
    </gmd:resourceConstraints>

  11. EE

    Metadata element used:  3. Keyword
    (MD_Metadata/identificationInfo/MD_DataIdentification/descriptiveKeywords/MD_keywords/keyword)

    Keyword value: "avaandmed" (means "open data")
    <gco:CharacterString>avaandmed</gco:CharacterString>

  12. I would like to update the Bulgarian response (BG): 


    • Metadata element used (use INSPIRE name or ISO xPath if possible): 3. Keyword | 8.2 Limitations on public access.

    For the time being, in relation to the geospatial data published on our national catalog we use Keyword | 8.2 Limitations on public access.

    • Controlled vocabularies, conventions or keywords used: Please, provide clearly the values (in the used language) that we can use to extract from your discovery service/MD of datasets/services

    In relation to the national open data policy and legal framework we have an Ordinance on the standard licences for re-use of public sector information and for its publication in an open format and we use it in the context of the national open data portal (https://data.egov.bg/).

    • Comments: any additional important comments, e.g. in case you are not distinguishing open data in your national context because all the resources are open data.

    We are planning to amend the Ordinance and to do mapping and implemention of the https://creativecommons.org/licenses/ which will cover not only open data, but also geospatial data. 

  13. For Belgium this is the gathered information up to today, it will be completed as more information gets available : 


    Walloon catalogue 
     • Category of data identified: Open data
     • Metadata element used: 3. Keyword
     • Conventions used: "Open data"


     • Category of data identified: Open data
     • Metadata element used: 8.1 Conditions for access and use and 8.2 Limitations on public access
     • Conventions used:

    Federal catalogue
    Generally speaking there is no set way to identify open data, even though the license is originally based on CC standards

    • Category of data identified: Open data
    • Metadata element used: 3. Keyword – (final decision to be made in Q4/2019-Q1/2020)
    • Conventions used: the uri to the CC is in the element OtherRestrictions.


    Flemish catalogue

    • Category of data identified: Open data
    • Metadata element used: 3. Keyword : “Vlaamse Open data”
    • Conventions used: -

    Brussels catalogue

    • Category of data identified: Open data
    • Metadata element used: -
    • Conventions used: CC-BY



  14. For France  no change to identify Open data:

    • Metadata element used (use INSPIRE name or ISO xPath if possible): 3. Keyword
    • Controlled vocabularies, conventions or keywords used: "données ouvertes"
  15. For Romania:

    In the present, we don’t have established at national level how to fill in the metadata documents, for the open data, so they could be identified.

    Please find bellow an example found in our metadata documents with reference to the open data licence:

    http://geoportal.gov.ro/Geoportal_INIS/rest/document?id=%7BF214B0B3-1E0D-4F89-9A5A-30AD575E4AD5%7D

    <gmd:resourceConstraints>

    <gmd:MD_Constraints>

    <gmd:useLimitation>

    <gco:CharacterString>

    Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

    </gco:CharacterString>

    </gmd:useLimitation>

    </gmd:MD_Constraints>

    </gmd:resourceConstraints>

  16. For Spain. 

    Metadata element used: We didn`t define a standardized way to express that issue, Spanish producers employs several elements to express licensing and conditions. In Spain, common use of metadata items for declare data as “Open Data” (in the sense defined for this enquiry) is to include in:

    8.1 Limitations On Public Access

    There are two options:

    <gmd:metadataConstraints>

    <gmd:MD_Constraints>

    <gmd:useLimitation>

    <gco:CharacterString>Character string </gco:CharacterString>

    </gmd:useLimitation>

    </gmd:MD_Constraints>

    </gmd:metadataConstraints>


    <gmd:resourceConstraints>

    <gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>

    <gmd:useLimitation>

    <gco:CharacterString>Character string </gco:CharacterString>

    </gmd:useLimitation>

    </gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>

    </gmd:resourceConstraints>

    8. 2 Conditions Applying To Access And Use

     <gmd:resourceConstraints>

    <gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>

    <gmd:accessConstraints>

    <gmd:MD_RestrictionCode codeList="./resources/codeList.xml#MD_RestrictionCode" codeListValue="otherRestrictions">Otras Restricciones</gmd:MD_RestrictionCode>

    </gmd:accessConstraints>

    <gmd:otherConstraints>

    <gco:CharacterString>Character strings </gco:CharacterString>

    </gmd:otherConstraints>

    </gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>

    </gmd:resourceConstraints>


    Controlled vocabularies, conventions or keywords used: One of the following character strings:

     CC BY 4.0

    CC-by 3.0

    CC BY

    Creative Commons BY

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/   

    http://www.icv.gva.es/condiciones-de-uso-de-la-geoinformacion-icv

    http://sitex.gobex.es/SITEX/pages/licencia


    Comments:

    - Note that some Spanish SDI nodes express in Spanish equivalents conditions to CC BY but in such a way that cannot be properly considered as a license. The following character strings are used also in the mentioned tags:


    “se puede usar de modo libre y gratuito en cualquier caso, siempre que se mencione”

    “se puede usar de modo libre y gratuito, siempre que se mencione”

    “Se permite cualquier uso si se menciona la autoría”

    “Reconocimiento de origen y propiedad de los datos”

    “Sin limitaciones”

    “La distribución tiene carácter gratuito y siendo la única estricta obligación la de reconocer y mencionar el origen y propiedad”

    “Cuando se utilice parte o la totalidad de esta información se deberá citar”

    “No hay limitaciones al uso”

    “No existen limitaciones de uso”


    • If it is too complex to codify all this staff in a script, we can give you the list of data producers having “Open Data” in the way it is defined for this enquiry.
    • organd UNE 148004:2018 Open Geographic Data consider as Open Data the datasets published under CC0, CC BY and CC BY-SA and equivalents licences.
    • EUPL, which is applicable to data, is compatible CC BY-SA, but as far as I know it is non-compatible in both directions with CC BY.
    • By the other hand, “Regulation on INSPIRE data and Services Sharing”, “Good Practice in data and service sharing” and  the ”Guidelines on the Regulation” does not contain any recommendation about this “Open Data” concept. Perhaps it would be wise to update the Guidance and the Good practice to do it.
    • It is necessary to remark that Open Data is not only a question of having an open license, there are more requirements to be fulfilled (see organd UNE 148004).
  17. For Slovakia:

    We will use:

    Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/]
    or
    Creative Commons 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication (CC0 1.0) [https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0]


  18. For Norway:

    "No restrictions" in the "otherConstraints-tag" indicates "open data"

    Licenses are attributed in the "anchor-tag", and open licenses that are in use are "CC By" and "NLOD" (Norwegian license for "open data")

    (xlink:href="http://data.norge.no/nlod/no/1.0">Norsk lisens for offentlige data (NLOD) and xlink:href="http://data.norge.no/nlod/no/2.0">Norsk lisens for offentlige data (NLOD) 2.0)

    Example of metadata where CC BY 4.0 are used: 

    <gmd:resourceConstraints>
    <gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>
    <gmd:accessConstraints>
    <gmd:MD_RestrictionCode codeList="http://standards.iso.org/ittf/PubliclyAvailableStandards/ISO_19139_Schemas/resources/codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#MD_RestrictionCode" codeListValue="otherRestrictions"/>
    </gmd:accessConstraints>
    <gmd:useConstraints>
    <gmd:MD_RestrictionCode codeList="http://standards.iso.org/ittf/PubliclyAvailableStandards/ISO_19139_Schemas/resources/codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#MD_RestrictionCode" codeListValue="license"/>
    </gmd:useConstraints>
    <gmd:otherConstraints/>
    <gmd:otherConstraints>
    <gmx:Anchor xmlns:gmx="http://www.isotc211.org/2005/gmx" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons BY 4.0 (CC BY 4.0)</gmx:Anchor>
    </gmd:otherConstraints>
    <gmd:otherConstraints>
    <gco:CharacterString xmlns:gco="http://www.isotc211.org/2005/gco">no restrictions</gco:CharacterString>
    </gmd:otherConstraints>
    </gmd:MD_LegalConstraints>
    </gmd:resourceConstraints>

  19. For Cyprus:

    All the Data provided in the DLS INSPIRE Geoportal are considered as "open data", under the license Creative Commons CC BY-SA 4.0. 

    This has been applied only in the Metadata of Data records. 

    Please note that the Data theme "Utility and Governmental Services" contains data from multiple stakeholders having though one single end point for Download & View Services. 

    For two of the stakeholders of this Data theme, the license (CC BY-SA 4.0)  does not apply. The MD element in this case is filled as free text "Besides personal use of the data please contact the data owner". 



  20. Liechtenstein

    we use a simple keyword "opendata.swiss"


    <gmd:keyword xsi:type="gmd:PT_FreeText_PropertyType">
    <gco:CharacterString>opendata.swiss</gco:CharacterString>
    <gmd:PT_FreeText>
    <gmd:textGroup>
    <gmd:LocalisedCharacterString locale="#DE">opendata.swiss</gmd:LocalisedCharacterString>
    </gmd:textGroup>
    <gmd:textGroup>
    <gmd:LocalisedCharacterString locale="#FR">opendata.swiss</gmd:LocalisedCharacterString>
    </gmd:textGroup>
    <gmd:textGroup>
    <gmd:LocalisedCharacterString locale="#IT">opendata.swiss</gmd:LocalisedCharacterString>
    </gmd:textGroup>
    <gmd:textGroup>
    <gmd:LocalisedCharacterString locale="#EN">opendata.swiss</gmd:LocalisedCharacterString>
    </gmd:textGroup>
    <gmd:textGroup>
    <gmd:LocalisedCharacterString locale="#RM">opendata.swiss</gmd:LocalisedCharacterString>
    </gmd:textGroup>
    </gmd:PT_FreeText>
    </gmd:keyword>

  21. CH

    In Switzerland, we use the keyword “opendata.swiss” in our Metadata.
    Example: https://www.geocat.ch/geonetwork/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/c5bd42e6-033f-4d43-a398-320b42538798
     
    Our license and user regulations are defined here: https://handbook.opendata.swiss/de/prepare/terms.html