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Turkey:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

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Overview Turkey

Contents

Turkey:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Turkey:Historical Development

Turkey:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Turkey:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Turkey:Political and Economic Situation

Turkey:Organisation and Governance

Turkey:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Turkey:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Turkey:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Turkey:Organisation of Private Education

Turkey:National Qualifications Framework

Turkey:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Turkey:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Turkey:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Turkey:Funding in Education

Turkey:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Turkey:Higher Education Funding

Turkey:Adult Education and Training Funding

Turkey:Early Childhood Education and Care

Turkey:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Turkey:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Turkey:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Turkey:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Turkey:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Turkey:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Turkey:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Turkey:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Turkey:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Turkey:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Turkey:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Turkey:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Turkey:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Turkey:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Turkey:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Turkey:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Turkey:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Turkey:Higher Education

Turkey:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Turkey:First Cycle Programmes

Turkey:Bachelor

Turkey:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Turkey:Second Cycle Programmes

Turkey:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Turkey:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Turkey:Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Distribution of Responsibilities

Turkey:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Turkey:Main Providers

Turkey:Main Types of Provision

Turkey:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Turkey:Teachers and Education Staff

Turkey:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Turkey:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Turkey:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Turkey:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Management and Other Education Staff

Turkey:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Turkey:Management Staff for Higher Education

Turkey:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Turkey:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Quality Assurance

Turkey:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Turkey:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Educational Support and Guidance

Turkey:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Turkey:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Turkey:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Turkey:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Turkey:Mobility and Internationalisation

Turkey:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Mobility in Higher Education

Turkey:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Turkey:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Turkey:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Turkey:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Turkey:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Turkey:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Turkey:National Reforms in School Education

Turkey:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Turkey:National Reforms in Higher Education

Turkey:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Turkey:European Perspective

Turkey:Legislation

Turkey:Glossary

In line with the amendments made in the 1739 National Education Law in 2012, "Secondary education on primary education compulsory four-year, formal or informal education generally includes all vocational and technical education institutions. These schools are awarded to graduating high school diploma. This level of education begins at the age of 14 and ends at at the age of 17. The following aims and functions of the secondary education are given in accordance with the general aims and basic principles of the National Education.

1. Providing the minimum education by giving common general knowledge to all students at secondary level people to recognize society problems, to seek solutions and international economic, social and cultural awareness to contribute to the development and to gain the power,

2. Students, various programs and interests in school and in accordance with the extent of competencies and abilities to prepare them for higher education or vocational and higher education mor both life and business

In this context,

a) To prepare students for the future with the knowledge, skills and physical, mental, moral, spiritual, social and cultural characteristics of the development towards democracy and respect for human rights,

b) To prepare students at the secondary level for life and business area for higher education by providing a common public culture and professional skills,

c) To ensure a dynamic, healthy and balanced structure in accordance with the principles and policies of the Ministry of National Education,

d) To develop students' self-confidence, self-control and sense of responsibility,

e) To develop students' habit of work and solidarity,

f) Students are able to learn a foreign language to follow the developments and changes in the world,

g) To enable students to produce knowledge to develop projects by using the knowledge and skills,

h)To provide efficient education by making use of the technology

i) To encourage individuals to adopt the principles of lifelong learning

j) To aim to encourage production and ensure compliance with international standards and certification of services (Article 7, Regulation of Secondary Education, 2015).

In addition to the aims mentioned above, types of institutions have more specific aims. While fulfilling this task, the students are provided with the ability to balance between the demands and needs of society. The functions of secondary institutions in accordance with basic principles of international law with the general and specific objectives of the Turkish national education are specified according to human rights and democracy; student-centered, active learning and democratic institutions fulfilling the cultural understanding (Article 5, Regulation of Secondary Education, 2015). These institutions (ISCED 3): Science High Schools, Social Sciences High School, Anatolian High School of Fine Arts and Sports High School; Vocational and Technical High School consist of Multi-Program High School Vocational and Technical Education Centers (Article 6 of the Regulation of Secondary Education, 2015).