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Switzerland:Teachers and Education Staff

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Overview Switzerland

Contents

Switzerland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Switzerland:Historical Development

Switzerland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Switzerland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Switzerland:Political and Economic Situation

Switzerland:Organisation and Governance

Switzerland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Switzerland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Switzerland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Switzerland:Organisation of Private Education

Switzerland:National Qualifications Framework

Switzerland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Switzerland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Switzerland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Switzerland:Funding in Education

Switzerland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Switzerland:Higher Education Funding

Switzerland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Switzerland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Switzerland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Switzerland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Switzerland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Switzerland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Switzerland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Switzerland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Switzerland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Switzerland:Primary Education

Switzerland:Organisation of Primary Education

Switzerland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Switzerland:Assessment in Primary Education

Switzerland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Switzerland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Switzerland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Switzerland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Switzerland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Switzerland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Switzerland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Switzerland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Switzerland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Switzerland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Switzerland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Switzerland:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Switzerland:Higher Education

Switzerland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Switzerland:First Cycle Programmes

Switzerland:Bachelor

Switzerland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Switzerland:Second Cycle Programmes

Switzerland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Switzerland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Switzerland:Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Teachers and Education Staff

Switzerland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Switzerland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Switzerland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Switzerland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Management and Other Education Staff

Switzerland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Switzerland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Switzerland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Switzerland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Quality Assurance

Switzerland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Switzerland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Educational Support and Guidance

Switzerland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Switzerland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Switzerland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Switzerland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Switzerland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Switzerland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Mobility in Higher Education

Switzerland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Switzerland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Switzerland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Switzerland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Switzerland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Switzerland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Switzerland:National Reforms in School Education

Switzerland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Switzerland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Switzerland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Switzerland:European Perspective

Switzerland:Legislation

Switzerland:Institutions

Switzerland:Glossary

Teacher training for pre-school level, primary school level, lower secondary level and upper secondary level general education schools (baccalaureate schools and upper secondary specialised schools) and for special needs education mainly takes place in universities of teacher education.

The Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education (EDK) regulations on the recognition of diplomas govern the recognition of diplomas throughout Switzerland and control the quality of training and leaving certificates. The regulations on recognition contain in particular minimum requirements as regards the training objectives and content, scope of studies, admission requirements and qualifications of lecturers and practical teachers. 
Teacher training courses qualify directly for the profession and lead to a teaching degree and to an academic degree — depending on the school level at which graduates are to teach, a Bachelor or a Master degree. The teaching degrees (diplomas) are recognised throughout Switzerland.

  • Pre-school level and/or primary school level teacher (at least a BA)
  • Lower secondary level teacher (at least a MA)
  • Upper secondary level baccalaureate school teacher, i.e. schools leading to the baccalaureate, upper secondary specialised school certificate or specialised baccalaureate (at least a MA plus one-year training leading to a teaching degree)
  • Training courses in the field of special needs education: specialising in remedial education in early childhood and remedial education at school (further study at Master level)
  • Training courses in speech therapy and psychomotor therapy (at least a BA)

Teacher training for vocational schools at upper secondary level and for colleges of professional education and training (PET colleges) at tertiary level takes place at the Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (SFIVET) and at other tertiary-level institutions such as universities of teacher education.

The Ordinance on Vocational and Professional Education and Training (VPETO) regulates the national recognition of diplomas and the quality of the training and leaving certificates. The VPETO contains minimum requirements relating to educational contents, scope of studies and admission requirements. The degrees qualify directly for the profession and are tailored to the specific educational situation. The teaching degrees (diplomas) are recognised throughout Switzerland.

  • General education teachers at VET schools
  • Vocational education teachers at VET schools
  • Teachers of vocational baccalaureate subjects
  • Teachers at colleges of professional education and training (PET colleges)

Employment conditions from entering the profession to retirement (terms of appointment, salary, etc.) are regulated by cantonal acts and provisions. This also applies to lecturers at higher education institutions – with the exception of those institutions for which the Confederation is responsible. Teachers and lecturers are public-sector, and in some cases private-sector, community employees. Civil servant status for teachers has been abolished in favour of contractual employment.

In their education acts and cantonal provisions the cantons lay down an obligation, and often also an entitlement, for teachers to complete continuing education and training (CET). For teachers at vocational schools CET is regulated by the Vocational and Professional Education and Training Ordinance (VPETO) and is compulsory. CET courses for teachers are offered by universities of teacher education and other institutions. For lecturers at higher education institutions universities or service centres offer specific CET and advisory services in the field of university teaching.

Training for people who implement training courses for adults is – with the exception of courses at higher education institutions and colleges of professional education and training (PET colleges) – not regulated by the state.


Legislative References

Verordnung über die Berufsbildung [Ordinance on Vocational and Professional Education and Training]