Switzerland:Teachers and Education Staff
- Belgium (Flemish Community)
- Belgium (French Community)
- Belgium (German-Speaking Community)
- Czech Republic
- United Kingdom (England)
- United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
- United Kingdom (Scotland)
- United Kingdom (Wales)
Teacher training for pre-school level, primary school level, lower secondary level and upper secondary level general education schools (baccalaureate schools and upper secondary specialised schools) and for special needs education mainly takes place in universities of teacher education.
The Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education (EDK) regulations on the recognition of diplomas govern the recognition of diplomas throughout Switzerland and control the quality of training and leaving certificates. The regulations on recognition contain in particular minimum requirements as regards the training objectives and content, scope of studies, admission requirements and qualifications of lecturers and practical teachers. Teacher training courses qualify directly for the profession and lead to a teaching degree and to an academic degree — depending on the school level at which graduates are to teach, a Bachelor or a Master degree. The teaching degrees (diplomas) are recognised throughout Switzerland.
- Pre-school level and/or primary school level teacher (at least a BA)
- Lower secondary level teacher (at least a MA)
- Upper secondary level baccalaureate school teacher, i.e. schools leading to the baccalaureate, upper secondary specialised school certificate or specialised baccalaureate (at least a MA plus one-year training leading to a teaching degree)
- Training courses in the field of special needs education: specialising in remedial education in early childhood and remedial education at school (further study at Master level)
- Training courses in speech therapy and psychomotor therapy (at least a BA)
Teacher training for vocational schools at upper secondary level and for colleges of professional education and training (PET colleges) at tertiary level takes place at the Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (SFIVET) and at other tertiary-level institutions such as universities of teacher education.
The Ordinance on Vocational and Professional Education and Training (VPETO) regulates the national recognition of diplomas and the quality of the training and leaving certificates. The VPETO contains minimum requirements relating to educational contents, scope of studies and admission requirements. The degrees qualify directly for the profession and are tailored to the specific educational situation. The teaching degrees (diplomas) are recognised throughout Switzerland.
- General education teachers at VET schools
- Vocational education teachers at VET schools
- Teachers of vocational baccalaureate subjects
- Teachers at colleges of professional education and training (PET colleges)
Employment conditions from entering the profession to retirement (terms of appointment, salary, etc.) are regulated by cantonal acts and provisions. This also applies to lecturers at higher education institutions – with the exception of those institutions for which the Confederation is responsible. Teachers and lecturers are public-sector, and in some cases private-sector, community employees. Civil servant status for teachers has been abolished in favour of contractual employment.
In their education acts and cantonal provisions the cantons lay down an obligation, and often also an entitlement, for teachers to complete continuing education and training (CET). For teachers at vocational schools CET is regulated by the Vocational and Professional Education and Training Ordinance (VPETO) and is compulsory. CET courses for teachers are offered by universities of teacher education and other institutions. For lecturers at higher education institutions universities or service centres offer specific CET and advisory services in the field of university teaching.
Training for people who implement training courses for adults is – with the exception of courses at higher education institutions and colleges of professional education and training (PET colleges) – not regulated by the state.
Verordnung über die Berufsbildung [Ordinance on Vocational and Professional Education and Training]