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Sweden:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

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Overview Sweden

Contents

Sweden:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Sweden:Historical Development

Sweden:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Sweden:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Sweden:Political and Economic Situation

Sweden:Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Sweden:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Sweden:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Sweden:Organisation of Private Education

Sweden:National Qualifications Framework

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Sweden:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Funding in Education

Sweden:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Sweden:Higher Education Funding

Sweden:Adult Education and Training Funding

Sweden:Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Sweden:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Higher Education

Sweden:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Sweden:First Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Bachelor

Sweden:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Sweden:Second Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Sweden:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Sweden:Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Distribution of Responsibilities

Sweden:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Sweden:Main Providers

Sweden:Main Types of Provision

Sweden:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Sweden:Teachers and Education Staff

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Management and Other Education Staff

Sweden:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Sweden:Management Staff for Higher Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Quality Assurance

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Educational Support and Guidance

Sweden:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Sweden:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Sweden:Mobility and Internationalisation

Sweden:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Mobility in Higher Education

Sweden:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Sweden:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Sweden:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:National Reforms in School Education

Sweden:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Sweden:National Reforms in Higher Education

Sweden:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Sweden:European Perspective

Sweden:Legislation

Sweden:Institutions

Sweden:Glossary

Early Childhood Education and Care

Number of Preschools, School-age Childcare Centres and Preschool Class Institutions


Total Publically managed Independently managed
Open preschools 474 427 47
Preschools 9 774 7 106 2 668
Preschool class 3 650 3 063 587
Leisure time centres 4 239 3 560 679
Open leisure time centres 676 534 142

Independently managed grant-aided childcare is most common in the bigger cities and their suburbs. Of 290 Swedish municipalities 243 had grant-aided independent preschools in 2015/16. 

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Number of Children Enrolled in Preschool, School-age Childcare and Preschool Class


Total Publically managed Independently managed
Open preschools n/a n/a n/a
Preschools 493 609 397 254 96 642
Preschool class 116 312 104 053 12 259
Leisure time centres 461 871 406 763 55 108
Open leisure time centres n/a n/a n/a

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Share of Children Enrolled in Preschool (%)


Total Publically managed Independently managed
1 year 47.6 38.4 9.2
2 years 87.8 70.7 17.2
3 years 92.3 74.2 18.2
4 years 93.9 75.6 18.3
5 years 94.1 76.0 18.2
Total (1-5 years) 83.2 67.0 16.2
 

Share of Children Enrolled in Preschool Class (%)

5 years 6 years 7 years
0.7 96.5 0.9

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Number of Employees


Total Publically managed Independently managed
Open preschools 721 656 65
Preschools 102 352 82 314 20 092
Preschool class 11 539 10 313 1 226
Leisure time centres 35 852 31 862 3 997
Open leisure time centres 1 129 869 260

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Number of Full-time Employees1)


Total Publically managed Independently managed
Open preschools 562 519 43
Preschools 94 180 75 374 18 806
Preschool class 7 095 6 335 760
Leisure time centres 21 124 19 016 2 108
Open leisure time centres 664 520 144

1) Number of employees converted into full-time equivalents

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Number of Children per Full-time Employee


Total Publically managed Independently managed
Open preschools n/a n/a n/a
Preschools 5.2 5.3 5.1
Preschool class 16.4 16.4 16.2
Leisure time centres 21.9 21.4 26.3
Open leisure time centres n/a n/a n/a

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Single Structure Education

Number of Institutions and Number of Pupils


Number of institutions Number of pupils
Municipal schools 4 012 839 981
Sami schools 5 161
Grant-aided independent schools 827 145 471
   General 710 128 251
   Denominational 65 8 884
   Waldorf 38 5 003
   International 11 3 048
   National boarding schools 3 285
Total 4 845 985 620

Of 290 Swedish municipalities 186 had grant-aided independent schools and 4 had sami schools in 2015/16. Grant-aided independent schools are most common in the bigger cities and their suburbs.

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agengy for Education (2015/16)

Number of Pupils Completing Compulsory School


Total Girls Boys
Number of pupils completing compulsory school 105 773 49 129 56 644
Share not meeting one or more goals of knowledge (%) 25.8 20.1 30.7
Share eligible for higher preparatory programmes in upper secondary schools


   Natural Science/Technology Programme 79.4 84.5 75.0
   Business Studies/Humanities/Social Science Programme 80.6 85.7 76.2
   Art, Music and Drama Programme 82.1 86.9 78.0
Share eligible for national vocational programmes in upper secondary schools (%) 83.1 87.7 79.0

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Number of Teachers and Number of Pupils per Teacher


Total Publically managed Independently managed
Number of teachers 93 591 80 180 13 973
Number of full-time teachers1) 80 515 69 478 11 037
Number of pupils per full-time teacher 12.2 12.12) 13.2
Share of employed teachers with a pedagogical university degree (%) 82.5 84.72) 68.7

1) Number of teachers converted into full-time equivalents

2) Data covers only municipal schools

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Upper Secondary Education

Number of Institutions and Number of Students


Number of institutions Number of students
Municipal schools 842 236 974
County council schools 18 2 413
Grant-aided independent schools 443 83 754
Total 1 303 323 141

Of 290 Swedish municipalities 104 had grant-aided independent upper secondary schools. Grant-aided independent schools are most common in the bigger cities and their suburbs.

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Number of Students per Programme


Total Women Men
Vocational programmes 95 042 38 701 56 341
Higher education preparatory programmes 185 509 97 684 87 825
Introductory programmes 42 590 15 997 26 593

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Number of Students Completing Upper Secondary School


Total Diploma Study certificate
Vocational programmes 29 186 25 165 4 021
Higher education preparatory programmes 55 263 50 216 5 047

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2014/15)

Student Completion within Three Years (%)


Total Vocational programmes Higher education preparatory programmes
Completed studies 71.7 77.8 82.1
   Diploma 65.2 69.9 75.5
   Study certificate 6.5 7.9 6.6
   Eligibility for higher education 53.4 30.6 75.1
Non-completed studies 28.4 22.8 18.0
   Year 1 6.5 3.2 1.4
   Year 2 11.8 9.7 7.7
   Year 3 10.1 9.3 8.9

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2014/15)

For information about admission requirements for tertiary education, see 7.2.1 Bachelor.

Number of Teachers and Number of Students per Teacher


Total Publically managed Independently managed Vocational subjects
Number of teachers 32 656 24 973 7 841 8 545
Number of full-time teachers1) 27 245 21 183 6 061 6 754
Number of pupils per full-time teacher 11.9 11.42) 13.8 n/a
Share of employed teachers with a pedagogical university degree (%) 77.1 80.72) 66.7 59.3

1) Number of teachers converted into full-time equivalents

2) Data covers only municipal schools

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015/16)

Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Number of Ongoing Education Rounds

Manufacturing technology 381
Business, administration and sales
360
IT
249
Social structure and construction
223
Health care and social work  204
Culture, media and design  99
Hospitality and tourism  97
Agriculture, animal care, gardening, forestry and fishery
79
Transportation 47
Pedagogics 21
Health 20
Journalism and information 18
Other 47
Total 1 845

Higher vocational education could be provided by state universities, state university colleges, municipalities, county councils and independent education providers. Every year, the Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education calls for applications from education providers who want their education programmes to be part of the Swedish higher vocational education. Approved applications are valid for two education rounds, after which the provider has to hand in a new application. 

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education (2015) 

Number of Students and Degrees


Total Women Men
Number of students 46 400 24 100 22 300
Number of degrees1) 11 500 6 300 5 200
Graduation rate (%)1) 72 77 66

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education (2015)

1) Data from 2014

Higher Education

Number of Institutions

State universities 14
State university colleges 17
Independent higher education providers 17

Source: The Swedish Higher Education Authority

Number of Students and Degrees

First- and second-cycle programmes
   Number of students 343 344
   Number of full-time equivalents 295 110
   New entrants at the institutions 169 842
   Number of degrees 80 882
Third-cycle programmes
   Number of students 18 443
   Number of full-time equivalents 13 315
   New third-cycle students 2 985
   PhD degrees 2 835
   Licentiate degrees 721

Source: Statistics from the Swedish Higher Education Authority (2015)

Teaching and Research Staff

Number of teaching and research staff 29 179
Teaching and research staff with a PhD (%) 58

Source: Statistics from the Swedish Higher Education Authority (2015)

Adult Education and Training

Number of Institutions

Municipal adult education n/a
Folk high school 154

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015) and Folkbildningsrådet

Number of Students

Municipal adult education

   Number of students 214 811
   Number of full-time equivalents 94 526
Folk high school

   Number of full-time equivalents 27 680

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015) and statistics from Folkbildningsrådet (2015)

Number of Teachers

Municipal adult education
   Number of teachers 4 883
   Share of employed teachers with a pedagogical university degree (%) 78.3
   Number of students per teacher (full-time equivalent) 16.5
Folk high school

   Number of teachers 3 018
   Share of employed teachers with a pedagogical university degree (%) 62
   Number of students per teacher (full-time equivalent) 11.5

Source: Statistics from the Swedish National Agency for Education (2015) and statistics from Folkbildningsrådet (2015)