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Sweden:Overview

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Overview Sweden

Contents

Sweden:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Sweden:Historical Development

Sweden:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Sweden:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Sweden:Political and Economic Situation

Sweden:Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Sweden:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Sweden:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Sweden:Organisation of Private Education

Sweden:National Qualifications Framework

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Sweden:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Funding in Education

Sweden:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Sweden:Higher Education Funding

Sweden:Adult Education and Training Funding

Sweden:Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Sweden:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Higher Education

Sweden:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Sweden:First Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Bachelor

Sweden:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Sweden:Second Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Sweden:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Sweden:Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Distribution of Responsibilities

Sweden:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Sweden:Main Providers

Sweden:Main Types of Provision

Sweden:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Sweden:Teachers and Education Staff

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Management and Other Education Staff

Sweden:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Sweden:Management Staff for Higher Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Quality Assurance

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Educational Support and Guidance

Sweden:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Sweden:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Sweden:Mobility and Internationalisation

Sweden:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Mobility in Higher Education

Sweden:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Sweden:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Sweden:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:National Reforms in School Education

Sweden:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Sweden:National Reforms in Higher Education

Sweden:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Sweden:European Perspective

Sweden:Legislation

Sweden:Institutions

Sweden:Glossary

 


Sweden has a population of 9.7 million people and by the end of 2013, 3 492 923 were between 0 and 29 years old. Almost half the Swedish population is involved in some form of organised education and 920 997 are pupils in compulsory school. The main language of instruction is Swedish. There are state schools for the Sami population in the north of Sweden, with teaching in Swedish and Sami. Sweden has among the highest public spending on education relative to GDP in the EU with 7.93% in 2013. 

In Sweden, all pupils in compulsory and upper secondary school attend publicly funded schools. 14 % of the pupils in compulsory school and 26 % in upper secondary school attend grant-aided independent schools (2013/2014). Such schools are open to all, follow the same curricula and receive grants from the municipalities as municipal schools do. There are around 17 private higher education institutions, some of which receive state subsidies.

All education in the school system and in higher education institutions - except for students from non-EU/EEA countries - is free of charge. Study support for university students is primarily intended to cover the student's living costs during his/her higher education period. The study support system is equal for all, includes almost all citizens, is given directly to the student and is principally granted independently of parents' or family's financial situation. It consists of a loan and a grant and can be granted for full or part-time studies. A study allowance promotes high participation in secondary school and contributes to the costs of young people's education. It is given in addition to other societal support to families with children. There are various other types of study support intended for specific groups of students, for example disabled students.

Education in Sweden is steered by goals/learning outcomes defined at central level. The government has the overall responsibility for education and sets the framework for education at all levels, but the municipalities are responsible for providing and operating schools at primary and secondary level, and adult education at basic and secondary level and Swedish tuition for immigrants. For schools there are curricula, goals and syllabi. Higher education institutions are responsible for tertiary education. Laws and ordinances set their legal framework and stipulate degrees in first, second and third cycle tertiary education and their requirements. Post secondary vocational education (at ISCED level 4) is organised and run by a specialised agency, The Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education (Myndigheten för yrkeshögskolan).

For further information, please consult the introduction articles of Organisation and Governance and of each educational level: Early Childhood Education and CareSingle Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary EducationHigher Education and Adult Education and Training.

For a brief description of other main topics regarding the national education system, please read the introduction article of Funding in EducationTeachers and Education StaffManagement and Other Education StaffQuality AssuranceEducational Support and Guidance and Mobility and Internationalisation

For information on recently adopted or planned reforms and policy measures, please consult topic Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

While Eurypedia provides comprehensive and comparable information, further information may also be found on the websites of the Ministry of Education and Research as well as other government agencies: 

Ministry of Education and Research

Swedish National Agency for Education

Swedish National Agency for Higher Education

Swedish Council for Higher Education

Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education

National Agency for Special Needs Education and Schools

Swedish Schools Inspectorate

Statistics Sweden


Structure of the national education system

Age of students                                                                                                                                    Programme duration (years)

2015 Diagram SE.png

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source: Eurydice 2016


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