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Sweden:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

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Sweden:Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

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Sweden:Mobility and Internationalisation

Sweden:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Mobility in Higher Education

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Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Sweden:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Sweden:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:National Reforms in School Education

Sweden:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Sweden:National Reforms in Higher Education

Sweden:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Sweden:European Perspective

Sweden:Legislation

Sweden:Institutions

Sweden:Glossary

Introduction

The preschool class is a voluntary type of school within the public school system. The activities in preschool classes should be considered as teaching in the same sense as in other types of school. The curriculum used in the compulsory school system also applies to the preschool class. The education in preschool class will encourage each child’s learning and development at the same time as providing a foundation for continued schooling. It is mandatory for municipalities to provide preschool classes and for all six year olds to be offered a place for a minimum of 525 hours. Participation is voluntary for the children.

Accessibility

Irrespective of where they live, all children must have equal access to the public education system. Each type of school must offer equivalent education irrespective of provider. There are preschool classes (förskoleklasser) in all municipalities. The municipality is responsible for offering a place in a preschool class as close to the child's home or school as possible. Reasonable regard shall also be paid to guardian's wishes. The municipalities are not legally obligated to provide transportation to preschool or preschool class. However, some municipalities provide transportation free of charge for children in preschool class.

Admission Requirements and Choice of Preschool Class

The municipalities are obliged to offer all children six years of age 525 hours per year in the preschool class, however, children are not obliged to attend. The preschool class is one year and takes place the year before a child starts compulsory school, however, a child may be admitted to preschool class before the autumn term of the year when the child is six years old. Parents choose which preschool class the child shall attend in the same way as they choose compulsory school. If a place in a chosen school is not available and the municipality places the pupil elsewhere that decision cannot be appealed.

Over ten percent of the pupils attended a preschool class organised by independent management in 2014/15. The proportion of pupils attending independent facilities varied between municipalities and was highest in major cities and suburban municipalities. In one of ten municipalities, more than 13 percent of the pupils were enrolled in a independent school’s preschool class, while almost 100 municipalities had no pupils in such facilities. The activities in preschool class are often in terms of both location and personnel integrated with compulsory schools and leisure-time centres.

Age Levels and Grouping of Children

There are no national regulations as regards size of classes etc. Almost all pupils in the preschool class are enrolled from the autumn term the calendar year they turn six, 96 percent of six year olds were enrolled in 2014/15. They are enrolled for one school year. Less than one per cent of the pupils that started preschool class in 2014/15 were five year olds, and 1.5 per cent started in the year they turned seven.

Organisation of Time

The preschool class follows the same structure of the school year as the compulsory school. For more information on the organisation of the year for compulsory school see 5.1 - Organisation of the School Year.

Organisation of the Day and the Week

There is no syllabus for preschool class, and neither is there any regulation as to how time should be allocated to various activities. There is no timetable for the preschool class; the daily workload distribution is decided at each school or institution. Attendance is approximately 3 hours a day. During the rest of the day, the pupils are either in the leisure time centre or in pedagogical care.

An agreement is made between parents and the municipality that the municipality shall be responsible for the care of children during a given part of the day. The municipality documents this agreement.