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Sweden:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

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Overview Sweden

Contents

Sweden:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Sweden:Historical Development

Sweden:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Sweden:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Sweden:Political and Economic Situation

Sweden:Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Sweden:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Sweden:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Sweden:Organisation of Private Education

Sweden:National Qualifications Framework

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Sweden:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Funding in Education

Sweden:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Sweden:Higher Education Funding

Sweden:Adult Education and Training Funding

Sweden:Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Sweden:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Higher Education

Sweden:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Sweden:First Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Bachelor

Sweden:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Sweden:Second Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Sweden:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Sweden:Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Distribution of Responsibilities

Sweden:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Sweden:Main Providers

Sweden:Main Types of Provision

Sweden:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Sweden:Teachers and Education Staff

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Management and Other Education Staff

Sweden:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Sweden:Management Staff for Higher Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Quality Assurance

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Educational Support and Guidance

Sweden:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Sweden:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Sweden:Mobility and Internationalisation

Sweden:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Mobility in Higher Education

Sweden:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Sweden:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Sweden:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:National Reforms in School Education

Sweden:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Sweden:National Reforms in Higher Education

Sweden:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Sweden:European Perspective

Sweden:Legislation

Sweden:Institutions

Sweden:Glossary

2017

New paths to higher vocational education

The government has decided that higher vocational education will include preparation courses and individual courses. The aim is to give more students access to higher vocational education to improve the shortage of skilled labour.

Extended right to municipal adult education

In the budget bill for 2016 the government announced that a right to study municipal adult education at upper secondary level would be introduced. It implies a right for adults to education leading to eligibility for higher education. The opportunity to complement previous studies though municipal adult education currently varies across different municipalities. The introduction of a right to municipal adult education at upper secondary level will strengthen equality in education. Adults who have aspirations to get an upper secondary education in order continue to higher education or improve their changes in the labour market will have the right to do so regardless of where they live. The extended right to adult education at upper secondary level came into force in 2017. The cost of the right to adult education at upper secondary level is estimated at SEK 537 million from 2017.

2016

Expansion of higher vocational education

From 2017 there will be 6 000 new permanent places within higher vocational education. To improve the quality, the goverment has also proposed that it should be possible for an education programme to be part of the Swedish higher vocational education system for more than two education periods. The government has also proposed that education providers within the Swedish higher vocational education system should be given the opportunity to provide education programmes on upper secondary level to increase the number of students eligible for higher vocational education. The changes, including increased requriments regarding the competence and the ability of education providers to provide high quality education programmes, are proposed to enter into force as of 1 January 2017.

New requirements to obtain a higher vocational education diploma

In order to increase the quality of higher vocational education, there has been several changes in the Higher Vocational Education Ordinance during 2016. The requirements to obtain a higher vocational education diploma or an advanced higher vocational education diploma are since 1 February 2016 based on the national qualification framework and a thesis is now also included in the requirements. Another exmaple is that the steering group for each course included in the system of higher vocational education should include a representative from the Swedish school system. There have also been changes that concerns the quality assurance process by the Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education.

Investment in vocational education

Labour market demand for people with upper secondary and higher education is increasing, while demand for those with shorter education decreases. Over a fifth of young people aged 20-24 lack a three year upper secondary education and unemployment is twice as high in that group as among young people with an upper secondary education. Young people's interest in vocational education programmes has declined for several years. In the budget for 2016, the government makes a series of investments to strengthen the quality and attractiveness of upper secondary vocational education. The total investment proposal of SEK 67 million in vocational education includes:

  • Extending and strengthening the efforts to get more teachers in vocational subjects to obtain their teacher certificate. The government's intention is that teachers in vocational subjects will eventually also be required to be certified to the same extent as other teachers.
  • Continued efforts to strengthen the collaboration between school and the workplace, partly to support the proposals from the investigation into vocational programmes (Yrkesprogramsutredningen) was presented in November 2015.
  • Strengthening workplace learning. The intention is to reorganise the financial support to those offering work based learning places to reinforce incentives of having trained mentors.
  • Activities directly aimed at strengthening the attractiveness of vocational programs. These include an extension of the initiative to develop the skills of guidance counselors and the extension of the technological leap (Tekniksprånget)

Changes in the Swedish for immigrants education

The government proposal “Personalised education – a more efficient SFI and adult education” (Ökad individanpassning - en effektivare sfi och vuxenutbildning) contains proposals for amendments to, amongst other things, the Education Act aimed at creating more efficient and personalised adult education. Particular attention is paid to education in Swedish for immigrants and municipal adult education at the basic level. 

The proposal suggests that education in Swedish for immigrants will no longer be a separate type of education within the school system, but should instead be included in the municipal adult education. The pupil's home municipality shall be required to ensure that a person who intends to commence training in adult education or special education for adults at the basic level is offered guidance and counseling. The municipality will also be responsible for an individual study plan for each student. The changes apply from 1 July 2016. For more information, in Swedish only, see the government proposal

2015

Sweden introduces a national qualification framework 
Sweden introduces a national qualification framework in accordance with the European Parliament recommendation on a European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning. Learners, graduates, education providers and employers can use the framework to understand and compare qualifications awarded in different countries and by different education and training systems.

The government determines which level of the national qualification framework certain qualifications correspond to. It will be possible to apply for level assessment of other qualifications. It is the awarding body of a particular qualification that applies for level assessment, the awarding body will be charged for the level assessment. The framework applies from 1 October 2015.

Improved tuition in Swedish for immigrants
The government proposal “Increased individualilsation – more efficient Swedish for Immigrants and adult education” (Ökad individanpassning - en effektivare SFI och vuxenutbildning) was passed by the parliament and moves the responsibility for the Swedish courses to the authority for municipal adult education. Municipalities will continue to offer part time education as well as evening classes, and all students should have the right to an individual study plan and to see a guidance counselor. The changes came into force 1 January 2016 and will apply from 1 July in 2016. 

Art- and culture education replaces supplementary education
A new form of post-secondary education, art- and culture education (konst- och kulturutbildningar) was introduced in the autumn 2015, replacing supplementary education (kompletterande utbildningar). The Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education is the permit authority and distributes state grants to the programmes. For more information, in Swedish only, see The Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education . 

Increased Diversity in Vocational Education through Recognition of Prior Learning

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education (Myndigheten för yrkeshögskolan) introduces a project to investigate the effect recognition of prior learning has on diversity. By recognising a candidate’s skills the agency hopes to broaden recruitment and increase diversity. The agency also aims to create national methods for recognition of prior learning in vocational education through an economic incentive. The scheme started in the autumn 2015. For more information, in Swedish only, see The Swedish National Agency for Higher Vocational Education

Proposed investment in adult education

The Spring Fiscal Policy Bill proposes 6500 new training places in adult education in 2015. The proposal would signify 1200 additional places in higher education, 4500 in adult education (including vocational education) and 750 additional places in the general courses at folk high schools. The parliament is expected to adopt a decision on the Spring Fiscal Policy Bill in June. For more information in English, see the summary of the Spring Fiscal Policy Bill for 2015. The Spring Fiscal Policy Bill was approved by parliament 16 June 2015. 

Proposed investment in trainee jobs

Trainee jobs are targeted at 20-24 year olds and are composed of 50 percent paid work and 50 percent training. The state pays half the wage cost for private sector jobs in sectors with staff shortages. The scheme is expected to generate 590 trainee jobs in 2015 and 7100 jobs in 2016. The proposed investment is SEK 440 million in 2015 and SEK 1.47 billion in 2016 to then gradually increase to SEK 2 billion in 2019. The Spring Fiscal Policy Bill was approved by parliament 16 June 2015. For more information in English, see the summary of the Spring Fiscal Policy Bill for 2015.