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Sweden:National Reforms in Higher Education

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Overview Sweden

Contents

Sweden:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Sweden:Historical Development

Sweden:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Sweden:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Sweden:Political and Economic Situation

Sweden:Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Sweden:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Sweden:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Sweden:Organisation of Private Education

Sweden:National Qualifications Framework

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Sweden:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Funding in Education

Sweden:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Sweden:Higher Education Funding

Sweden:Adult Education and Training Funding

Sweden:Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Sweden:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Higher Education

Sweden:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Sweden:First Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Bachelor

Sweden:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Sweden:Second Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Sweden:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Sweden:Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Distribution of Responsibilities

Sweden:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Sweden:Main Providers

Sweden:Main Types of Provision

Sweden:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Sweden:Teachers and Education Staff

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Management and Other Education Staff

Sweden:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Sweden:Management Staff for Higher Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Quality Assurance

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Educational Support and Guidance

Sweden:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Sweden:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Sweden:Mobility and Internationalisation

Sweden:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Mobility in Higher Education

Sweden:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Sweden:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Sweden:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:National Reforms in School Education

Sweden:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Sweden:National Reforms in Higher Education

Sweden:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Sweden:European Perspective

Sweden:Legislation

Sweden:Institutions

Sweden:Glossary

2017

Increased number of university places for people with foreign degrees

In 2017 the Swedish government has increased the number of student places for people with foreign degrees in three areas. In total there are now about 60 new student places on additional training for biomedical scientists, 90 new student places for economists and 40 new student places for computer scientists. These changes affect several universities across Sweden.

Proposal to increase teachers' competence in neuropsychiatric disabilities

The government proposes that 15 higher education credits in the programme for special needs teachers shall be dedicated to increase competence in neuropsychiatric disabilities including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The proposed changes are expected to come into force in July 2018. 

Inquiry regarding increased internationalisation of higher education

The Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet) will conduct an inquiry with the aim to propose new goals and a new national strategy for the internationalisation of universities. The strategy will include proposals on how more students can gain an international perspective in their education.

2016

SEK 2.8 billion in increased funding for research

The government proposes a gradual increase of government funding for research. SEK 390 million in extra funding will be allocated in 2017 and, after a yearly increase during 2018 and 2019, SEK 2.8 billion in extra funding will be allocated in 2020. Universities and university colleges will receive a major part of the funding. A major part will also be allocated for research regarding societal challenges: climate and environment, health and life science, inclusive and sustainable society and increased digitalisation.

3 600 new places within the teacher and preschool teacher programmes

Because of the expected lack of teachers and preschool teachers within a couple of years, the government will increase the number of places within the teacher and preschool teacher programmes. The expansion will include 3 600 new places and will be fully developed and permanent as of 2021. The table shows allocated funding due to the expansion.


2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Education costs (MSEK) 54 108 162 216 270
Student aid costs (MSEK) 29 59 91 126 157

As a complement, a web course will be available for teachers and preschool teachers who want to start teaching again after being absent from the profession for some time. The course covers for example changes in the Education Act and new curricula. 

19 higher education providers will start education programmes for people with foreign degrees   

19 universities and university colleges will start supplementary higher education programmes for people with foreign degrees, for example pharmacists, architects, midwives, engineers and nurses. The education programmes will cover no more than two years of full-time study.

Extended initiative to increase the interest for engineering degree programmes

Tekniksprånget is a Swedish initiative to increase the interest for engineering degree programmes among young women and men that have completed a natural science or technology upper secondary programme. The government is now allocating SEK 11 million per year for 2018 and 2019 to extend the initiative for another two years.

Investments in more places and better quality in higher education

The government will invest in around 14 300 new places in higher education by 2018. SEK 125 million was invested in 2015 to strengthen the quality of higher education and the investment will continue with SEK 250 million per year 2016-2018.  The investment in improved quality of education is intended for humanities and social sciences as well as for teacher and preschool teacher education.

Evaluation of sustainabiliy in higher education

The government has decided to give the Swedish Higher Education Authority (Universitetskanslersämbetet) the task to carry out an evaluation of the universities' work with sustainable development. Some examples of areas that deal with sustainable development include ethics, poverty reduction, sustainable urbanisation, democracy and governance. It is ten years since it was written into the Higher Education Act (Högskolelag, 1992:1434) that higher education institutions should promote sustainable development for both current and future generations to guarantee a healthy environment, economic and social welfare and justice. The evaluation will be submitted to the government September 1, 2017.

2015

Widening participation in Higher Education

The government has commissioned The Swedish Council for Higher Education (Universitets- och högskolerådet)  to survey and analyse the work of widening admission to higher education institutions. A survey will be carried out, followed by regional in-depth meetings with higher education institutions to identify and spread best practice examples. The aim is to increase the proportion of students from under-represented groups, including those whose parents have not studied at a higher education institution. The initiative shall be evaluated and reported to the government by 1 April 2016. For more information, in Swedish only, see The Swedish Council for Higher Education.

The Higher Education Act amended to allow tuition fees to foreign institutions in international collaborations

The Higher Education Act has been amended to allow tuition fees in international collaborations as of 1 February 2015. Students at Higher Education institutions in Sweden can be subject to tuition fees when taking part in international collaborations if the fees do not go to the Swedish institutions and do not relate to the part of the education organised by the Swedish institution. For more information see The Higher Education Act, in Swedish only. 

Group of experts appointed to increase gender equality in higher education

The Minister for Higher Education and Research, Helene Hellmark Knutsson, will appoint a group of experts to strengthen gender equality in higher education. The aims include that research proposals should be distributed equally, that the proportion of female professors will increase, and breaking the gendered notions that influence educational choices. The group will report their conclusions for greater equality in higher education to the government within a year. For more information, in Swedish only, see the government website