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Sweden:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

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Overview Sweden

Contents

Sweden:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Sweden:Historical Development

Sweden:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Sweden:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Sweden:Political and Economic Situation

Sweden:Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Sweden:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Sweden:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Sweden:Organisation of Private Education

Sweden:National Qualifications Framework

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Sweden:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Funding in Education

Sweden:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Sweden:Higher Education Funding

Sweden:Adult Education and Training Funding

Sweden:Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Sweden:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Higher Education

Sweden:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Sweden:First Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Bachelor

Sweden:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Sweden:Second Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Sweden:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Sweden:Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Distribution of Responsibilities

Sweden:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Sweden:Main Providers

Sweden:Main Types of Provision

Sweden:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Sweden:Teachers and Education Staff

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Management and Other Education Staff

Sweden:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Sweden:Management Staff for Higher Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Quality Assurance

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Educational Support and Guidance

Sweden:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Sweden:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Sweden:Mobility and Internationalisation

Sweden:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Mobility in Higher Education

Sweden:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Sweden:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Sweden:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:National Reforms in School Education

Sweden:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Sweden:National Reforms in Higher Education

Sweden:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Sweden:European Perspective

Sweden:Legislation

Sweden:Institutions

Sweden:Glossary

2017

Changes to the Discrimination Act 

As of 1 January, 2017 new regulations apply regarding active measures against discrimination. These regulations will apply to preschool, primary and lower secondary school and are regulated by the Education Act and part of the Discrimination Act. For more information see the Swedish National Agency for Education's (Skolverket) new regulations.

Cooperation for Better Schools includes the preschool and the preschool class

The Cooperation for Better Schools (Samverkan för bästa skola) aims to improve quality and increase equality within the Swedish school system.The initiative has been extended to also include the preschool and the preschool class. There will be a particular focus on preschools and preschool classes operating in challenging conditions. Participation in the programme will be based on an assessment by the responsible authority, the Swedish National Agency for Education (Skolverket). For more information see the official Swedish government webpage.

Revised maximum preschool fee

The income ceiling relating to the maximum preschool fee increased from 1 January 2017. The maximum preschool fee thereby increased from 1313 SEK to 1362 SEK per month for the first child. The maximum monthly fee for the second child is SEK 908 and SEK 454 for the third child. For more information about childcare fees, in Swedish only, see The Swedish National Agency for Education (Skolverket).

Funding for smaller group sizes in the preschool class

Preschool education providers can apply for a government grant to enable smaller groups of children. The intention is to raise the quality of the preschool class by reducing group sizes and increasing the number of staff. Particular focus will be on group sizes for the youngest children. Performance based support will be introduced and available to those heads who have small groups of children or reduce the size of large groups of children. SEK 970 million is allocated for this purpose in the academic year 2016/17.

2016

Extended boost for reading will include the preschool

From 2017 the preschool will be included in the boost for reading (läslyftet) and receive state grants for professional development for preschool teachers as well as for other initiatives that promote reading. SEK 6 million a year in 2017 and 2018 will be allocated for this purpose.

Reading inspiration for parents in socioeconomically disadvantage areas

The government will extend an ongoing initiative by the Swedish Arts Council (Statens kulturråd) to stimulate language and reading development among small children (Bokstart). Health care centers and public libraries cooperate within the initiative to provide parents with inspiration and information on reading. Part of the initiative focuses on socioeconomically disadvantage areas. The government will extend the initiative to include more municipalities and regions and the initiative will be more claerly linked to the ongoing work to promote reading in preschool. SEK 10 million a year are proposed to be allocated for this purpose in 2017-2020. 

National school development programmes will include preschool staff

A number of professional development initiatives are included in the national school development programmes, initiated by the government and implemented by the Swedish National Agency for Education (Skolverket). The programmes will now also include preschool staff. Starting in 2017, SEK 15 million per year are allocated for the purpose.

Revised preschool curriculum

The curriculum for the preschool was revised in 2016 to improve the transition between the preschool, the preschool class and the leisure time centre. The curriculum now states that information about the content of a child’s education shall be transferred from the preschool to the preschool class. The responsibility for the knowledge transfer has also been clarified.

More equal parental leave

Another month of parental leave has been reserved for each parent. The number of days of parental leave reserved for one parent that cannot be given to the other parent increases from 60 to 90 days. The change applies from 1 January 2016. 

Support for municipal summer activities

Many municipalities cut back on child and youth activities during the summer and leisure time centres often reduce their opening hours. From 2016 municipalities can apply for funding to, for example, organise summer camps, swimming trips, theatre performances or sport camps. The requirement is that the municipality already has summer activities that are free of charge. SEK 200 million a year is allocated for the initiative 2016-2019. The Swedish Agency for Youth and Civil Society (Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor) distributes the grants on behalf of the government. 

2015

Creative Schools Initiative proposed to include preschools 

The Creative Schools initiative (Skapande skola) was launched in 2008 with the aim of strengthening the work of schools in the area of culture. Since 2013, Creative Schools has covered all of compulsory school and applies to both state and independent schools. The objective is long-term integration of cultural and artistic expression in schools through greater collaboration with cultural operators, which will lead to better achievement of the knowledge goals. In the 2015 Spring Fiscal Policy Bill the government proposed to extend the initiative to include preschools. The proposed budget is SEK 10 million per year 2015-2018. The grants are distributed by the Swedish Arts Council (Kulturrådet). 

Improved quality in the preschool class and the leisure time centre

The intention is to raise the quality of the preschool class and the leisure time center by reducing group sizes and increasing the number of staff. Particular focus will be on group sizes for the youngest children. Performance based support will be introduced and available to those headteachers who have small groups of children or reduce the size of large groups of children. SEK 415 million is allocated for this purpose in 2015. For more information, in Swedish only, see the education committee’s report.