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Sweden:Mobility and Internationalisation

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Overview Sweden

Contents

Sweden:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Sweden:Historical Development

Sweden:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Sweden:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Sweden:Political and Economic Situation

Sweden:Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Sweden:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Sweden:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Sweden:Organisation of Private Education

Sweden:National Qualifications Framework

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Sweden:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Funding in Education

Sweden:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Sweden:Higher Education Funding

Sweden:Adult Education and Training Funding

Sweden:Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Sweden:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Higher Education

Sweden:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Sweden:First Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Bachelor

Sweden:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Sweden:Second Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Sweden:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Sweden:Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Distribution of Responsibilities

Sweden:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Sweden:Main Providers

Sweden:Main Types of Provision

Sweden:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Sweden:Teachers and Education Staff

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Management and Other Education Staff

Sweden:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Sweden:Management Staff for Higher Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Quality Assurance

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Educational Support and Guidance

Sweden:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Sweden:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Sweden:Mobility and Internationalisation

Sweden:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Mobility in Higher Education

Sweden:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Sweden:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Sweden:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:National Reforms in School Education

Sweden:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Sweden:National Reforms in Higher Education

Sweden:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Sweden:European Perspective

Sweden:Legislation

Sweden:Institutions

Sweden:Glossary

This chapter will present existing programmes, projects and initiatives carried out in order to achieve national policy goals in mobility. Other dimensions of internaionalisation, like curriculum development, are also presented. The information will be organised into subsections corresponding to the three education levels and type of internationlisation. This chapter also gives information regarding Swedens involvement in bilateral agreements with third countries as well as in worldwide programmes and organisations.

Compulsory education schools, upper secondary schools, adult education and higher education, all take part in international cooperation through internationalisation of teaching and education nationally, as well as through transnational mobility of pupils, students and teachers as well as administrative staff. Swedish schools at all levels have since the beginning of the 20th century worked with various forms of international orientation. The internationalisation of higher education has been on the agenda in Sweden for about three decades.

Being a small country with a less spoken language, the educational rationale for internationalisation has always been strong in Sweden; the competitiveness of Swedish industry abroad is still an important factor. When Sweden actively started to seek membership of the European Union, politicians from various parties repeatedly stressed the need for a European orientation. This European bias has been balanced by a renewed focus on the role that Sweden can play in a wider international context. The traditional Swedish involvement in humanitarian and peacekeeping missions based on a policy of international non-alignment is also a factor of some importance.

Continued internationalisation is regarded as an important factor to improve the quality of the Swedish education system, in line with Government policy of securing Sweden’s position as a knowledge-oriented nation. The initiatives to broaden recruitment to higher education are parts of the internationalisation of education. To recruit more students with foreign background is a question of equality but also of quality, since a multitude of social backgrounds allow different perspectives and create valuable dynamic effects.

The main outlines of national educational policies are drawn by the Government (regeringen) and are expressed through steering documents including the Education Act (Skollagen), the Higher Education Act (Högskolelagen), and ordinances, national curricula, programme goals and syllabi. The Swedish Education Act makes no reference to internationalisation; instead the aims and tasks to be pursued by Swedish schools at all levels are in the national curricula and syllabi, and at a more detailed level locally, see 13.4 (Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education) and 13.5 (Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education). The Higher Education Act stipulates that universities and university colleges in their activities should promote the understanding of other countries and of international conditions.

Provisions in the Higher Education Ordinance (Högskoleförordningen, SFS 1993:100) exemplify how the Swedish education system is influenced by international co-operation. In accordance with the Lisbon Convention, the Ordinance entails regulations about the recognition of higher education qualifications and stipulates that a Diploma Supplement shall be issued automatically together with higher education diplomas. Most higher education institutions have drawn up internationalisation plans and as a rule has administrators dealing with issues relating to internationalisation.

The Swedish policy for global development aims to contribute to the achievement of the UN Millennium Development Goals. For the field of education, this means that further measures should be taken to develop contacts with developing countries through mobility and exchange, and that support be provided for the building of education systems and research institutions in partner countries. Support should be provided continuously to Swedish development research and to the establishment of a resource base for development cooperation in Sweden.

The European as well as the national programmes for mobility in education are administered by the Swedish Council for Higher Education (Universitets- och högskolerådet), established in January 2013. This is where you will find the following: 


•Support and information regarding international cooperation and academic exchange across the entire educational spectrum.

•Nordic and European exchange services for state officials and training in preparation for the EU's civil service exams. 

•Admissions regulations and admission processes for institutions of higher education. 

•Administration of the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test and information regarding studies at the higher education level.

•Evaluation of foreign academic qualifications.