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Sweden:Legislation

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Overview Sweden

Contents

Sweden:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Sweden:Historical Development

Sweden:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Sweden:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Sweden:Political and Economic Situation

Sweden:Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Sweden:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Sweden:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Sweden:Organisation of Private Education

Sweden:National Qualifications Framework

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Sweden:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Sweden:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Sweden:Funding in Education

Sweden:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Sweden:Higher Education Funding

Sweden:Adult Education and Training Funding

Sweden:Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Sweden:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Sweden:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Sweden:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Upper General and Vocational Secondary Education

Sweden:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Sweden:Higher Education

Sweden:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Sweden:First Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Bachelor

Sweden:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Sweden:Second Cycle Programmes

Sweden:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Sweden:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Sweden:Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Distribution of Responsibilities

Sweden:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Sweden:Main Providers

Sweden:Main Types of Provision

Sweden:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Sweden:Teachers and Education Staff

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Management and Other Education Staff

Sweden:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Sweden:Management Staff for Higher Education

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Sweden:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Quality Assurance

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Sweden:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Educational Support and Guidance

Sweden:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Sweden:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Sweden:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Sweden:Mobility and Internationalisation

Sweden:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Mobility in Higher Education

Sweden:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Sweden:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Sweden:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Sweden:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Sweden:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Sweden:National Reforms in School Education

Sweden:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Sweden:National Reforms in Higher Education

Sweden:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Sweden:European Perspective

Sweden:Legislation

Sweden:Institutions

Sweden:Glossary

General Legislation

Laws

Arbetsmiljölag (1977:1160)

The Work Environment Act

Arbetsmiljölag (1977:1160) entered into force on 1 July 1978 and contains regulations about the obligations of employers and others responsible for safety, to prevent health problems and accidents at work. It also contains regulations about the cooperation between employer and employee regarding health and safety issues.


Diskrimineringslag (2008:567)

The Discrimination Act

Diskrimineringslag (2008:567) entered into force on 1 January 2009. It contains regulations against discrimination and to promote equal rights and opportunities regardless of sex, transgender identity or expression, ethnicity, religion or other belief, disability, sexual orientation or age.


Förvaltningslag (1986:223)

The Administrative Procedure Act 

Förvaltningslag (1986:223) entered into force on 1 January 1987. It applies to the handling of matters by the administrative authorities and the handling of administrative matters by the courts. It also apply to other kinds of administrative activity within these authorities. 


Lag (1993:387) om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade

The act on service and support to certain people with disabilities

Lag (1993:387) om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade entered into force 1 January 1994. Under the act, children with severe disabilities are entitled to personal assistance and a number of other forms of support and service.


Offentlighets- och sekretesslag (2009:400)

The Public Access to Information and Secrecy Act 

Offentlighets- och sekretesslag (2009:400) entered into force on 30 June 2009. It contains provisions that supplement the provisions contained in the Freedom of the Press Act (Tryckfrihetsförordning (1949:105))on the right to obtain official documents, for example provisions on the obligation of public authorities to register official documents, appeals against decisions of authorities, etc.



Early Childhood Education and Care

Laws

Skollag (2010:800) 

The Education Act

Skollag (2010:800) applies as of 1 July 2011. It contains basic regulations for the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan), municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), Swedish tuition for immigrants (sfi), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities.

It regulates the rights and duties of the students and their parents/custodians. It also stipulates the education providers' responsibilities. As far as possible the same rules apply to municipal and grant-aided independent schools (fristående skolor).


Ordinances

Förordning (2011:326) om behörighet och legitimation för lärare och förskollärare​

The ordinance concerning eligibility and registration of teachers and preschool teachers

Förordning (2011:326) om behörighet och legitimation för lärare och förskollärare​ enetred into force on 1 July 2011. It contains regulations about eligibility and registration of teachers and preschool teachers (lärarlegitimation).

The ordinance concernes the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan), municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), Swedish tuition for immigrants (sfi), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities. 


Skolförordning (2011:185)

The Education Ordinance

Skolförordning (2011:185) applies as of 1 July 2011. It is a supplement to Skollag (2010:800) and contains regulations  for the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities. As far as possible the same rules apply to municipal and grant-aided independent schools (fristående skolor).


Curricula

Läroplan för förskolan Lpfö 98 (Reviderad 2010)

Curriculum for the preschool

Läroplan för förskolan Lpfö 98 (Reviderad 2010) applies as of 1 August 2011. The curriculum contains general goals and guidelines for the preschool (förskolan).



Single Structure Education

Laws

Skollag (2010:800) 

The Education Act

Skollag (2010:800) applies as of 1 July 2011. It contains basic regulations for the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan), municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), Swedish tuition for immigrants (sfi), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities. 

It regulates the rights and duties of the students and their parents/custodians. It also stipulates the education providers' responsibilities. As far as possible the same rules apply to municipal and grant-aided independent schools (fristående skolor).


Ordinances

Förordning (2011:326) om behörighet och legitimation för lärare och förskollärare​

The ordinance concerning eligibility and registration of teachers and preschool teachers

Förordning (2011:326) om behörighet och legitimation för lärare och förskollärare​ enetred into force on 1 July 2011. It contains regulations about eligibility and registration of teachers and preschool teachers (lärarlegitimation).

The ordinance concernes the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan), municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), Swedish tuition for immigrants (sfi), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities. 


Skolförordning (2011:185)

The Education Ordinance

Skolförordning (2011:185) applies as of 1 July 2011. It is a supplement to Skollag (2010:800) and contains regulations  for the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities. As far as possible the same rules apply to municipal and grant-aided independent schools (fristående skolor).


Curricula

Läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011

Curriculum for compulsory school, the preschool class and the leisure-time centre

Läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011 applies as of 1 July 2011. The curriculum contains general goals and guidelines for compulsory school (grundskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen) and the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet) as well as syllabi for compulsory school.


Läroplan för grundsärskolan 2011

Curriculum for compulsory school for pupils with learning disabilities 

Läroplan för grundsärskolan 2011 applies as of 1 July 2011. The curriculum contains general goals and guidelines as well as syllabi for compulsory school for pupils with learning disabilities (grundsärskolan). 


Läroplan för sameskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011

Curriculum for the Sami school, the preschool class and the leisure-time centre

Läroplan för sameskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011 applies as of 1 July 2011. The curriculum contains general goals and guidelines as well as syllabi for the Sami school (sameskolan). 


Läroplan för specialskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011

Curriculum for the special school, the preschool class and the leisure-time centre

Läroplan för specialskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011 applies as of 1 July 2011. The curriculum contains general goals and guidelines as well as syllabi for the special school (specialskolan). 



Upper Secondary Education

Laws

Skollag (2010:800) 

The Education Act

Skollag (2010:800) applies as of 1 July 2011. It contains basic regulations for the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan), municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), Swedish tuition for immigrants (sfi), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities. 

It regulates the rights and duties of the students and their parents/custodians. It also stipulates the education providers' responsibilities. As far as possible the same rules apply to municipal and grant-aided independent schools (fristående skolor).


Ordinances

Förordning (2011:326) om behörighet och legitimation för lärare och förskollärare​

The ordinance concerning eligibility and registration of teachers and preschool teachers

Förordning (2011:326) om behörighet och legitimation för lärare och förskollärare​ enetred into force on 1 July 2011. It contains regulations about eligibility and registration of teachers and preschool teachers (lärarlegitimation).

The ordinance concernes the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan), municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), Swedish tuition for immigrants (sfi), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities. 


Gymnasieförordning (2010:2039)

Upper Secondary School Ordinance

Gymnasieförordning (2010:2039) applies as of 1 July 2011. It is a supplement to Skollag (2010:800) and contains regulations for upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan). It also applies to education for upper secondary school students with learning disabilities and to education for upper secondary school students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities. As far as possible the same rules apply to municipal and grant-aided independent schools (fristående skolor).


Curricula

Läroplan för gymnasieskola 2011

Curriculum for the upper secondary school

Läroplan för gymnasieskola 2011 applies as of 1 July 2011. The curriculum contains general goals and guidelines for upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan).


Läroplan för gymnasiesärskolan 2013

Curriculumn for the upper secondary school for pupils with learning disabilities

Läroplan för gymnasiesärskolan 2013 applies as of 1 July 2013. The curriculum contains general goals and guidelines for upper secondary school for pupils with learning disabilitues (gymnasiesärskolan). 



Higher Education

Laws

Högskolelag (1992:1434)

Higher Education Act

Högskolelag (1992:1434) entered into force in 1993 and contains provisions about the higher education institutions that are accountable to the Government, local authorities or county councils.


Ordinances

Examensordningen

Qualifications Ordinance

Examensordningen is an appendix to Högskoleförordning (1993:100). It stipulates the degrees that may be awarded in higher education and their requirements.


Högskoleförordning (1993:100)

Higher Education Ordinance

Högskoleförordning (1993:100) entered into force in 1993 as a supplement to Högskolelag (1992:1434). 



Adult Education and Training

Laws

Skollag (2010:800) 

The Education Act

Skollag (2010:800) applies as of 1 July 2011. It contains basic regulations for the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan), municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), Swedish tuition for immigrants (sfi), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities. 

It regulates the rights and duties of the students and their parents/custodians. It also stipulates the education providers' responsibilities. As far as possible the same rules apply to municipal and grant-aided independent schools (fristående skolor).


Lag (2009:128) om yrkeshögskolan

Higher Vocational Education Act

Lag (2009:128) om yrkeshögskolan applies as of 15 April 2009. It contains basic regulations for the higher vocational education system.  


Ordinances

Förordning (2011:1108) om vuxenutbildning

Adult Education Ordinance

Förordning (2011:1108) om vuxenutbildning applies as of 1 July 2012. It is a supplement to Skollag (2010:800) and contains regulations for municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), education for adults with learning disabilities (särskild utbildning för vuxna) and Swedish tuition for immigrants (sfi).  


Förordning (2009:130) om yrkeshögskolan

Higher Vocational Education Ordinance

Förordning (2009:130) om yrkeshögskolan applies as of 15 April 2009. It is a supplement to Lag (2009:128) om yrkeshögskolan and contains regulations for the higher vocational education system. 


Förordning (2015:218) om statsbidrag till folkbildningen 

The ordinance on government grants to liberal adult education

Förordning (2015:218) om statsbidrag till folkbildningen applies as of 15 May 2015. It contains regulations regarding government grants to liberal adult education (folkbildning). These government grants are not to be used in commercial activities and can be granted to for example folk high schools (folkhögskolor) and study associations (studieförbund).


Förordning (2000:634) om arbetsmarknadspolitiska program

​The ordinance on Labour Market Training Programmes

Förordning (2000:634) om arbetsmarknadspolitiska program entered into force on 1 August 2000. It contains regulations about the labour market training programmes provided by Arbetsförmedlingen.


Förordning (2011:326) om behörighet och legitimation för lärare och förskollärare​

The ordinance concerning eligibility and registration of teachers and preschool teachers

Förordning (2011:326) om behörighet och legitimation för lärare och förskollärare​ enetred into force on 1 July 2011. It contains regulations about eligibility and registration of teachers and preschool teachers (lärarlegitimation).

The ordinance concernes the preschool (förskolan), the preschool class (förskoleklassen), compulsory school (grundskolan), upper secondary school (gymnasieskolan), municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), Swedish tuition for immigrants (sfi), the Sami school (sameskolan) as well as the leisure-time centre (fritidshemmet). It also applies to education for students with learning disabilities and to education for students with impaired hearing, and/or with severe speech and language disabilities.


Curricula

Läroplan för vuxenutbildningen 2012

Curriculum for Adult Education programme

Läroplan för vuxenutbildningen 2012 applies as of 1 January 2013. The curriculum contains general goals and guidelines for municipal adult education (kommunal vuxenutbildning), education for adults with learning disabilities (särskild utbildning för vuxna) and Swedish tuition for immigrants (svenska för invandrade, SFI).