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Spain:Mobility in Higher Education

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Overview Spain

Contents

Spain:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Spain:Historical Development

Spain:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Spain:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Spain:Political and Economic Situation

Spain:Organisation and Governance

Spain:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Spain:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Spain:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Spain:Organisation of Private Education

Spain:National Qualifications Framework

Spain:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Spain:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Spain:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Spain:Funding in Education

Spain:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Spain:Higher Education Funding

Spain:Adult Education and Training Funding

Spain:Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Primary Education

Spain:Organisation of Primary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Spain:Assessment in Primary Education

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Spain:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Vocational Lower Secondary Education: Basic Vocational Training cycles

Spain:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Higher Education

Spain:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Spain:First Cycle Programmes

Spain:Bachelor

Spain:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Spain:Second Cycle Programmes

Spain:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Spain:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Spain:Adult Education and Training

Spain:Distribution of Responsibilities

Spain:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Spain:Main Providers

Spain:Main Types of Provision

Spain:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Spain:Teachers and Education Staff

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Management and Other Education Staff

Spain:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Spain:Management Staff for Higher Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Quality Assurance

Spain:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Educational Support and Guidance

Spain:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Spain:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Spain:Mobility and Internationalisation

Spain:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Mobility in Higher Education

Spain:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Spain:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Spain:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:National Reforms in School Education

Spain:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Spain:National Reforms in Higher Education

Spain:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Spain:European Perspective

Spain:Legislation

Spain:Institutions

Spain:Bibliography

Spain:Glossary

Student mobility

The 2006 Education Act expresses in its preamble the need to increase mobility and exchanges, with the aim of opening up the Spanish education system to the wider world. The 2001 Act on Universities also includes the promotion of national and international mobility, both student`s and teacher’s, among its objectives. In 2007, the Act Modifying the Act on Universities stipulates students’ right to national and international mobility as well as the right to recognition of the knowledge and skills acquired as principles of university policy. This is recorded, where appropriate, in the Diploma Supplement.

This Act also provides for the establishment of the Universidad.es Foundation, whose aim is to boost the international profile of the Spanish university system, promote the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and the Ibero-American Knowledge Area, and improve the reception and stay of students, among other functions.

In the case of disabled people, they can fully and effectively exercise their rights on an equal basis as other students. The University Student Statute states that ‘authorities and universities will promote the participation of disabled students in national and international mobility programmes, establishing the relevant quotas, and securing adequate financing in each case, as well as the information and cooperation systems between the support units for these students’. In addition, the Spanish Service for the Internationalisation of Education offers people with special educational needs specific funding measures.

All this demonstrates that student mobility is a priority for the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. Central and regional education authorities and universities are responsible for its promotion in the EHEA, through specific programmes and agreements and the European Union (EU) programmes.

Students wishing to study abroad have financial support through the grants offered by different bodies. The grants and financial support of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport are considered as portable grants. The main ones are described below:

ERASMUS+ MOBILITY ACTIONS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS1
Application procedure
Students cannot apply directly; it is higher education institutions, or the mobility consortia they belong to, that are in charge of applying for grants by presenting a mobility project. Once the grant has been awarded, the selection of participants is carried out by institutions through a transparent, coherent and documented procedure.
Actions
  • Study period: A study period abroad at a partner higher education institution.
  • Traineeship: A traineeship (work placement) abroad in an enterprise or any other relevant workplace.

A study period abroad may include a traineeship period as well.

Destination
Higher education institutions awarded with an Erasmus Charter for Higher Education 2014-2020.
Target groups
Higher education students, including PhD programmes and advanced vocational training, whatever the length of the programme or qualification may be.
Recent graduates may also participate, but they must be selected by their institution during their last year of study and must carry out the action within 1 year of obtaining their graduation.
Requirements
In the case of mobility for studies, the student must be enrolled at least in the second year of higher education studies (university education or VET).
Duration
From 3 to 12 months (study periods) and from 2 to 12 months (traineeships). The same student may participate in mobility periods totalling up to 12 months maximum per each cycle of study (short cycle or Bachelor, Master and Doctorate), independently from the number and type of mobility activities.
Funding

Additional costs related to the mobility of students (for instance: travel, accommodation, subsistence), the amount of which will depend on the living costs of the country of destination in relation to those of the country of origin of the beneficiary.

Erasmus mobility grants are complementary to national and/or regional grants.

Health coverage

All participants are covered by an insurance taken out by the project organisers and should be in possession of the European Health Insurance Card, if the destination country is in territory of the EU, the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland. 

Certification

A certificate proving successful completion of the programme and a report of the results obtained, issued by the host institution.

The sending institution academically recognises the studies completed.

Responsible body
Spanish Service for the Internationalisation of Education.

1 These mobility actions, together with those for higher education staff, make up the Mobility Projects for Higher Education Students and Staff. These mobility projects can comprise one or more actions, that is, a project can be comprised of mobility actions for higher education students or teaching/training assignments and/or staff training for higher education staff.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the call.

Apart from the financial support provided by the Spanish Service for the Internationalisation of Education, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport offers financial assistance to Spanish students who participate in the Erasmus+ mobility programmes, either to study or to undertake a traineeship abroad. This financial support, known as Erasmus.es, is granted according to academic criteria and ranges between EUR 300 and 400, depending on the country of destination. In addition, students who had been awarded a general grant or financial support by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport the previous year will receive an extra monthly grant of EUR 100. In the case of traineeships, the amounts will also be increased by EUR 100 per month, although this is not compatible with the preceding example. Students may benefit from this aid for a maximum of 5 months in the case of study periods, and for a maximum of 3 in the case of traineeships. Some Autonomous Communities also have their own additional aid for this mobility programmes.

On the other hand, some Autonomous Communities finance the international mobility of university students through programmes outside of the Erasmus+ framework.

Higher education students may also have access to other mobility actions to study or complete a traineeship within the framework of a Capacity Building in the Field of Higher Education Project. For detailed information on these partnerships, see article Other dimensions of internationalisation in higher education.

Purpose
Promote the study of a Master degree delivered by an international consortium of higher education institutions.
Destination
EU countries or any other country participating in the Programme. 
Target groups
Students at Master level from Programme and Partner countries.
Requirements
Have completed the relevant Bachelor programme before the deadline for application for the joint programme chosen.
Students who have already obtained an Erasmus Mundus Master or Doctorate scholarship are not eligible. 
Duration
The duration of the Master programme in the organising institutions: 60, 90 or 120 ECTS credits.
Funding
Registration fees, participation costs (including insurance), contribution towards travel and installation expenses and monthly subsistence allowance.
Health coverage
Supplementary health and accident insurance offered by the association, financed by the EU grant allocated to the project.
Certification
Joint degree, or individual or double degrees, issued by the relevant universities.
Responsible body
European Commission.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the call.

As of 2015, students who want to complete a Master Degree in another Programme country can apply for Erasmus+ Master Degree Loans, which are up to EUR 12 000 for a 1-year Master programme and up to EUR 18 000 for a 2-year Master. Students must apply directly to banks or student loan companies in their home countries, but, as they have signed up to the scheme, special conditions, such as the following, make the repayment terms easier: the interest rate is lower than the market rate, or the repayment terms allow for a ‘grace period’ of up to 1 year following the completion of the programme. In order to be eligible, students must be resident of one of the Erasmus+ Programme countries, and have successfully completed first cycle higher education studies and been accepted for a second cycle programme at a higher education institution which holds the Erasmus Charter for Higher Education, delivered in a different country from their country of residence.

ARGO GLOBAL GRANTS
Purpose Complete placements in companies abroad.
Destination Europe, the United States, Canada, Spanish companies in Asia and Oceania.
Target groups Public and private Spanish university graduates.
Requirements
  • Hold a university degree.
  • Be under 35 years of age.
  • Have obtained an official university degree in a Spanish university in the last 3 years.
  • Not have been awarded any of the following grants: Leonardo da Vinci mobility grants, or ARGO, FARO GLOBAL or INTEGRANTS grants.
Duration 6 months.
Funding Financial assistance to cover travel expenses, a supplement to cover subsistence and accommodation costs. Insurance. Visa processing costs in the cases expressly provided for.
Health coverage

Although the company takes out an insurance policy covering accidents, civil liability, travel assistance and healthcare, beneficiaries are advised to apply for the European Health Insurance Card, or the equivalent coverage if they have private medical insurance.

The European Health Insurance Card provides health coverage in accordance with the legislation of the destination country, taking into account the nature of the benefits and the length of the stay, if it is in territory of the EU, the EEA or Switzerland. If the destination is a different country, they are required to have a health insurance plan which is valid in the host country.

Certification Certificate issued by the tutor in charge of the company which details the training received during the stay.
Responsible body Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the latest call.

FARO GLOBAL GRANTS
Purpose
  • Complete placements in companies and organisations in Europe, the United States, Canada, Asian countries and Oceania, so that students can complement the training received in universities.
  • Improve their language skills as well as knowledge of different socio-cultural realities, thus facilitating their access to the labour market in an international environment and contributing to enhancing their employability.
Destination Europe, Canada, the United States and Spanish companies based in Asia and Oceania.
Target groups University students from all areas of knowledge in their final years.
Requirements
  • Students, in their final years, from any degree programme provided by Spanish public or private universities that are recognised by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, or who are doing their final project. They must have completed, at least, 70% of the total number of credits required for the degree.
  • Be under 30 years of age.
  • Not have been previously awarded a Leonardo da Vinci grant, in any of its forms.
  • Not have been awarded an international traineeship which is financed with public funds.
Duration A minimum of 5 months and a maximum of 6.
Funding Financial assistance to cover travel expenses (one journey to and from the destination country), a supplement to cover subsistence and accommodation costs. Insurance. Visa processing costs in the cases expressly provided for.
Health coverage

The promoter takes out an insurance policy covering accidents, civil liability, travel assistance and healthcare. However, without prejudice to the insurance policy taken out, beneficiaries have to apply for the European Health Insurance Card. 

The European Health Insurance Card provides health coverage in accordance with the legislation of the destination country, taking into account the nature of the benefits and the length of the stay, if it is in territory of the EU, the EEA or Switzerland. If the destination is a different country, they are required to have a health insurance plan which is valid in the host country.

Certification Academic recognition or awarding of practical credits.
Responsible body Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport and the General Foundation of the University of Valladolid.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the call.

MAEC-AECID DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION AND ART, EDUCATION AND CULTURE GRANTS
Purpose Continue training in foreign universities and research institutions and bodies. The studies must be related to development cooperation or art, education and culture, depending on the call.
Destination Depending on the call.
Target groups Young Spanish or foreign university graduates and, in some programmes, university students in the last year. 
Requirements
  • Not have been a beneficiary of any of the programmes, of 6 or more months, of the call, or the Carolina Foundation in the last 3 years.
  • Have knowledge of the corresponding foreign language in order to undertake the studies planned, proved depending on each case.
  • Be qualified to complete the studies chosen.
Duration 1-9 months in the case of development cooperation grants, and 1-10 months in art, education and culture grants, depending on the type of mobility.
Funding A monthly grant which varies depending on the programme chosen. Assistance with tuition fees and travel expenses in some programmes. Health and accident insurance (excluding pharmacy insurance) for all the beneficiaries who are abroad.
Health coverage The promoter takes out an insurance policy covering accidents and healthcare (excluding pharmacy insurance).
Responsible body Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation, dependent on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the call.

In addition, the State Plan for Scientific, Technical and Innovation Research includes the State Programme for the Promotion of Talent and its Employability in R&D&i, whose subprogrammes offer the possibility of carrying out stays in foreign and Spanish renowned research institutions, although it is not a national mobility programme in a strict sense. As the Programme promotes the mobility of higher education students, university teachers and researchers, it is described below.

Academic staff mobility

The mobility of university professors, researchers and students is a priority line of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport since the enactment of the 2001 Act on Universities and the 2007 Act Modifying the Act on Universities. Both established boosting the mobility of students, teachers and researchers as the essential goal. The Spanish Government, the Autonomous Communities and universities are responsible for its promotion in the EHEA, through specific programmes and agreements and the EU programmes.

Spanish policy for mobility is mainly implemented through the State Plan for Scientific, Technical and Innovation Research, promoted by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. The Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport participates in its management and coordination.

One of the main four actions of the State Plan is to ‘promote talent and employability’, which has among its specific objectives ‘the promotion of the internationalisation of the R&D&i activities of the agents in the Spanish Science, Technology and Innnovation System and their active participation in the European Research Area’.

This action takes the form of the State Programme for the Promotion of Talent and its Employability in R&D&i, which is divided into three subprogrammes (one of which is exclusively devoted to mobility):

  • State Subprogramme for Training.
  • State Subprogramme for Incorporation.
  • State Subprogramme for Mobility, which includes actions aimed at promoting pre- and post-doctoral mobility, as well as the mobility of distinguished researchers.

Apart from this national support framework, some Autonomous Communities offer their university professors and researchers the opportunity to spend periods of time abroad thorugh their own programmes.

State Subprogramme for Mobility

This Subprogramme promotes mobility in different moments of the university teaching and research career. It incorporates, for the two types included, the awarding of a specific number of stays in the United States, in collaboration with the Fulbright Commission. They include complementary management services and favour the participation of the beneficiaries in seminars and scientific and cultural activities, organised and funded by the Fulbright Programme in the United States.

The institutions of origin or secondment of the applicants for mobility subsidies are:

  1. Recognised public universities and public research organisations; public research bodies and units carrying out activities for scientific research, technological development and/or industrial innovation attached to Ministry Departments, and other public research institutions depending or related to regional public authorities.
  2. Other technological institutions with proven capacity and activity in R&D&i, mostly owned and managed by public authorities, legally established as private foundations.
  3. Non-profit making private universities, with proven capacity and activity in R&D&i.
  4. Other technological institutions and institutions supporting technological innovation at State level.

The destination institutions of the beneficiaries of the mobility subsidies are renowned research and academic research institutions abroad in the scientific field of the project proposed for the subsidy.  In the type A, as an exception, the institution may be located in Spain. The location of the destination institutions must imply that the subsidy beneficiaries change their compulsory habitual and permanent residence during their stay.

As for health coverage, the beneficiaries attached to the general Social Security system, whose country of destination is an EU Member State, the EEA or Switzerland have Social Security coverage upon request and accreditation of the European Health Insurance Card. In case the country of destination is not included among the abovementioned, the beneficiaries are entitled to health insurance financed by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. On the other hand, career civil servants have their own health insurance through a mutual insurance (MUFACE-the General Mutual Insurance Society for Civil Servants), which provides them with healthcare abroad.

The Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport is in charge of contracting an accident insurance for all the beneficiaries of subsidies during their stay. Neither the health insurance, if applicable, nor the accident insurance can be extended to the beneficiaries’ relatives.

The actions of the Subprogramme aimed at the mobility of Spanish teaching and research staff in foreign higher education institutions are implemented in two types of stays:

TYPE A: STAYS FOR THE MOBILITY OF SENIOR TEACHING AND RESEARCH STAFF IN FOREIGN INSTITUTIONS, INCLUDING THE 'SALVADOR MADARIAGA' PROGRAMME
Purpose
  • Favour geographic and interinstitutional mobility for university teaching and research staff of bodies and institutions for R&D&I to higher education institutions and research institutions abroad or, exceptionally, national. The purpose is updating and gaining knowledge, which will lead them to improve their academic competence and benefit the university system and the R&D&i.
  • Mobility stays: Favour mobility in order to reach the general objective of the programme in any knowledge area; and take part in the regular teaching and research tasks of the host institution.
Destination
  • Renowned research and academic institutions abroad (exceptionally Spanish for a specific degree of disability) in the scientific field of the project proposed for the subsidy.
  • ‘Salvador Madariaga’: European University Institute in Florence.
Target groups
  • University teaching staff.
  • Researchers with proven professional experience and career.
  • Career civil servants or contract staff from public research institutions or from units carrying out activities of scientific research, technological development and/or industrial innovation, attached to Ministry Departments, or depending or linked to the public authorities of the Autonomous Communities.
Requirements (among others)
  • Have obtained the PhD before January 1st 2004. Those having obtained the PhD after that date must be a career civil servant of the teaching bodies of Spanish public universities.
  • Be a career civil servant of the teaching bodies of Spanish public universities, or belong to the research scales of the Higher Council for Scientific Research or public research organisations, or have a teaching or research indefinite employment connection, or staff on permanent contracts in charge of research work in university hospitals.
  • Be in active service with the institution of origin.
  • Not have enjoyed stays abroad for more than 6 months in the previous 4 years.
Duration 3 months as a minimum and 6 months as a maximum.
Funding
  • Monthly financial award: Between EUR 2 150 and 3 100 per month, depending on the destination country.
  • Amount for travelling: Up to EUR 1 200.
  • Installation allowance: Up to EUR 2 500, depending on the destination country.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the call.

TYPE B: 'JOSÉ CASTILLEJO' STAYS ABROAD FOR THE MOBILITY OF YOUNG DOCTORS
Purpose
Favour and promote the mobility of young Doctors so as to enhance the updating of their knowledge or the learning of new techniques and methods for teaching or research.
Destination
The institutions the mobility stay is applied for and where the projects are carried out must be placed abroad, and must be universities and research institutions that are highly competitive in the scientific area of the applicant.
Target groups
  • Young Doctors having recently joined the university teaching bodies.
  •  Contract staff from universities and public research organisations or renowned institutions for innovation and technology.
Requirements
  • Have obtained the PhD after January 1st 2004.
  • Be a temporary civil servant or be contracted in the university or research institutions of the call as PhD teaching or research staff, on a full-time basis, and finishing after the end date of the stay.
  • Be in active service with the institution of origin.
  • Not have enjoyed stays abroad for more than 6 months in the previous 4 years. For this calculation, all the post-Doctoral stays abroad for 1 month or more are taken into account, regardless of whether the applicant receives a grant/subsidy or not.

During the stay, beneficiaries must keep their contract with the institution of origin.

Exceptionally, if, after the deadline for applications, teachers or researchers change their professional level becoming career civil servants, they can take part and be beneficiary through this type, providing that the institution of origin agrees.

Duration 3 months as a minimum and 6 months as a maximum, non-extendable, and in only one period, which must coincide with the periods of academic or scientific activity of the destination institutions.
Funding
  • Monthly financial award: Between EUR 2 150 and 3 100 per month, depending on the destination country.
  • Amount for travelling: Up to EUR 1 200.
  • Installation allowance: Up to EUR 2 500, depending on the destination country.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the call.

This Subprogramme also comprises the actions under the Research Staff Training and University Teacher Training Programmes, which envisage the possibility for research staff in training to spend some time in foreign or Spanish institutions. A specific call is announced for the two Programmes. The characteristics of the main ones are described below:



SHORT STAYS WITHIN THE RESEARCH STAFF TRAINING SUB-PROGRAMME
STAYS AND TRANSFERS WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY TEACHER TRAINING SUB-PROGRAMME


SHORT STAYS (IN SPAIN AND ABROAD)
TEMPORARY TRANSFERS (ABROAD)
Duration
Minimum 2 months 2 months 6 months
Maximum 4 months
3 months
9 months
Other aspects

The stays may be developed in a single period.

Exceptionally, the stays in a Spanish institution may be extended to 1 month, only when the aim of the stay would be justified in the project. The maximum number of short stays during the 48 months this Sub-Programme lasts is three, with stays for a maximum period of 9 months between all of them.

The temporary transfer is incompatible with a short stay or any other temporary stay completed in the same year and there must be at least 6 months between them. The temporary transfer cannot overlap with the last six months of the contract unless the doctoral thesis is already presented.

Only one temporary transfer can be awarded during the maximum 48-month training period set out for the Sub-Programme.

Target groups Research staff in training who are beneficiaries of the Research Staff Training Sub-Programme, regardless of their legal status (grant or contract). Among the beneficiaries of the University Teacher Training Sub-Programme, active research staff in training who have not enjoyed short stays and temporary transfers lasting more than 9 months. Beneficiaries of the University Teacher Training Sub-Programme.

Funding

Stay EUR 25/day if the institution is in Spain. If it is abroad, the amount ranges between EUR 22-60, depending on the country of destination, in the case of the Research Staff Training Programme, and up to a maximum of EUR 50/day in the University Teacher Training Programme.
A maximum of EUR 1 500/month, as a supplement to the aid of the Sub-Programme.
Travel
Up to EUR 150 in Spain; up to EUR 600 in Europe. Up to EUR 1 200 in the rest of the world.
Up to EUR 600 in Europe. Up to EUR 1 200 in the rest of the world.
Health coverage The research staff in training have an accident and healthcare insurance in authorised travels abroad, in the case of countries without an agreement with the Spanish Social Security system or when the agreement offers insufficient coverage. They are also covered by this insurance in the rest of countries, without prejudice to the coverage of the Social Security scheme.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the call.

Other specific calls are:

  • Grants for short stays in R&D institutions and companies within the Aid Sub-Programme for the Development of Doctoral Theses (Higher Council for Scientific Research-Council for the Extension of Studies).
  • Grants for short stays in institutions within the Sub-Programme for the Training of Research Staff in Agri-Food (National Institute for Agriculture and Food Research and Technology).

The Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness publishes the calls for the State Subprogramme for Mobility, as well as other actions for the promotion of R&D&i through the award of grants or financial support for stays.

The coordination and funding of the State Subprogrammes for Mobility is shared between the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport:

STATE SUBPROGRAMME FOR MOBILITY
Funding
Charged to the budget of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport.
Units in charge of management
  • General Directorate for Scientific and Technical Research.
  • General Directorate for Innovation and Competitiveness.
  • Carlos III Health Institute.
  • General Directorate for University Policy.
Competent body to solve the call
General Secretariat for Universities (Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport).

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the call.

The amount for each Sub-Programme is set in the call for each of them, but such amount may be modified depending on the economic situation or the number of stays requested and their duration.

Funding for the grants is made by providing funds to the collaborating institutions that have beneficiaries assigned, and it can be made in advance. In order to make the payment to the beneficiaries, they are required to certify that they keep up to date with their tax and Social Security obligations. The organisations can pay beneficiaries in advance.

The monitoring and evaluation of the Subprogramme is carried out by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through its Science, Technology and Innovation Information System. In addition, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, through its General Secretariat for Universities, publishes the document ‘Data and Figures on the Spanish University System’, which provides the rate of participation in the call for the different Subprogrammes.

Erasmus+ Programme

The new Erasmus+ Programme also comprises some mobility actions aimed at teaching staff employed in higher education institutions, both to teach and to participate in training activities.

ERASMUS+ MOBILITY ACTIONS FOR  HIGHER EDUCATION STAFF1
Application procedure
Staff cannot apply directly; it is higher education institutions, or the mobility consortia they belong to, that are in charge of applying for grants by presenting a mobility project. Once the grant has been awarded, the selection of staff is carried out by institutions through a transparent, coherent and documented procedure.
Actions
  • Teaching period: This activity allows higher education institutions teaching staff or staff from enterprises to teach at a partner higher education institution abroad.
  • Training period: This activity supports the professional development of higher education institutions teaching and non-teaching staff in the form of training events abroad and observation periods/training at a partner higher education institution or at another relevant organisation abroad.
Destination
Higher education institutions awarded with an Erasmus Charter for Higher Education 2014-2020.
Target groups
Staff mobility for teaching: Staff employed in a Programme or Partner country higher education institution or in any Programme country public or private organisation active in the labour market or in the fields of education, training and youth that has been invited to teach at a higher education institution.
Staff mobility for training: Staff employed in a Programme or Partner country higher education institution.
Duration
From 2 days to 2 months, excluding travel time.
Funding

Additional costs related to the mobility of staff (for instance: travel, accommodation, subsistence), the amount of which will depend on the living costs of the country of destination in relation to those of the country of origin of the beneficiary.

Erasmus mobility grants are complementary to national and/or regional grants.

Health coverage

All participants are covered by an insurance taken out by the project organisers and should be in possession of the European Health Insurance Card, if the destination country is in territory of the EU, the EEA or Switzerland. 

Responsible body
Spanish Service for the Internationalisation of Education.

1 These mobility actions, together with those for higher education students, make up the Mobility Projects for Higher Education Students and Staff. These mobility projects can comprise one or more actions, that is, a project can be comprised of mobility actions for higher education students or teaching/training assignments and/or staff training for higher education staff.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the call.

Higher education staff may also have access to other mobility actions to teach or complete a training period within the framework of a Capacity Building in the Field of Higher Education Project. For detailed information on these partnerships, see article Other dimensions of internationalisation in higher education.