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Spain:Main Providers

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Overview Spain

Contents

Spain:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Spain:Historical Development

Spain:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Spain:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Spain:Political and Economic Situation

Spain:Organisation and Governance

Spain:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Spain:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Spain:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Spain:Organisation of Private Education

Spain:National Qualifications Framework

Spain:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Spain:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Spain:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Spain:Funding in Education

Spain:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Spain:Higher Education Funding

Spain:Adult Education and Training Funding

Spain:Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Primary Education

Spain:Organisation of Primary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Spain:Assessment in Primary Education

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Spain:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Vocational Lower Secondary Education: Basic Vocational Training cycles

Spain:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Higher Education

Spain:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Spain:First Cycle Programmes

Spain:Bachelor

Spain:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Spain:Second Cycle Programmes

Spain:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Spain:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Spain:Adult Education and Training

Spain:Distribution of Responsibilities

Spain:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Spain:Main Providers

Spain:Main Types of Provision

Spain:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Spain:Teachers and Education Staff

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Management and Other Education Staff

Spain:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Spain:Management Staff for Higher Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Quality Assurance

Spain:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Educational Support and Guidance

Spain:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Spain:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Spain:Mobility and Internationalisation

Spain:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Mobility in Higher Education

Spain:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Spain:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Spain:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:National Reforms in School Education

Spain:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Spain:National Reforms in Higher Education

Spain:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Spain:European Perspective

Spain:Legislation

Spain:Institutions

Spain:Bibliography

Spain:Glossary

 

Adult education is provided in different types of institutions depending on whether it is offered by education or employment public authorities.

Accessibility to this type of education is promoted through distance-learning provision and its offer at local level.

Education authorities

The training provision offered by the education authorities takes place mainly in:

  • Specific adult education institutions, which carry out their functions on a full-time basis and are used exclusively for adult education. They also contribute to the social environment and are available for social and cultural activities.
  • Adult education classrooms, integrated into duly authorised mainstream educational institutions, operate on a part-time basis and generally in the evening. They are usually located at primary or secondary schools, although they can also belong to municipal councils or local corporations.

In Spain, there are about 1 407 public adult education institutions, 147 adult education classrooms, 280 secondary schools where some form of adult education is provided, and 32 institutions belonging to other categories (distance adult education institutions, adult education classrooms in prisons, etc.). The distribution of these institutions varies greatly from one Autonomous Community to another, regarding both the number and the type of institutions in each one of them (Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education on the basis of the Non-University Educational Institutions State Registry, with the exception of the Basque Country, for which data come from its own Non-University Educational Institutions General Directory [Accessed: 23 December 2015]).

There are also private educational institutions that carry out adult education activities. For detailed information on these institutions, see section Private education.

Employment authorities

Educational institutions offering adult education are under the authority of the organising body.

Vocational training for employment can be promoted by:  

  • The relevant public authorities, either through their own institutions (national reference institutions, public vocational training integrated institutions and other institutions with the appropriate facilities and equipment) or agreements with public bodies or companies.
  • Business organisations and trade unions, as well as other bodies benefiting from training plans primarily aimed at employed workers. 
  • Companies developing training actions with recruitment commitment for their workers or the unemployed. 
  • Private vocational training integrated institutions and other public or private training institutions or bodies which provide training leading to the award of certificates of professional experience
  • Training institutions or bodies providing training which does not lead to the award of certificates of professional experience.

In Spain, there are a total of 19 283 entities authorised to provide adult education and training related to the employment authorities' programmes. These entities are distributed across the different Autonomous Communities (Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-Spanish Network for Information on Education on the basis of the Advanced Browser for Training Entities and Centres provided by the State Public Employment Service [Accessed: 23 December 2015]). 

Distance and classroom based-provision at local level

The education authorities offer different delivery modes (classroom-based, partially distance and distance provision) so that adults may combine their access to adult education with the rest of their responsibilities and activities.

The Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, through the Centre for the Innovation and Development of Distance Education, coordinates and organises the elements and processes of distance education for adults. The Centre offers people over 18 the possibility of studying Distance Secondary Education for Adults and Bachillerato in the following circumstances: 

  • Residents in Spain who, for justified reasons (such as changing the place of residence frequently because of their families’ roving lifestyle, engaging in special activities: dance, music, sports, etc.), cannot attend a distance education institution in their Autonomous Community.
  • Armed Forces personnel. 
  • Spanish citizens residing abroad or who had already begun Spanish official studies. 
  • Residents in Spain who want to study a Bachillerato branch that is not offered in their Autonomous Community.

In addition, some Autonomous Communities, have established, within their area of management, specific distance education institutions for adults.

The education authorities also promote distance vocational training through the web portal FP a través de Internet. This type of training provision is specifically aimed at people who cannot attend vocational training institutions during school hours.

Furthermore, there is a distance education system, Aula Mentor, whose objective and design is aimed at improving adults’ professional qualifications, enriching their culture and promoting the development of their skills, by using training environments supported by information and communication technologies. A large number of institutions participate in the implementation and maintenance of this project through collaboration agreements with the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport: Departments for Education of the Autonomous Communities, municipal councils, non-profit organisations and Ministries of Education of Ibero-American countries.

In October 2014, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport launched the web portal Aprende a lo largo de la vida, with information and guidance on lifelong learning. Its purposes are to disseminate learning opportunities for adults which are available throughout the country and the connections between them; provide citizens with learning resources; and propose them training pathways allowing them to progress in their personal, social and professional development, according to their level of education and regardless of the education system where they obtained it. Within the portal, InFórmate guides users in choosing the training pathway which meets their profile and provides them with the training options which best suit their needs and context. Regarding the different types of provision, it shows their key aspects: admission requirements, duration, structure, professional opportunities and the institutions offering them.

Finally, adult education is also present at local level, even in rural areas, where it is offered in public and private institutions such as specific adult education institutions, popular universities, social initiative institutions, trade unions, neighbourhood associations, local corporations or universities for adults. These institutions are usually also available for socio-cultural activities.