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Spain:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

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Overview Spain

Contents

Spain:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Spain:Historical Development

Spain:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Spain:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Spain:Political and Economic Situation

Spain:Organisation and Governance

Spain:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Spain:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Spain:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Spain:Organisation of Private Education

Spain:National Qualifications Framework

Spain:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Spain:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Spain:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Spain:Funding in Education

Spain:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Spain:Higher Education Funding

Spain:Adult Education and Training Funding

Spain:Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Primary Education

Spain:Organisation of Primary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Spain:Assessment in Primary Education

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Spain:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Vocational Lower Secondary Education: Basic Vocational Training cycles

Spain:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Higher Education

Spain:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Spain:First Cycle Programmes

Spain:Bachelor

Spain:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Spain:Second Cycle Programmes

Spain:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Spain:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Spain:Adult Education and Training

Spain:Distribution of Responsibilities

Spain:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Spain:Main Providers

Spain:Main Types of Provision

Spain:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Spain:Teachers and Education Staff

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Management and Other Education Staff

Spain:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Spain:Management Staff for Higher Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Quality Assurance

Spain:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Educational Support and Guidance

Spain:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Spain:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Spain:Mobility and Internationalisation

Spain:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Mobility in Higher Education

Spain:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Spain:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Spain:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:National Reforms in School Education

Spain:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Spain:National Reforms in Higher Education

Spain:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Spain:European Perspective

Spain:Legislation

Spain:Institutions

Spain:Bibliography

Spain:Glossary

University Education

In public universities, there are civil servants and staff employed on a contractual basis which include several categories.

As regards civil servants, the initial basic education of university teachers which qualifies them to teach corresponds, in general, to the official Doctoral degree. For detailed information on the institutions providing doctoral studies, access, duration and skills acquired after completion of these studies, see the article on Third cycle (PhD) programmes.

The 2007 organic Act modifying the Organic Act on Universities (LOMLOU) establishes the initial education required for the following teaching bodies of the civil service:

- Senior lecturers of University School and Tenured Teachers of Official Nautical Schools, both to be extinguished, holding a Doctoral degree or who will obtain after 2007 as well as the national accreditation to access this body, can directly access the Body of Senior lecturers of University in their own places.Those who do not access the Body of University Senior lecturers stay in their origin body, keeping all their rights and retaining the full teaching power and, if applicable, the research power. If there are Senior lecturers of University Schools or qualified for the said teaching level, not accredited for a higher level, Universities can publish, among these teaching staff, competitions for filling vacancies of Senior lecturers of University Schools.

Senior lecturers of University Schools must hold the qualification of Bachelor, Architect or Engineer. However, in some specific knowledge areas of the university schools, the degrees of Graduated, Tecnical Architect or Technical Engineer can be sufficient. All the university qualifications mentionned are prior to the Bologna Process.

- Doctor civil servants of the Body of Senior professors of University School, also to be extinguished, can be included in the Body of Senior lecturers of University in the same positions that the had in the origin Body. Those who do not ask for that inclusion stay in the body of Senior professors of University School and they mantain their full teaching and research power. The teachers accredited for the body of Senior professors of University School do not need to obtain the national accreditation for accessing the body of Senior lecturers of University, since this accreditation is considered equivalent.

  • Senior professors of University: It is necessary to hold a Doctoral degree and the status of senior lecturer of university. Those who prove that they hold the status of Doctor with, at least, eight years of seniority and receive the positive report of their teahing and research activity are exempted from the requirement of belonging to the Body of senior lecturers of University.

The teaching staff belonging to both Bodies, senior lecturers and senior professors of University, have full teaching and research capacity.

Universities can have teaching and research staff with a contractual basis, through different modalities of contract or through those modalities established in the Workers Statute, in order to substitute those workers entitled to have their position reserved. They can also hire research, technical or other kind staff, in order to implement projects for scientific or technical research through the employment contract for work or service.

As for the staff employed on a contractual basis, there are different modalities of job recruitment and access requirements, corresponding to the following teaching figures.

  • Assistant Professors: They may be hired among those who have been admitted or are about to be admitted to Doctoral studies.
  • PhD Assistant Professors: They must hold a Doctoral degree. To be hired, they must be positively evaluated by the National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation (ANECA) or by the corresponding external evaluation body of the Autonomous Community. Priority is given to periods spent at prestigious Spanish or foreign universities or institutions other than the recruiting university.
  • PhD Contract Professors: They must hold a Doctoral degree and have been positively evaluated by the ANECA or the relevant external evaluation body of the Autonomous Community. Those contracted for an indefinite period as collaborator teachers, figure to be extinguished,
  • Associate professors: Specialist of recognised prestige proving that they work out of the university.
  • Visiting lecturers: Teachers or researchers of recognised prestige from other Spanish or foreign universities or research centres, and recruited on a temporary basis.
  • Emeritus professors: Appointed by universities, in accordance with their statutes, from among retired university teaching staff who have rendered outstanding service to the university.

As an exception, and in order to meet the singular teaching needs that cannot be covered through the said modalities of recruitment, universities can hire collaborator teachers for certain degrees that, owing their nature and content, they can be provided by those holding a university degree. In any case, they must have a favourable report from the ANECA or the relevant external evaluation body of the Autonomous Community.

At least 50% of the staff hired by the private Spanish universities must hold the degree of Doctor. In addition, by 2013, at least 60% of PhD professors must have obtained a possitiove evaluation from the ANECA or the relevant external evaluation body of the Autonomous Community. These requirements are also applied to the private university institutions attached to private universities.

Institutions where future professors of university studies receive their initial education and the university or other units competent in terms of research. Institutions can be public or private. For detailed information on institutions of University Education see the article on Types of Higher Education Institutions.

Study programmes leading to the degree of Doctor provided by universities have currently different duration, depending on whether the student devotes full time to the programme (in that case it would last 3 years), or part-time (in that case it would last 5 years). The model for initial education of these professors is consecutive. First of all, future professors of University Education receive mainstream education on specific themes, both in the university degree (Bachelor) and in the chosen university Master and, secondly, they acquire a specific training in research (PhD). For detailed information on the length of these programmes, as well as the specific competences to reach by the student through them, see the article on Third Cycle (PhD) Programme.

Non-University Higher Education

Initial Education for Academic Staff in Advanced Vocational Training leading to the obtaining of the degree of Advanced Technician is similar to the initial Education for Academic Staff in Lower Compulsory Secondary Education, Bachillerato, Vocational Training and Specialised Education. For detailed information on initial education for teachers of Advanced Vocational Training see article Initial education for teachers working in early childhood and school education.