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Spain:Educational Support and Guidance

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Overview Spain

Contents

Spain:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Spain:Historical Development

Spain:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Spain:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Spain:Political and Economic Situation

Spain:Organisation and Governance

Spain:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Spain:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Spain:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Spain:Organisation of Private Education

Spain:National Qualifications Framework

Spain:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Spain:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Spain:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Spain:Funding in Education

Spain:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Spain:Higher Education Funding

Spain:Adult Education and Training Funding

Spain:Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Primary Education

Spain:Organisation of Primary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Spain:Assessment in Primary Education

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Spain:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Vocational Lower Secondary Education: Basic Vocational Training cycles

Spain:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Higher Education

Spain:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Spain:First Cycle Programmes

Spain:Bachelor

Spain:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Spain:Second Cycle Programmes

Spain:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Spain:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Spain:Adult Education and Training

Spain:Distribution of Responsibilities

Spain:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Spain:Main Providers

Spain:Main Types of Provision

Spain:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Spain:Teachers and Education Staff

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Management and Other Education Staff

Spain:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Spain:Management Staff for Higher Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Quality Assurance

Spain:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Educational Support and Guidance

Spain:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Spain:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Spain:Mobility and Internationalisation

Spain:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Mobility in Higher Education

Spain:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Spain:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Spain:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:National Reforms in School Education

Spain:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Spain:National Reforms in Higher Education

Spain:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Spain:European Perspective

Spain:Legislation

Spain:Institutions

Spain:Bibliography

Spain:Glossary

The Spanish education system is currently undergoing a reform process. The Act on the Improvement of the Quality of Education, which was published in December 2013 and began to be implemented last academic year 2014/15, modifies certain aspects of the 2006 Education Act. Both Acts constitute the legal framework regulating the general organisation of the education system.

The Act on the Improvement of the Quality of Education does not make any changes to the measures for treating diversity, although, for the first time, it includes students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) within the group of students needing special educational support.

One of the main principles of the Spanish Education System, regulated by the 2006 Act on Education (LOE), is the one concerning attention to diversity. This principle is set up as essential and it must rule the whole Education, with the aim of providing all the students with an Education adapted to their characteristics and needs. On this manner, the focus is not only on students with different needs, but on all students.

According to the Title of Equity in Education, the LOE establishes the implementation of all the necessary means to ensure that all the students achieve their full personal, intellectual, social and emotional potential. The concept employed in the regulations prior to the LOE (students with special educational needs) is now replaced with students with the specific need for educational support, a broader term including the diversity of circumstances where the students may require an answer from the Education System.

The measures established by the regulations for meeting students’ needs range from those having a total ordinary nature to other ones which are extraordinary. Therefore, when the target groups of these measures are defined, all students attending schools are taken into account, including those with specific needs for educational support or those socially disadvantaged to be compensated by the Education System. According to the regulations, the target groups of the measures for attention to diversity are those included in the following table.

TARGET GROUPS OF THE MEASURES FOR ATTENTION TO DIVERSITY MEASURES
STUDENTS OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM AS A WHOLE Ordinary measures

STUDENTS WITH SPECIFIC NEED FOR EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT

  • Special education needs:

                           - Physical, mental or sensory disability 
                           - Serious conduct disorder

  • Specific learning difficulties 
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Highly gifted students
  • Students entering late into the Spanish Education System:

                           - Students coming from other countries
                           - Other reasons

(For detailed information on these students see articles Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education and Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Chilhood and School Education)

Ordinary and extraordinary measures

SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS 

  • Disabled people, groups, geographical areas.
  • Students from rural areas

(For detailed information see article Support Measures for Learners in Early Chilhood and School Education)

Ordinary and extraordinary measures

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain-REDIE from the regulations in force.