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Spain:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

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Spain:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Spain:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

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Spain:Funding in Education

Spain:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

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Spain:Adult Education and Training Funding

Spain:Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Primary Education

Spain:Organisation of Primary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Spain:Assessment in Primary Education

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Spain:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Vocational Lower Secondary Education: Basic Vocational Training cycles

Spain:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Higher Education

Spain:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Spain:First Cycle Programmes

Spain:Bachelor

Spain:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Spain:Second Cycle Programmes

Spain:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Spain:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Spain:Adult Education and Training

Spain:Distribution of Responsibilities

Spain:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Spain:Main Providers

Spain:Main Types of Provision

Spain:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Spain:Teachers and Education Staff

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Management and Other Education Staff

Spain:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Spain:Management Staff for Higher Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Quality Assurance

Spain:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Educational Support and Guidance

Spain:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Spain:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Spain:Mobility and Internationalisation

Spain:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Mobility in Higher Education

Spain:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Spain:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Spain:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:National Reforms in School Education

Spain:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Spain:National Reforms in Higher Education

Spain:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Spain:European Perspective

Spain:Legislation

Spain:Institutions

Spain:Bibliography

Spain:Glossary

Evaluation of pupils

The Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport regulates the academic evaluation and accreditation processes of students of Vocational Training of the education system for the whole State.

The education authorities develop these aspects for their respective regions.

Characteristics of the evaluation process of students taking a training cycle:

  • it is carried out by vocational modules. It takes into account the objectives and evaluation criteria of each module and the general objectives of the training cycle
  • the marks of the different vocational modules are decided by the relevant teacher
  • the rest of decisions on the evaluation process are agreed by consensus among all teachers
  • form teachers and teachers of the different vocational modules are in constant communication with students regarding the assessment of the learning process so that they can make the necessary clarifications
  • completion of a training cycle requires a Pass grade in all the vocational modules comprised in the training cycle
  • both in classroom-based and distance provision, each vocational module may be subject to assessment in four sessions, and only in two sessions for the work placement vocational module
  • in exceptional circumstances, on grounds of illness, disability, or other circumstances conditioning or preventing the normal course of studies, the education authorities may organise additional sessions for those students who have exhausted all opportunities for reassessment
  • progression to the following year depends on the result of the evaluation.

Results of the evaluation:

  • marks are expressed in numbers from 1 to 10, whole numbers only
  • a 5 or over is considered a Pass
  • the final mark of the training cycle is the arithmetic mean expressed with two decimal points
  • the work placement vocational module, however, is expressed in terms of Passed/Failed. The form teacher of the educational institution participates, together with the person appointed by the company to supervise the work placement vocational module, in assessing it
  • at the end of each academic year, in the final evaluation session, the final mark of the different vocational module is given.

Evaluation documents:

  • the academic certificate is the official document which includes the grades obtained by students, both Pass and Fail grades, until the relevant certification is issued. It also specifies the academic year and the ordinary and supplementary examination session it was obtained
  • other evaluation documents are the student record, including the grades; the school assessment reports and the personalised assessment reports
  • academic certificates and personalised assessment reports guarantee pupils’ mobility.

The procedures and dates for complaints about decisions and the grades obtained in the end-of-term examinations, managed by the Autonomous Communities, are established in the Departments of the different occupational families.

If, after the revision process, there is still disagreement with the grade, students, or their parents or guardians, may ask, in writing and to the headteacher of the institution, for an alternative revision process by the relevant education authority.

Total or partial exemption from the work placement vocational module

Those who recognise the professional competence acquired through work experience or non-formal training may be totally or partially exempt from the work placement vocational module (for more information, see Curriculum):

  • provided they are accredited with one-year full-time experience relating to the respective professional studies
  • it is accredited through a certificate issued by the company where the experience was gained, which specifies the duration of the contract, the activity carried out and the period of time during which the activity was exercised
  • in the case of self-employed workers, a certificate of registration, for a minimum of a year, at the tax register of parties liable for tax payments, as well as a statement of the most representative activities carried out by the applicant, are also required
  • priority is given to the evaluation and accreditation of professional competences related to growing sectors which are generating employment, unemployed people who lack an accredited professional qualification and those sectors where there are regulations which require a formal accreditation for workers to get or maintain a job. For more information, see Validation of non-formal and informal learning.

Progression of pupils

As a result of the evaluation process, the relevant decisions on students’ progression are taken collegially by the teaching team at the end of each year.

The education authorities establish the requirements for progression to the 2nd year in their management sphere:

  • having passed all the vocational modules of the 1st year
  • once the supplementary examinations of the year have been held, one or more vocational modules to be resat, which, in general, should not exceed certain teaching load that varies depending on the Autonomous Community
  • having moved from other Autonomous Communities or the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport providing the evaluation team has agreed on progression to the 2nd year, in accordance with the relevant regulations
  • if students progress to the 2nd year with failed vocational modules, they have to be informed about the activities planned for them to retake them, as well as their schedule and timing and the date of the evaluation.

In order to enable students to resit the vocational modules they have failed, the education authorities determine the conditions for educational institutions to organise the corresponding supplementary examinations for each year, which are held in September.

Students who have to repeat the year join the group of those starting the training cycle, carrying out all the activities of the vocational modules they have failed. If it is the case, they are evaluated during the periods established for the rest of the group.

Before the final ordinary examination is held and prior to the relevant decision, students, or their parents or guardians if they are minors, are informed about the decisions adopted and can complain about them. Educational institutions establish in their school development plan the procedure for students, or their parents or legal guardians, to complain.

Certification

Qualifications

Characteristics:

  • students who successfully complete intermediate vocational training, classroom-based or distance, are awarded the Technician certificate for the corresponding occupational family
  • the certificate can also be obtained passing the specific tests organised for that purpose, which are held at least once a year
  • the Technician certificate accredits training equal to that obtained through secondary education and is equivalent to Level 2, according to the National Catalogue of Vocational Qualifications
  • intermediate vocational training provides workers with:
    • the skills to autonomously perform certain activities
    • the ability to use their own instruments and techniques
    • knowledge of the technical and scientific foundations of the process activity.
  • vocational training qualifications and certificates of professional experience may include additional training which is not linked to the Catalogue in order to meet other specific objectives or recommendations of the European Union
  • the Technician certificate is official and academically and professionally valid nationally and accredits the relevant vocational qualifications and competence units as well as the corresponding training
  • the certificate qualifies students for direct access to all the branches of Bachillerato. It also provides access to other specialised or complementary types of provision, such as Artistic education.

The certificates are issued, on behalf of the King, by the Minister of Education or the relevant body in the Autonomous Community in question.

The following details must be included on the back:

  • explicit mention of the fact that the certificate is issued, on behalf of the King, by the Minister of Education or the relevant regional authority
  • mention of the fact that it is issued on successful completion of the corresponding studies leading to the award of the certificate
  • name and surnames, place and date of birth and nationality of the student
  • name and location of the educational institution where the studies were completed, month and year of completion and, where legally appropriate, final mark obtained
  • place and date of issue of the certificate
  • evidence of the official status of the certificate
  • three signatures: in the case of the Autonomous Communities, the signatures of the competent body, the relevant authority of the executive body responsible for controlling the issuing of certificates in the Autonomous Community and the interested party. As for the certificates issued by the Ministry of Education, the signatures of the Minister, the Director-General responsible for issuing and the interested party
  • the national and regional regulations guaranteeing the official nature of the studies.

Direct access from intermediate to advanced vocational training

Since 2011, students are allowed this direct access, after having completed a specific training course, which is offered by the public and private educational institutions providing Bachillerato established by the education authorities.

This course has a minimum duration of 700 hours and includes a common and a specific part:

  • common part: it is instrumental and develops, at least, the objectives of Spanish Language and Foreign Language corresponding to Bachillerato
  • specific part: it is organised in, at least, two options: Science and Technology, and Humanities and Social Sciences. Within each option, the education authorities develop at least two subjects.

The education authorities can exempt students from parts of this training course, depending on prior training that has been recognised.

Certification

Those who do not pass each of the training cycles in its entirety are awarded an academic certificate for the vocational module passed. This certificate has the corresponding academic effect as well as the effect of partial cumulative accreditation of the professional competences acquired regarding the National System of Qualifications and Vocational Training.

The State General Administration, in accordance with the principles for the awarding, issuing and recognition of academic and vocational qualifications established in the Spanish Constitution, and after consultation with the General Council for Vocational Training, is in charge of determining the conditions and basic regulations in order to obtain these certificates.

These certificates specify the grades obtained, both Pass and Fail grades, as well as the specific examination session (ordinary or supplementary) and academic year they were obtained, until the relevant certification is issued.