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Spain:Adult Education and Training Funding

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Overview Spain

Contents

Spain:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Spain:Historical Development

Spain:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Spain:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Spain:Political and Economic Situation

Spain:Organisation and Governance

Spain:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Spain:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Spain:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Spain:Organisation of Private Education

Spain:National Qualifications Framework

Spain:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Spain:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Spain:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Spain:Funding in Education

Spain:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Spain:Higher Education Funding

Spain:Adult Education and Training Funding

Spain:Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:Primary Education

Spain:Organisation of Primary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Spain:Assessment in Primary Education

Spain:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Spain:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Spain:Vocational Lower Secondary Education: Basic Vocational Training cycles

Spain:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Spain:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Spain:Higher Education

Spain:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Spain:First Cycle Programmes

Spain:Bachelor

Spain:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Spain:Second Cycle Programmes

Spain:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Spain:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Spain:Adult Education and Training

Spain:Distribution of Responsibilities

Spain:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Spain:Main Providers

Spain:Main Types of Provision

Spain:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Spain:Teachers and Education Staff

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Spain:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Management and Other Education Staff

Spain:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Spain:Management Staff for Higher Education

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Spain:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Quality Assurance

Spain:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Spain:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Educational Support and Guidance

Spain:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Spain:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Spain:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Spain:Mobility and Internationalisation

Spain:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Mobility in Higher Education

Spain:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Spain:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Spain:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Spain:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Spain:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Spain:National Reforms in School Education

Spain:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Spain:National Reforms in Higher Education

Spain:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Spain:European Perspective

Spain:Legislation

Spain:Institutions

Spain:Bibliography

Spain:Glossary

Funding

The aim of adult education is to offer citizens over the age of 18 the possibility to acquire, update, complete and expand their knowledge and skills for their personal and professional development. It comprises different types of programmes, which are organised by the education, employment and local authorities.

For more information, see Adult education and training.

Education authorities

The State Budget for 2016 establishes the following objectives of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport regarding adult education:

  • promote adult learning as a key component of lifelong learning, thereby contributing to employability, mobility in the labour market and social inclusion
  • ensure the quality of provision and establish a system for the monitoring of adult learning, and implement systems for the recognition of competences acquired outside the education system
  • ensure the recognition of the competences required in lifelong learning, bearing in mind that they are acquired and recognised at all levels of education.

In addition, since 2010, these authorities finance the implementation of the procedure for the evaluation and accreditation of professional competences acquired through work experience or non-formal training.

Employment authorities

The following purposes of vocational education for employment are established:

  • encourage unemployed and employed workers’ lifelong learning in order to improve their professional competences and their employment and training pathways, as well as their professional and personal development
  • contribute to the improvement of the productivity and competitiveness of companies
  • meet the requirements of the labour market and the needs of companies, providing workers with the appropriate competences, knowledge and practices
  • improve the employability of workers, especially of those having greater difficulties for remaining in the labour market or inclusion
  • promote the accreditation of workers’ professional competences acquired through training or work experience
  • bring and extend the benefits of information and communication technologies to workers, promoting the reduction of the existing digital divide and ensuring accessibility.

Funding for the actions and measures developed in order to achieve these objectives comes from the State Budget, the budgets of the different Autonomous Communities and the European Social Fund.

Bodies responsible for public funding

Public funds for adult education and training are mainly provided by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, the Ministry of Employment and Social Security and regional authorities, both education and employment.

Education authorities

They finance:

  • formal adult education, leading to the award of official certificates
  • a small part of occupational vocational training, which is the training to encourage the professional reintegration of the unemployed through qualification or the updating of their professional competences.

In 2013, EUR 337.3 million were invested in formal education and EUR 779.4 million in occupational training.

Financial autonomy and the mechanisms for control have the same characteristics as in public institutions offering other types of provision. For more information, see Early childhood and school education funding.

Employment authorities

They finance:

  • vocational training for employment for active workers
  • most of training for the unemployed.

In 2015, the total investment was EUR 2 082.5 million.

  • Vocational training for people in employment

It is managed by the State Public Employment Service and the State Foundation for Training in Employment. Funding for the training managed by the State Foundation comes from:

  • the collection of the vocational training Social Security contribution
  • assistance from the European Social Fund
  • specific contributions established in the budget of the State Public Employment Service.

In 2015, the expenditure reached EUR 989.43 million, distributed among:

  • Training for the unemployed

Funding comes mainly from the State Public Employment Service and is managed by the education authorities of the Autonomous Communities. Regional governments and local corporations also make contributions from their budgets.

In 2015, the employment authorities invested EUR 1 043.54 million in this type of training.

Due to the variety of bodies developing these training actions, financial autonomy and the mechanisms for control have different characteristics. For more information, see Provision targeting the transition to the labour market.

  • Breakdown of expenditure on vocational training for employment. 2015
TRAINING FOR THE UNEMPLOYED
State management of the unemployed, Autonomous Communities and Cities of Ceuta and Melilla1
671 901 620
Employment and training1
253 899 830
Flexibility1
22 742 660
Training and learning1
15 000 000
Specific programme of young people registered in the National Youth Guarantee File
80 000 000
Subtotal unemployed
 1 043 544 110
TRAINING FOR PEOPLE IN EMPLOYMENT
Regional supply training and Cities of Ceuta and Melilla1
111 400 510
State supply training (calls for subsidies)2
188 568 860
Training organised by companies (demand or subsidised training)2
605 000 000
State Foundation for Training in Employment (operating and investment expenditure)2
31 038 690
Training of the staff of public administrations (National Institute for Public Administration)3
53 421 360
Subtotal people in employment 
989 429 420
Transfers to the Autonomous Communities. Competence with regard to actions, measures and programmes of vocational training for employment
49 457 310
Cinterfor/ILO fees
14 490
TOTAL  
2 082 535 330

1Managed by the Autonomous Communities and the State Public Employment Service
2Managed by the State Public Employment Service and the State Foundation for Training in Employment
3Managed by the National Institute for Public Administration.

Source: Drawn up by Eurydice Spain–Spanish Network for Information on Education (National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) on the basis of the report Step-by-Step Funding of Training for Employment 2015, State Foundation for Training in Employment.

The education and employment authorities can collaborate with each other, as well as with other public authorities, local corporations and different social players.

Fees paid by learners 

Education authorities

As in the case of students in compulsory education, basic education for adults is also free of charge.

Each Autonomous Community decides on the cost of public fees for each post-compulsory service and/or educational activity:

  • entrance examinations to advanced vocational training cycles
  • examinations leading to Technician and advanced Technician certificates
  • registration in language courses in Official Language Schools
  • student benefits and fee waivers.

The following are usually exempt from the payment of fees:

  • students who are members of families with five or more children
  • beneficiaries of grants and financial support
  • victims of terrorist attacks.

Students under 28 must pay an annual fee for school insurance, which includes health care, as well as benefits in case of illness, accident at school or family hardship.

Students enrolled in a course of the Aula Mentor project, the online training system of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, must pay a monthly fee of EUR 24 and register for at least two months. In the case of 30 hour courses, they have to register for at least a month. 

Employment authorities

Cost-free education is one of the principles underpinning vocational training for employment, so training activities are free of charge.

Financial support for adult learners

Education authorities

  • General grants and financial support

For adults engaged in post-compulsory education: Bachillerato, intermediate or advanced vocational training, professional artistic education or sports education, whether in mainstream provision or in specific adult education provision (including part-time provision).

They may include: 

  • for students in post-compulsory education:
    • grants to cover the cost of registration fees in private institutions
    • transport
    • residence
    • materials and 'city supplements', in the case of learners who have to travel to study in more populated areas.
  • 'salary grants' (advanced vocational training cycles) or additional aid to compensate for lack of working income due to enrolment in education programmes (rest of post-compulsory education).

Students:

  • have to be enrolled in, at least, four subjects or areas, or in a number of vocational training modules equivalent to 500 class hours
  • they have to pass all the subjects, areas or modules in order to qualify for assistance in the following year.

The duration of the grants can be one year longer than the regular duration established for the programme.

Changes in the system of grants and financial support in non-university post-compulsory education, by which students were obliged to assume the same responsibility that had been established for university students, were regulated in August 2012. For more information, see Financial support for students.

  • Grants for students attending language courses in Official Language Schools

They can be awarded financial help provided they are registered in a full course.

The grant covers:

  • tuition fees
  • transport
  • school materials.

It is awarded for the duration of the programme of studies and for a maximum of two languages.

  • Grants for students taking the university entrance course for students aged over 25 in public universities

The grant may cover registration fees, transport and materials.

Employment authorities

Students engaged in vocational training for employment, who are unemployed and meet the requirements established, may receive financial assistance.

It may cover:

  • transport
  • meals
  • accommodation
  • attention to children under 6 or dependent family members.

In addition to this financial support, the Ministry of Employment and Social Security also offers grants to:

  • disabled people
  • people with special needs
  • people facing difficulties to integrate into the labour market or to improve their professional qualifications
  • people participating in specific programmes established by the State Public Employment Service or by regional public employment services.

Private education

Private adult education and training, both in-class and distance provision, is organised by a variety of institutions. They may be classified, according to whether it is organised by education or employment authorities or whether it leads to the award of an official certificate or not, into:

  • mainstream institutions
  • specific institutions for adult education
  • associations
  • foundations
  • companies
  • business organisations and trade unions, etc.

Types of provision

Programmes leading to an official qualification

They  must be offered in mainstream and specific educational institutions.

In 2014/15, there were 99 private adult education institutions, as opposed to 2 195 public institutions, which represents 4.51% of the total number.

As private institutions offering other types of provision, they are free to decide, among other aspects, on their structure and resources.   

Private institutions organising adult education provision can be classified into three main categories: 

  • Private non-profit institutions:
    • they receive public funding from different levels and are characterised by a high degree of social intervention, and by organising a wide variety of cultural activities, together with education provision as such
    • adult community colleges should be emphasised: integrated by a series of groups which form associations devoted to organising activities in the field of adult education, their objective is to promote participation in adult education on the basis of solidarity, integration, equity and participation. They are grouped under the Federation of Adult Education Associations
    • popular universities should also be highlighted: they are private-owned institutions, normally belonging to foundations, although they receive public financing. For more information, see Provision of liberal (popular) adult education.
  • Private profit institutions organising in-class provision:
    • they mainly offer non-formal education related to professional and language training, as well as formal training leading to official qualifications
    • they are self-governing institutions and their income is obtained from students’ contributions.
  • Private profit institutions organising distance provision:

Vocational training for employment

Apart from the most significant business organisations and trade unions, appropriately accredited training institutions and bodies have the opportunity to take part in the subsystem of vocational training for employment.

Grants and financial support

Students are entitled to the same grants and financial support described for the public sector, except for the grant to cover the expenses for university entrance courses for students aged over 25.

The only financial support specifically targeted to students who attend private institutions which are not fully or partly financed with public funds are allowances to cover educational expenses in post-compulsory and higher non-university education.

Students enrolled in private institutions which are not authorised cannot apply for financial support for post-compulsory and higher non-university education, unless they sit official examinations held in official schools for each of the subjects and areas which integrate the programme.