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Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

The Act on Higher Education distinguishes different types of higher education institutions. Regarding the system of funding and ownership, they are divided into public, state owned and private higher educational institutions. In addition, higher education may be also provided by foreign higher education institutions. 


Public higher education institutions

Public higher education institutions are public service and independent institutions founded and closed by law. The law also determines their name, classification and seat. If a public higher education institution is divided into faculties, the faculties are founded with the institution.
The public higher education institutions are funded especially by the subsidies provided from the Chapter of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the SR on the basis of a contract but they have also additional revenues, such as tuition fees and payments connected with the study, entrepreneurial activities, property revenues, provision of continuous education, and the like. The public higher education institutions are autonomous and self-governing and managed by self-governing bodies according to internal rules of the higher education institutions. 


State-owned higher education institutions

The state-owned higher education institutions are police, military and healthcare higher education institutions. Students of military higher education institutions are students performing their military service. Police higher education institutions prepare experts particularly for the police corps. They can be attended by students who are not police employees. Healthcare higher education institutions prepare students for individual health care professions.

Some state-owned higher education institutions are not autonomous at defining number of admitted applicants, preparing study programmes, and at creating organisation structure and are subject of agreement of the corresponding ministry.  The state-owned higher education institutions are linked by their budget to the State budget as a contributory or budgetary organisation of the respective Chapter. The fields of study offered by the state-owned higher education institutions are not exclusively designed for them, the study programmes in the given fields of study may be also provided, upon fulfilling the conditions of accreditation, by public and private higher education institutions. 


The private higher education institutions

The private higher education institutions are non-profit-making organisations offering generally useful services or limited liable companies which were founded with the purpose of providing education and research. The State consent for operation as a private higher education institution is granted by the Government of the SR. The Accreditation Commission pronounces on the request for giving the consent.  The private higher education institutions may be also granted a subsidy for its activity from the state budget but actually they receive only the funds for covering statutory claims of the students. 


Foreign higher education institutions

Foreign higher education institutions provide higher education in the Slovak Republic in compliance with the legislature of their home country based on the authorisation granted by the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic. Rights and obligations of a foreign higher education institution’s students are not governed by the Act on higher education but by the legislature of the institution’s home country. The equivalence of the obtained education certificates with the certificates awarded in the Slovak Republic (higher education diploma, state examination certificate, diploma supplement) is determined in the same way as in the case of education certificates obtained abroad. 



The Act on higher education institution distinguishes university higher education institutions and vocational higher education institutions. There are also higher education institutions that do not fall under this classification. The classification of a higher education institution or its transfer is carried out on the basis of a statement of the Accreditation Commission of the SR, in case of public and State-owned higher education institutions on the basis of the act and, in case of private higher education institutions; the transfer of an institution is upon the SR Government. 

In agreement with the Higher Education Act all higher education institutions provide the Bachelor study programmes. The professional higher education institutions provide the Bachelor’s study programmes only. The professional higher education institutions are oriented particularly on the applied research. In case of university higher education institutions the primary orientation is at basic research and emphasis is laid on doctoral study programmes. 

The doctoral study programmes may be also provided by external educational institution. In that case the research part of the doctoral study is carried out in the external educational institution, however, the student is a student of higher education institution but some aspects of his study are decided or co-decided by the external educational institution. 



Legislative References

Act No. 131/2002 on higher education and on the change and supplement to some acts as amended by subsequent provision (fully wording in the Act No. 175/2008) (Act of the National Council of SR).