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Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

Higher vocational studies are provided by vocational upper secondary  schools in different, taxatively determined study fields (Decree No. 282/2009 as amended, annex No. 6) and  study takes three-years.


Curriculum, Subjects, Number of Hours

The State educational programmes for vocational education are issued by the ministry of  education after having discussed them with employers, founders of the schools and their professional and special-interest associations with nation-wide competence and with the ministries in the scope of their sector area of competence; for healthcare study fields  preparing the pupils for performing healthcare occupations these programmes are issued by the Ministry of Health of the SR.

The State educational programmes for the fields of education at schools falling under the area of competence of other central bodies of State administration are issued by these central bodies of the State administration, in matters of general subjects, after agreement with the ministry of education.

In vocational secondary schools the language education and the scope of cross-sectional subjects – informatics, computer technology, ecology have been extended, and new subjects were introduced, such as management, marketing, enterprising, banking, law teaching, introduction to the world of work, and others.

The verification of the new curricula in selected fields of study in  SOŠ continue. (e.g., use of graphic systems oriented at mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, transport, posts and telecommunications and building industry). After successful completing and evaluation of experimental verification the experimental fields will be included in the system of the fields of study and trades.

The development of educational programmes of vocational subjects falls within the competence of the State Vocational Education Institute. In cooperation with the subject commissions, teachers and methodologists they are presented for approval and issue by the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sports of the SR. After their approval they become binding for the schools.

The support of development of managerial and enterprising skills of young people continue in all types of secondary schools in the educational programme, the constituent part of which is optional and elective subject classes. The elective classes of Religion or Ethics in Grades 1 and 2 are provided for pupils by 15 years of age according to decision of their guardians.

More information is available in the chapter Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education.


Vocational Secondary School

Target items of education Total number of lessons during the study
General education 1920
Technical education 1216
Disposable lessons 1088
TOTAL 4224


Categories and names of fields of education
Total number of lessons during the study
GENERAL EDUCATION
2048
Language and communication
  • Slovak language and literature
  • First foreign language
  • Second foreign language
1088
Man, values and society
  • Ethics/Religion
  • History
  • Civics
224
Man and Nature
  • Ecology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
96
Maths and Work with Information
  • Maths
  • Informatics   
256
Health and Movement
  • Physical Training
256
Disposable lessons
128
TECHNICAL EDUCATION
2176
Theoretical education
640
Practical training
576
Disposable lessons
960
Total
4224


Conservatory

Total number of weekly classes of teaching plan of the school educational programme at the conservatories in individual grades is as follows:

  • Grades 1 and 2: 33 lessons
  • Grades 3 and 4: 31 lessons
  • Grades 5 and 6: 32 lessons


Categories and names of the fields of education and subjects Total number of lessons during the study
ART AND CULTURE
Classic dance
54
Folk dance
24
Modern dance
24
Character dance
2
Dance with partner
3
Playing piano
1
LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION
Slovak language and literature
12
Foreign language – English
16
Second foreign language – French
4
Technical foreign language
2
MAN AND NATURE
Physiology and hygiene of locomotor apparatu  
1
MAN AND SOCIETY
History
1
History of Dance and Ballet
4
History of Music
1
History of Theatre
1
Civics
2
Psychology
2
PEDAGOGICAL-ARTISTIC SUBJECTS  
Pedagogy of Dance
2
Theory and Methodology of Dance
4
Methodology of Teaching Dance
2
Pedagogical seminar 2
Methodology of Dance
2
MATHS AND WORK WITH INFORMATIONI
Informatics
1
ARTISTIC-THEORETICAL SUBJECTS   
Analysis of Works of Art  
Teaching on Music
1
HEALTH AND MOVEMENT  
Stage movement
2
MAN AND VALUES
Ethics/Religion
2
MAN AND THE WORLD OF WORK
Artistic practice
7
Artistic practice (folk dance)
3
Artistic practice (modern dance)
3
Teaching experience
3
CROSS-SECTIONAL THEMES  
Esthetic seminar
1
Diploma seminar
1
State educational programme
192
School educational programme


An excursion, courses about life and health protection, course of movement activities (skiing, snowboarding, swimming, tourist, etc.) and school outings are a part of the education and training of the pupils.


Teaching Methods and Materials

For more details see the chapter Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education.


Conservatory

Conservatory organises as a part of education the inhouse and public theatre, musical, opera, operetta, dance and ballet performances, contests, home and international exchange presentations and artistic projects. It is recommended to cooperate with public libraries, parent and professional public, to take part in the competition (subject Olympiad), to get involved in projects, e.g., Model European Parliament, European Union for Young Scientists, European Spring, Back to School, etc.


Legislation reference

Decree No. 282/2009 on secondary schools as amended by subsequent provisions (Decree of the Ministry of Education of the SR).