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Slovakia:Overview

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

 

News Feed Slovakia

The public administration in education is guaranteed by both the state administration and territorial self-governance, which is executed by municipalities and higher territorial units. The central body of state administration in education is the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic, which develops educational aims, content and methods for education. Local administration is the responsibility of municipalities, which provide most of pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education in Slovakia. Regional administration is the responsibility of higher territorial units, which provide most of upper secondary education. Public schools provide education free of charge. 

The first stage of education system is pre-primary education, attended by children from three to six years and provided by kindergartens. 

The compulsory school attendance lasts ten years (from the age of 6 to 16) and pupils complete it by finishing the first year of upper secondary education or achieving the age of 16.  All public schools provided primary and lower and upper secondary education are legal entities. 

Primary and lower secondary education is organised as a single structure system (primary education lasts 4 years, lower secondary education lasts 5 years), beginning at the age of six. Integrated primary and lower secondary education is carried out by primary school, where child starts fulfil compulsory school attendance. 

Upper secondary education starting age is 15 and is organised as general, vocational and art education. General upper secondary education is provided by four, five or eight-year Gymnasia. Secondary Vocational Schools provide except upper secondary vocational education also educational programmes of post secondary education and tertiary professional education. Study at secondary vocational school lasts from two to five years. Art education is provided by Conservatoires, which are specific type of school provided lower and upper secondary education as well tertiary professional education. 

Higher education is provided at the three levels - Bachelor, Master and PhD study programmes – in autonomous universities and higher education institutions. 

Adult education includes the further vocational education the re-qualification accredited education, the continuing education and the special-interest education. 

The Ministry of education cooperates with central bodies of state administration and other bodies and organizations in education quality assurance. Quality of primary and secondary education is ensured as internal and external evaluation. Internal evaluation is provided by school as self-evaluation and external institutions - State School Inspection and National Institute for Certified Educational Measurements – provide external evaluation.
Evaluation of the higher education institutions is in competence of the Accreditation Commission – which is advisory body of the government of the Slovak Republic. The Accreditation Commission comprehensively reviews  efficiency and quality of education provided at the higher education institutions and develops recommendations to improve the operation of higher education institutions. 

For further information, please consult the introduction articles of Organisation and Governance and of each educational level: Early Childhood Education, Single Structured Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education), Upper Secondary Education and Post Secondary Non Tertiary Education, Higher Education and Adult Education and Training.

For a brief description of other main topics regarding the national education system, please read the introduction article of Funding in Education, Teachers and Education Staff, Management and Other Educational Staff, Educational Support and Guidance, Quality Assurance, Mobility and Internationalisation.

For information on recently adopted or planned reforms and policy measures, please consult topic Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments.

While Eurypedia provides comprehensive and comparable information, further information may also be found on the websites of the Ministry of Education, Sport, Research and Science of the Slovak Republic, as well as the National Institute for Education, theSlovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information, the State School Inspection and the National Institute for Certified Educational Measurements.

Structure of the national education system 2014/15

 Age of students                                                                                                                                                                                      Programme duration (years)

Diagram 2015 Slovakia.png

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source: Eurydice


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