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Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

Curriculum Development

One of the most important tasks in connection with introducing the European dimension and internationalisation of the school system in the Slovak Republic was to create conditions for language teaching at primary and secondary schools. Language teaching is possible also in pre-primary establishment especially according interest of parents and conditions of kindergartens.

Following the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, the Government undertook in the State Education Programme to improve conditions for minority education, especially instruction in mother tongues of all national minorities. However, at the same time it stresses that the instruction in a minority language can not affect the quality of teaching the state Slovak language. Citizenship education in the EU countries is one of four fundamental goals of education. The schools teach the subject of civics which introduces European dimension into education.

From the end of 2005 the Slovak Republic became a member of the Working group for international cooperation in the area of education, remembrance research on holocaust –Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, remembrance and Research – ITF. Holocaust education fills in gaps in the content of the subjects of history and civics. At the same time, in March 2009, by adopting the National Standard of Financial Literacy, a strategy of education on financial issues and personal finance management came into practice with the aim to improve financial literacy and continuously disseminate knowledge about personal finances management, depending on how the responsibilities and opportunities in the society will change. European dimension is characterized also by inclusion of topics of consumer education and promoting consumer citizenship into civic education and other subjects within the state education program. Consumer literacy is also supported by the international project Dolceta for all member states of EU, funded by the European Commission.

The State education program – the ISCED level 0 for children in the pre-school age (belonging to national minorities and ethnic groups) includes the right to learn the state language and the right to education in their language under the conditions laid down by the Education Act. In kindergartens or classes in which education is conducted in the language of a national minority, communication in the state language - Slovak constitutes a part of education. Education in kindergarten may also be conducted in a foreign language.

The aim of establishment of bilingual sections on gymnasia and secondary vocational schools was mainly to achieve language proficiency of secondary school leaves for further studies at universities, preparation of prospective citizens of an integrated Europe and internationalization of the Slovak education system while preserving its own specific character.

The Slovak Republic has direct representation in the Project group of modern languages as well as in the European Centre for Modern Languages in Graz. Twenty three public and six private language schools are also included in the network of educational institutions in Slovakia.

Europe at School is an international project combined with a competition. The competition is open to pupils of 6-19 years. In Slovakia, the project has been implemented since 1992 with the support of the Ministry of Education and it is considered one of the tools of pro-European education and implementation of the European dimension in education. The organizer of the project is the Slovak Secretariat of Europe at School and the Centre for European Clubs. Sponsors of the project are: the Council of Europe, European Parliament, European Commission and the European Cultural Fund.

Implementation of the European and international dimension in education is ensured by individual gymnasia, secondary vocational schools and the State Institute of Vocational Education (ŠIOV) (e.g. Canadian government programme for international development (CIDA) "The New Possibilities of Vocational Training for Disadvantaged Groups - ITAD," in which training take place at the regional level and pilot schools: "Strategic planning", strategic plans of the region and pilot schools, and incubators are created to support employment of long-term unemployed groups - Romanies).

ŠIOV, the authorized representative of Slovakia in the European Skills Promotion Organization (ESPO), represents the Slovak providers of vocational education and training through the project EuroSkills since 2007. The aim of this project is to help improve, through European competitions, the efficiency, quality and attractiveness of this type of education, emphasize the importance of excellent professional skills and education, organize competitions at European level and facilitate participation of competitors from any European country.

The dimension of internationalization of the curriculum is also present in the educational activities aimed at compatriotes. During summer holidays, an educational program called Children's University "Slovakia and the European Union" is being held. It is attended by children of compatriotes, usually from Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia, and Ukraine. The teachers were introduced to the concept and methodology of teaching approbation subject at the second stage of primary schools and gymnasia, with modern professional pedagogical terminology in the Slovak language, they had a possibility to compare majority textbooks published in Slovakia with minority textbooks published and used in the home country and obtain knowledge in linguistics and literary science in the school practice.


Partnerships and Networks

MoESRS SR is a member of the European Schoolnet (EUN) since 2009. The consortium associates the Ministries of Education of the European Union and also of other countries with the aim to promote the use of information technology in education. Slovak schools participate in the European Spring campaign. The Slovak Republic is also involved in the eTwinning project. Within the project, the National Service for Electronic Cooperation was established at University of Žilina. It promotes mutual partnership projects between schools from different countries by managing the website, organization of workshops, conferences, seminars and a competition. The projects are innovative in nature, they may be incorporated into curriculum, and they are based on students’ cooperation and creative use of information and communication technologies. During five years of existence, more than a half of Slovak schools were involved in the project. MoESRS SR is also a member of the eQnet – the quality network for the European exchange of educational resources. The project reviews digital educational materials, especially in terms of their cross-border utilization.

ReferNet- the European Network of Reference and Expertise - is an information network focused on providing and disseminating information on the developments in vocational education and training in each EU country, Norway and Iceland. The national coordinator of the ReferNet activities in Slovakia is the Slovak National Observatory of Vocational Education and Training (SNO), which is a part of the State Institute of Vocational Education. To support the activities of ReferNet, each country creates national consortia consisting of key organizations in the field of vocational education and training and in related areas. The National Coordinator provides a two-way flow of information between CEDEFOP and the member country and is responsible for fulfilling the ReferNet tasks.